Modeling urban dynamics along two major industrial corridors in India
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Rapid urban growth and consequent sprawl have been a major concern in urban planning towards the provision of basic amenities and infrastructure. The current research was undertaken as per the recommendations of brainstorming session involving stakeholders from academia, government agencies and industry. The outcome of this study is expected to provide the vital inputs to the federal government to provision basic amenities and smart infrastructure, to boost the industrial growth, while maintaining the local ecology and environment and support local livelihood. Spatial patterns of land use dynamics have been analysed in two major corridors (with 10 km buffer on either side). During the past two decades, the urban growth is about 441% along Mumbai–Pune Industrial corridor and 276% along Chennai–Bangalore–Mangalore corridor. The prediction of likely growth has been done using Markov-cellular automation model, accounting fuzzy behavior of agents. Spatial metrics confirm that the core urban areas of major cities have concentrated growth and sprawl at the outskirts. Prediction model estimates that urban area would increase to 47.1% by 2027 in Mumbai–Pune corridor and to 35.4% in 2029 in Chennai–Mangalore corridor. This study aids in pre-visualising the urban growth to evolve appropriate management strategies to mitigate environmental impacts.
KeywordsCellular automata Chennai–Bangalore Fuzzy Markov chains Mumbai–Pune
We are grateful to (1) APN Network for climate change [ARCP2012-FP03-Sellers] for the financial support to carryout research—Mega Regional Development and Environmental change in India and China, (2) the NRDMS Division, The Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India; (3) Indian Institute of Science and (4) Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur for the infrastructure support. We thank (1) United States Geological Survey and (2) National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC-Hyderabad) for providing temporal remote sensing data. Ms. Revathi N. and Brigit M. Baby worked as interns in this research as part of their respective master’s dissertation work and took part in data mining and spatial data analyses. We thank the participants of stakeholder meeting. And this research was undertaken as per the recommendations of stakeholder interaction meeting involving academia, government agencies and industry.
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