An analysis of transport suitability, modal choice and trip pattern using accessibility and network approach: a study of Jamshedpur city, India
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The transportation system is considered the most important element of urban infrastructure and therefore, contemporary urban research precise more emphasis on the well-managed sustainable transport system. Accessibility and connectivity are two important tools regarding urban mobility, trip generation and modal choice as well as transportation management. The assessment of transport suitability is now the central part of transport management. From these perspectives, this study has been focused on the patterns of urban mobility and modal choice on the basis of transport accessibility and suitability. The Jamshedpur city and five adjoining urban areas are selected for assessment. The GIS-based accessibility modeling and network analysis have been used in this study. Moreover, the empirical field survey has also been made for the assessment of trip generation in selected nodes. Therefore, the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was applied to assess the nature and patterns of trip occurrences and content validity ratio (CVR) and consistency ratio (CR) were used for validation. Furthermore, transport suitability index (TSI) in the different traffic zones were measured. The result shows that Jamshedpur is the most suitable in existing transportation supply–demand system as well as sustainable transportation management.
KeywordsUrban transport Accessibility AHP Trip generation Transport suitability index Jamshedpur city
The authors would like to thank the post-graduates urban research team of the year of 2013-2015 for cooperating field survey and also gratified to Prof. Soumendu Chatterjee (S.C sir), Presidency University for providing structural questionnaires of trip generation survey required for the study. The authors would also like to thanks Dr. Utpal Roy, the University of Calcutta for his constructive support. At last but not the least, thanks to anonymous reviewers and especially to the Editor for their constructive comments and support.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
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