China Foundry

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 31–39 | Cite as

Preparation of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy semisolid slurry through a water-cooled serpentine pouring channel

  • Wen-zhi ZhuEmail author
  • Wei-min Mao
  • Qing-song Wei
  • Chen Hui
  • Yu-sheng Shi
Research & Development


The semisolid slurry of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy was prepared through a self-designed water-cooled copper serpentine pouring channel (WSPC) machine. Influences of pouring temperature, the number of turns and the cooling water flow rate on the microstructure of the semisolid Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy slurry were investigated. The results show that the semisolid Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy slurry with satisfactory quality can be generated by the WSPC when the pouring temperature is in the range between 680 ºC and 700 ºC. At a given pouring temperature, the average grain size of primary α-Al decreases and the shape factor increases with the increase of the number of turns. When the cooling water flow rate is 450 L·h-1, the obtained semisolid slurry is optimal. During the preparation of the semisolid Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy slurry with low superheat pouring, the alloy melt has mixed inhibition and convection flow characteristics by “self-stirring”. When the alloy melt flows through the serpentine channel, the chilling effect of the inner wall of the channel, the convection and mixed inhibition of the alloy melt greatly promote the heterogeneous nucleation and grain segregation. This effect destroys the dendrite growth mode under traditional solidification conditions, and the primary nuclei gradually evolve into spherical or nearspherical grains.

Key words

Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Alloy semisolid slurry water-cooled serpentine channel primary α-Al 

CLC numbers


Document code


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Copyright information

© Foundry Journal Agency and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wen-zhi Zhu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wei-min Mao
    • 2
  • Qing-song Wei
    • 1
  • Chen Hui
    • 1
  • Yu-sheng Shi
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould TechnologyHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingChina

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