Delineation of hydrocarbon potential zones in Masila oil field, Yemen
Hydrocarbon is a powerful contributor to development. The present study makes an attempt to use remote sensing data coupled with geophysical and geological data that has been integrated into Arc GIS to delineate favorable zones for hydrocarbon potential in the Masila oil field. Lineaments have been extracted using satellite data and geological data by their surface spectral signatures, whereas the subsurface lineaments have been inferred using geophysical data. Digital image processing of satellite image using ERDAS IMAGINE-14 have been carried out, sequentially using various techniques (Sobal, Laplacian filters and band composite), lineament digitized as layers, layers were converted to raster (grid) format, classified, analyzed, integrated and visualized using Arc GIS. The resulting lineaments obtained from each data, suggests that most of the lineaments are trended in NW–SE which coincides and are in conformity with the existing trend of the study area. The output potential map was classified into five zones of hydrocarbon potentiality, namely very high, high, moderate, low and very low potential zones. The hydrocarbon evaluation results of the present study reveal that 6.9% of the total area falls under very high potential, 14.2% highly potential, 21.3% moderately potential, 25.7% low potential and 31.9% falls under very low potential zones. The zones were verified with oil fields and existing wells in the area which shows a positive correlation. Such studies are significant for hydrocarbon potential resource planning and management. Further, the methodology used for this study can be, replicated in another similar geological setup elsewhere for mapping hydrocarbon potential zones.
KeywordsLineaments extraction Lineament density and intersection density Lineament orientation GIS integration Hydrocarbon exploration Masila oil field of Yemen
Authors are thankful to the editor-in chief, spatial information research and the handling editor for their valuable comments and suggestions on this paper. The authors are grateful to four anonymous reviewers for their critical and constructive comments which improve the contents significantly. Thanks are due to Geological Survey and Mineral Sources Board, Yemen, for providing geological data and for NASA and Japan’s ministry of economy and Japan space systems for providing satellite data. The corresponding author thanks, Dr. Nabeel Al-Areeq, Thamar University, Yemen for provided seismic maps and Dr. Saeed Al-Shamasy, Deputy of minister of oil and minerals, Yemen for his encouragement.
- 1.Beydoun, Z. R. (1964). The structure and stratigraphy of the eastern Aden protonate and Dhufar., Overseas Geology and Mineral Resources Supplement Series London: HMSO.Google Scholar
- 2.Beydoun, Z. R. (1991). Arabian plate hydrocarbon geology and potential: A plate tectonic approach. American Association of Petroleum Geologists: Tulsa, OK.Google Scholar
- 3.PEPA. (2004). Petroleum exploration & production authority, unpublished reports, Yemen.Google Scholar
- 4.Dix, O. R., & Jackson, M. P. A. (1981). Statistical analysis of lineament, and their relation to fracturing, faulting, and halokinesis in the East Texas basin. Burea of Economic Geology, the University of Texas at Austin TX, Report, 110, 30.Google Scholar
- 5.O’Leary, D. W., Friedman, J. D., & Pohn, H. A. (1976). Lineament, linear, lineation: Some proposed new standards for old terms. Geological Society of America. https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1976)87%3c1463:LLLSPN%3e2.0.CO;2.
- 6.Alshayef, M. S., & Javed, A. (2018). Geomatica-based approach for automatic extraction of lineaments from ASTER-GDEM data, in Part of Al-Rawdah, Shabwah, Southeast Yemen. Hydrologic Modeling (pp 423–434). Singapore: Springer.Google Scholar
- 8.Kumanan, C. J., Saravanavel, J., & Palanivel, K. (2011). Viruses of 3D GIS in mapping earth surface & subsurface geological system/process. In Conference proceedings, 12th Esri India User, Canada, Richmond Hill.Google Scholar
- 18.Tahir, A. G., Garba, M. L., & Hassan, C. (2015). Lineaments analysis to identify favorable areas for groundwater in Kano City northwestern Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, 5(2), 1–7.Google Scholar
- 21.Al-Areeq, N. M. (2008). Sediment logical evaluation and petroleum system in the central part of Sayun-Masila basin, Republic of Yemen. Ph.D. thesis, Faculty of Science, Assiut University.Google Scholar
- 22.Haitham, F. M. S., & Nani, A. S. O. (1990). The Gulf of Aden rift, in hydrocarbon potential of the Arabian sector. Journal of Petroleum Geology. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-5457.1990.tb00840.x.Google Scholar
- 24.Beydoun, Z. R., Alsaruri, L. A., El-nakhal, H., Al-Ganad, N. E., Baraba, S. S., Nani, O. A., & Al-Aawah, H. M. (1998). International lexicon of stratigraphy-geological of Yemen. International Union of Geological Science.Google Scholar
- 26.Albaroot, M., Ahmed, A. H. M., Al-Areeq, N., & Sultan, M. (2016). Tectonostratigraphy of Yemen and geological evalution: A new prospective. International Journal of New Technology and Research, 2(2), 19–33.Google Scholar
- 28.Mohammed, A., Palanivel, K., Kumanan, C. J., & Ramasamy, S. M. (2011). Spatial analysis of geo-system parameters for hydrocarbon prospecting in parts of Yemen. Journal of Geomatics, 5(1), 20–29.Google Scholar
- 30.Sarp, G. (2005). Lineament analysis from satellite images, North-West of Ankara. M.Sc. theses, Middle East Technological University.Google Scholar