The Simulation of the Whole-Body Vibration Experienced During Military Land Transit

  • Thomas A. DebenedictisEmail author
  • Francois Fraysse
  • Steven Milanese
  • Grant Tomkinson
  • Daniel Billing
  • Alistair Furnell
  • Dominic Thewlis
Original Paper


The simulation of field-based exposures, such as the random whole-body vibration (WBV) experienced during periods of military land transit, in a laboratory setting, allows for greater control over potentially confounding factors. This paper describes a method used to simulate the WBV experienced during military land transit. Acceleration data were collected during military transit. These data were used as the command signal to control a 6 degree-of-freedom Stewart platform. The accelerations of the Stewart platform were then compared to the measured military transit accelerations to validate the approach. Our analysis identified moderate accuracy in the 0–3 Hz frequency range for both simulations. The sealed road simulation demonstrated 17, 25, and 8% error and the cross-country simulation, 4, 7, and 4% error in the x, y, and z-axes, respectively. Outside of this frequency range, the error was ≤ 2%. The accurate simulation of the mechanical WBV experienced during periods of motorised military land transit will allow future laboratory-based studies to explore the impact of these forces on Australian Defence Force personnel.


Whole-body vibration Vehicle ride Armed forces Occupational exposure 


Funding Information

A Defence Science and Technology (DST) Group Scholarship funded this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity (ARENA), Sansom Institute for Health ResearchUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Defence Science and Technology GroupDepartment of DefenceFishermans BendAustralia
  3. 3.International Centre for Allied Health Evidence (iCAHE)University of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  4. 4.Department of Kinesology and Public Health educationUniversity of North DakotaGrand ForksUSA
  5. 5.Public Transport VictoriaMelbourneAustralia
  6. 6.Centre for Orthopaedic and Trauma ResearchUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

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