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First Record of Imposex in Euthria cornea (Neogastropoda: Buccinidae) Collected from the Complex Lagoon-Channel of Bizerta

  • Tahani El AyariEmail author
  • Najoua Trigui El Menif
Article
  • 32 Downloads

Abstract

Imposex has been widely used as an indicator of tributyltin (TBT) pollution, despite this, imposex was still not described in some gastropod species. This study reports, for the first time, the occurrence of imposex in Euthria cornea (Linnaeus, 1758) collected from the complex lagoon-channel of Bizerta. Imposex expression in Euthria cornea followed the a-pathway corresponding to the development of a bud penis before the vas deferens. Four stages (VDS1a, VDS2a, VDS3a and VDS4) were recognised in this gastropod. Imposex incidence (I%) was slightly higher in Bizerta Channel (100%) against (92.85%) in Bizerta lagoon without being significant. However, the degree of imposex (RPLI) was significantly higher in Bizerta lagoon 10.92 compared to Bizerta Channel 7.05. Similar was noted for the Vas deferens sequence index (VDSI) 2.76 in Bizerta lagoon and 2.02 in Bizerta Channel. While, female and male penis length (FPL and MPL) were higher in Bizerta Channel, 0.87 mm and 12.34 mm against 0.73 mm and 7.23 mm in Bizerta lagoon, respectively. Sterility was not observed in any Euthria cornea.

Keywords

Imposex Euthria cornea Indicator Complex lagoon-channel of Bizerta 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

We have no conflict of interest to declare.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Sciences of Bizerta. Laboratory of Environment Bio-monitoring, Group of Fundamental and Applied Malacology (LEB/GFAM)University of CarthageBizertaTunisia

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