Heavy Metal Levels in some Edible Crustacean and Mollusk Species Marketed in Mersin

  • Cengiz KorkmazEmail author
  • Özcan Ay
  • Coşkun Çolakfakıoğlu
  • Cahit Erdem


Muscle tissues of squid (Loligo vulgaris), cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) and prawn (Penaeus semisulcatus) marketed for consumption were analyzed for their Fe, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb levels. Metal analysis were carried out using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectroscopic (ICP-MS) methods. Muscle levels of Fe, Cu, Zn and Pb ranged between 0.50–19.82, 0.53–8.57, 6.80–32.12 and <0.003–1.60 mg/kg w.w., respectively whereas Cd level was below detection limits in the species studied. Mean muscle levels of metals in samples for consumption were compared with provisional tolerable daily (PTDs) and weekly (PTWs) limits. It was shown that the levels of metals in tissues analyzed were below PTDs and PTWs. Mean metal levels of all samples were also below the upper limits set by Turkish Food Codex (TFC) and European Union (EU) Commission. Hence it was shown that levels of the selected 5 metals in muscle tissues of squid, cuttlefish and prawns marketed in Mersin were in accordance with the quality standards set by TFC and EUC and concluded that they do not pose any health problems for human consumption.


Heavy metals Food safety Tolerable weekly intake Mollusks Crustaceans 


  1. Al-Bader N (2008) Heavy metal levels in most common available fish species in Saudi market. J Food Technol 6:173–177Google Scholar
  2. Bailey SE, Olin TJ, Bricka RM, Adrian DD (1999) A review of potentially low-cost sorbents for heavy metals. Water Res 33(11):2469–2479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bettini S, Ciani F, Franceschini V (2006) Recovery of the olfactory receptor neurons in the African Tilapia mariae following exposure to low copper level. Aquat Toxicol 76(3):321–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Burger J, Gochfeld M (2005) Heavy metals in commercial fish in New Jersey. Environ Res 99(3):403–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Canlı M, Kalay M, Ay Ö (2001) Metal (Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe, Cr, Ni) concentrations in tissues of a fish Sardina pilchardus and a prawn Peaenus japonicus from three stations on the Mediterranean Sea. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 67(1):75–82Google Scholar
  6. Cirillo T, Fasano E, Viscardi V, Arnese A, Amodio-Cocchieri R (2010) Survey of lead, cadmium, mercury and arsenic in seafood purchased in Campania, Italy. Food Addit Contam: Part B 3(1):30–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Çoğun H, Yüzereroğlu TA, Kargın F, Fırat Ö (2005) Seasonal variation and tissue distribution of heavy metals in shrimp and fish species from the Yumurtalık coast of Iskenderun Gulf, Mediterranean. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 75(4):707–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Çoğun HY, Yüzereroğlu TA, Fırat Ö, Gök G, Kargın F (2006) Metal concentrations in fish species from the Northeast Mediterranean Sea. Environ Monit Assess 121(1):429–436Google Scholar
  9. EC (2005) European Community. Commission Regulation No 78/2005 (pp. L16/43–L16/45). Official Journal of the European Union (20.1.2005). Retrieved from
  10. El-Moselhy KM, Othman AI, El-Azem HA, El-Metwally MEA (2014) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in some tissues of fish in the Red Sea, Egypt. Egypt J Basic Appl Sci 1(2):97–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Elnabris KJ, Muzyed SK, El-Ashgar NM (2013) Heavy metal concentrations in some commercially important fishes and their contribution to heavy metals exposure in Palestinian people of Gaza strip (Palestine). J Assoc Arab Univ Basic Appli Sci 13(1):44–51Google Scholar
  12. EPA (2000) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Cadmium Compounds, Retrieved from
  13. EPA (2005) Environmental Protection Agency. Zinc and compounds; CASRN 7440-66-6. Retrieved from
  14. Ersoy B, Çelik M (2010) The essential and toxic elements in tissues of six commercial demersal fish from Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Food Chem Toxicol 48(5):1377–1382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. FAO (1983) (Food and Agriculture Organization), Compilation of legal limits for hazardous substances in fish and fishery products, FAO Fishery Circular No. 464, pp. 5–100. Retrieved from
