Spatial Information Research

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 205–216 | Cite as

Smoke detections and visibility estimation using Himawari_8 satellite data over Sumatera and Borneo Island Indonesia

  • Heri Ismanto
  • Hartono Hartono
  • Muh Aris MarfaiEmail author


Smoke as the one of weather hazard that contains large pollutant and affect the major live aspects: health, tourism, transportation and climate. Due to its regular appearance in Maritime Continent Indonesian area South East Asia, it is important to assess the satellite remote sensing Himawari_8 data to detect smoke and model the horizontal visibility as the smoke proxy. Using RGB (red, green, blue) combination, maximum likelihood and backward selection of multiple regression were used to detect and to develop the horizontal visibility model. RGB aerosol and RGB day natural color visually sees only the thick smoke with horizontal visibility observe below 1600 m. The best horizontal visibility model [with significant level 95% (probability < 0.05)] was develop from combination of band 3 (0.64 µm); band 7 (3.9 µm); and band 14 (11.2 µm) with root means square error value is about 404 m and correlation value is about 0.69.


Smoke detection Visibility model Himawari_8 RGB aerosol Sumatera Borneo 



This work as a part of Ph.D. research that was supported by Education and Training Center of Indonesian Meteorological Climatological and Geophysical Agency. We thank to Mr. Andersen Panjaitan as the Chief of Satellite SubDivision of BMKG for providing Himawari_8 satellite data and Mr. Retnadi Heru Jatmiko (UGM) and Mr Alpon Sepriando (BMKG) for valuable discussions.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Korean Spatial Information Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heri Ismanto
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hartono Hartono
    • 2
  • Muh Aris Marfai
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Center for Aeronautical MeteorologyAgency of Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysical (BMKG)JakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Faculty of GeographyUniversitas Gadjah MadaYogyakartaIndonesia

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