China Foundry

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 1–7 | Cite as

Factors influencing power consumption and power-saving measures in ESR process

  • Yun-Long XiongEmail author
  • Zhao-Wei Song
  • An-Guo Wang
  • Yan-Chun Lou
Special Report


Since the USA patent of electroslag remelting (ESR) metallurgy was held by P. K. Hopkins in 1940, the ESR technology has now entered a relatively mature stage after a 70-year history of development. At present, the annual capacity of ESR steels around the world is approximately 2 million tonnes. ESR metallurgy emerged in China in 1958. Since then, electroslag furnaces were gradually installed in Chinese special steel plants. At present, there are more than 200 electroslag remelting furnaces in the metallurgical workshops of these steel plants with an annual production capacity of about 500,000 tonnes of ingots and components made of about 200 varieties of steels, including high quality steels and superalloys. This ESR technology is used as a special remelting and refining method for producing high quality steels and superalloys. However, traditional ESR technology has the disadvantages of environmental pollution and extremely high specific power consumption. High power consumption restricts, to a certain degree, the competitiveness of ESR steels in the marketplace. The measures of power saving in ESR have been researched in recent years. In this paper, some factors influencing power consumption, such as filling ratio, slag system, slag amount, melting rate and furnace structure are reviewed, and several new ESR technologies for power saving are proposed.

Key words

ESR power saving fill ratio slag system slag amount melting rate 

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Copyright information

© Foundry Journal Agency and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yun-Long Xiong
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zhao-Wei Song
    • 1
  • An-Guo Wang
    • 1
  • Yan-Chun Lou
    • 1
  1. 1.Shenyang Research Institute of Foundry Co., Ltd.ShenyangChina

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