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Implementation Fidelity of a Mindfulness-Based Yoga Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Their Families: a Pilot Study

  • Jeanette M. GarciaEmail author
  • Kayla Baker
  • Morgan R. Diaz
  • Jennifer E. Tucker
  • Viki P. Kelchner
  • David J. Rice
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Families with children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may benefit from mindfulness-based interventions; however, few studies have examined such programs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to demonstrate the implementation fidelity of a mindfulness-based yoga program for children with ASD and their families. Eight children and their families participated in separate, concurrent yoga sessions of identical curriculum. Implementation fidelity was assessed through observations and participant/instructor interviews. The study showed a high degree of implementation fidelity with standardized curriculum instruction, positive responsiveness from participants, and unique aspects of program differentiation. Results indicate that a mindfulness-based yoga program, providing separate sessions for both children and their families, may be especially beneficial to the entire family and enhance family relationships.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder Mindfulness Implementation fidelity Family 

Notes

Author Contribution

JMG: designed and executed the study, assisted with the data collection, completed the data analyses, and wrote the paper. KMB: assisted with the study design, data collection, and writing the paper. MRD assisted with data collection and writing of the paper. JET assisted with the study design and writing of the paper. VPK assisted with the study design and writing of the paper. DJR assisted with data collection and writing of the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the University of Central Florida Institutional Review Board and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Kinesiology and Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions and SciencesUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  2. 2.Exceptional Education, College of Community Innovation and EducationUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  3. 3.Counselor Education and School Psychology, College of Community Innovation and EducationUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  4. 4.College of Nursing and Health SciencesFlorida Southern CollegeLakelandUSA

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