  16. FAO (2005) Statistics division, food security statistics, food consumption. Retrieved from
  17. FAO/WHO (2004) Summary of evaluations performed by the joint FAO/WHO expert committee on food additives (JECFA 1956–2003. Retrieved from
  18. Guérin T, Chekri R, Vastel C, Sirot V, Volatier JL, Leblanc JC, Noël L (2011) Determination of 20 trace elements in fish and other seafood from the French market. Food Chem 127(3):934–942CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ikem A, Egiebor NO (2005) Assessment of trace elements in canned fishes (mackerel, tuna, salmon, sardines and herrings) marketed in Georgia and Alabama (United States of America). J Food Compos Anal 18(8):771–787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Jimoh AA, Clarke E, Ndimele PE, Kumolo-Johnson CA, FA A (2011) Concentrations of heavy metals in Macrobrachium vollenhovenii (Herklots, 1857) from Epe Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria. Res J Environ Earth Sci 3(3):197–202Google Scholar
  21. Kalay M, Ay Ö, Canli M (1999) Heavy metal concentrations in fish tissues from the Northeast Mediterranean Sea. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 63(5):673–681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kalogeropoulos N, Karavoltsos S, Sakellari A, Avramidou S, Dassenakis M, Scoullos M (2012) Heavy metals in raw, fried and grilled Mediterranean finfish and shellfish. Food Chem Toxicol 50(10):3702–3708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Karayakar F, Karaytug S, Cicik B, Erdem C, Ay O, Ciftci N (2010) Heavy metal levels in five species of fish caught from Mersin Gulf. Fresenius Environ Bull 19(10):2222–2226Google Scholar
  24. Karayakar F, Bavbek O, Cicik B (2017) Mersin Körfezi’nde Avlanan Balık Türlerindeki Ağır Metal Düzeyleri. J Aquac Eng Fish Res 3(3):141–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Killilea DW, Atamna H, Liao C, Ames BN (2003) Iron accumulation during cellular senescence in human fibroblasts in vitro. Antioxid Redox Signal 5(5):507–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Korkmaz C, Ay Ö, Çolakfakioğlu C, Cicik B, Erdem C (2017) Heavy metal levels in muscle tissues of Solea solea, Mullus barbatus, and Sardina pilchardus marketed for consumption in Mersin, Turkey. Water Air Soil Pollut 228(8):315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lau S, Tan ACY, Sabtuyah S (1996) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in mollusca from Sg. Sarawak. Malays J Anal Sci 2(2):365–371Google Scholar
  28. Lau S, Mohamed M, Yen ATC, Su'Ut S (1998) Accumulation of heavy metals in freshwater molluscs. Sci Total Environ 214(1):113–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Levesque HM, Moon TW, Campbell PGC, Hontela A (2002) Seasonal variation in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism of yellow perch (Perca flavescens) chronically exposed to metals in the field. Aquat Toxicol 60(3):257–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Maanan M (2008) Heavy metal concentrations in marine molluscs from the Moroccan coastal region. Environ Pollut 153(1):176–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Miedico O, Iammarino M, Pompa C, Tarallo M, Chiaravalle AE (2015) Assessment of lead, cadmium and mercury in seafood marketed in Puglia and Basilicata (Italy) by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Food Addit Contam: Part B 8(2):85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Muramoto S (1983) Elimination of copper from Cu-contaminated fish by long-term exposure to EDTA and fresh water. J Environ Sci Health A 18(3):455–461Google Scholar
  33. Türkmen M, Türkmen A, Tepe Y, Töre Y, Ateş A (2009) Determination of metals in fish species from Aegean and Mediterranean seas. Food Chem 113(1):233–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yusa V, Suelves T, Ruiz-Atienza L, Cervera ML, Benedito V, Pastor A (2008) Monitoring programme on cadmium, lead and mercury in fish and seafood from Valencia, Spain: levels and estimated weekly intake. Food Addit Contam 1(1):22–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cengiz Korkmaz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Özcan Ay
    • 1
  • Coşkun Çolakfakıoğlu
    • 1
  • Cahit Erdem
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of FisheriesMersin UniversityMersinTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Science and LettersÇukurova UniversityAdanaTurkey

Personalised recommendations