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, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 22–29 | Cite as

Reduction of the Vibration Exposure on Wheel Loader Drivers

  • Christian Schindler
  • Xiaojing Zhao
  • Peter Bach
Cover Story
  • 28 Downloads

Mobile machines generate high levels of vibrations during operation and transmit them more or less to the drivers. A person exposed to whole-body vibrations for a longer time feels increasing discomfort and looses concentration, which he/she absolutely needs for the execution of the work. In addition, the long-term exposure to whole-body vibrations can cause health problems. At the Chair of Design in Mechanical Engineering, TU Kaiserslautern, together with Volvo Construction Equipment a research project was set up to determine potentials of improvement in this subject on a compact wheel loader.

Task

As to make effort to improve the work environment for better safety and health protection of workers, the European Union released in 2002 a directive for minimum requirements on the protection of workers from vibrations [1]. In this direction a so-called trigger value for the exposure to whole-body vibrations is given, when it is exceeded measures for the vibration reduction are to be...

Keywords

Suspension System Ride Comfort Wheel Loader Vibration Exposure Test Operation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. [1]
    2002/44/EG: Richtlinie des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates über Mindestvorschriften zum Schutz von Sicherheit und Gesundheit der Arbeitnehmer vor der Gefährdung durch physikalische Einwirkungen (Vibrationen). Das Europäische Parlament und der Rat der Europäischen Union, 25. Juni 2002. Online: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DE/TXT/?uri=celex:32002L0044
  2. [2]
    ISO 2631-1:1997-5: Mechanische Schwingungen und Stöße — Bewertung der Einwirkung von Ganzkörper-Schwingungen auf den Menschen — Teil 1: Allgemeine Anforderungen. Berlin: Beuth Verlag, May 1997Google Scholar
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    ISO 2631-5:2004-02: Mechanische Schwingungen und Stöße — Bewertung der Einwirkung von Ganzkörper-Schwingungen auf den Menschen — Teil 5: Verfahren zur Bewertung von stoßhaltigen Schwingungen. Berlin: Beuth Verlag, February 2002Google Scholar
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    Griffin, M. J.: Handbook of human vibration. San Diego: Elsevier Academic Press, 1996Google Scholar
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    Wu, X.; Griffin, M. J.: The influence of end-stop buffer characteristics on the severity of suspension seat end-stop impacts. In: Journal of Sound and Vibration, 215 (1998), no. 4, pp. 989–996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Nawayseh, N.; Griffin, M. J.: A model of the vertical apparent mass and the fore-and-aft cross-axis apparent mass of the human body during vertical whole-body vibration. In: Journal of Sound and Vibration, 319 (2009), no. 1–2, pp. 719–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Schindler
    • 1
  • Xiaojing Zhao
    • 2
  • Peter Bach
    • 3
  1. 1.RWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.University of KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany
  3. 3.Volvo Construction EquipmentKonzGermany

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