Affordances in nature: Australian primary school children identify learning opportunities
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Young children learn best through investigation, exploration, imagination, creativity and personal experiences (Bruner 1997; Australian Curriculum 2018; Robinson and Azzam 2009; Vygotsky 2004). However, traditional formal education focuses more on curricula that emphasise numeracy and literacy skills and standardised testing, marginalising aspects of learner’s overall socio-emotional health, expressions of creativity and learning from personal experiences. The result is that traditional education system often fails to deliver on both, especially compromising on children’s learning in the outdoor environment and play which are the most prominent areas for reflection and inquiry in childhood (Gill 2007; Gray 2013). Researchers have suggested that children should participate in school and curriculum-related matters and in co-designing their own learning processes and contents together with educators (Bahou 2011; Birch et al. 2017; Flutter and Rudduck 2004; Thornberg and...
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