Efficiency Assignment of Hydropower Plants by DEMATEL-MAPPAC Approach

  • Priyanka Majumder
  • Apu Kumar Saha
Original Paper


The ever-growing demand for luxury has increased the stress on conventional energy sources and encourages scientists and engineers to look for alternatives. Hydro power is by far the most inexpensive but reliable source of energy which is deemed to have the capacity to substitute for conventional energy sources. The worldwide contribution of hydro power plants (HPP) in supplying the demand for electricity is 1106 TWh. The problem with hydro power lies with the fact that its efficiency depends on multiple factors which are a function of climatic, hydraulic and socio-economic parameters. All these parameters again depend upon hydraulic loss imposed due to time in use, change in energy requirements, locational interference and quality of the machine installed. The operational efficiency of hydro power plants depends on various factors with different levels of influence but till now extensive numerical or computational models for identification of most significant parameter is rarely developed. The need of perceptive and objective numerical frameworks for feature selection of a renewable energy system is gradually increasing with growing dependence on renewable power for socio-economical sustenance. That is why the present study proposes a new hybrid model based on Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL) with Multi-criterion Analysis of Preferences by Means of Pairwise Actions and Criterion Comparisons method (MAPPAC). The sensitivity of each of the criteria is objectively defined by the implementation of the former method whereas the importance of the input variables for representation of plant performance is carried out by the MAPPAC method. According to the results of this study, the efficiency of the generator would be the most significant factor to increase the output of HPPs.


Efficiency Hydropower DEMATEL MAPPAC 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsNational Institute of TechnologyJiraniaIndia

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