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MOFs-Based Catalysts Supported Chemical Conversion of CO2

  • 221 Accesses

Abstract

The dramatic increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations has attracted human attention and many strategies about converting CO2 into high-value chemicals have been put forward. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), as a class of versatile materials, have been widely used in CO2 capture and chemical conversion, due to their unique porosity, multiple active centers and good stability and recyclability. Herein, we focused on the processes of chemical conversion of CO2 by MOFs-based catalysts, including the coupling reactions of epoxides, aziridines or alkyne molecules, CO2 hydrogenation, and other CO2 conversion reactions. The synthesized methods and high catalytic activity of MOFs-based materials were also analyzed systematically. Finally, a brief perspective on feasible strategies is presented to improve the catalytic activity of novel MOFs-based materials and explore the new CO2 conversion reactions.

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Fig. 1

Adapted from Ref. [24]. Copyright 2009 Royal Society of Chemistry

Fig. 2

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [32]. Copyright 2015 Wiley–VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Fig. 3

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [48]. Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society

Fig. 4

Minor modification and permission reproduction from Ref. [80]. Copyright 2016 American Chemical Society

Fig. 5

Minor modification and permission reproduction from Ref. [82]. Copyright 2014 Wiley–VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Fig. 6

Adapted from Refs. [88] and [90]. Copyright 2016 and 2017 American Chemical Society

Fig. 7

Adapted from Ref. [95]. Copyright 2017 Wiley–VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Fig. 8

Adapted from Ref. [97]. Copyright 2015, Macmillan Publishers Limited

Fig. 9

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [115]. Copyright 2016 American Chemical Society

Fig. 10

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [123]. Copyright 2016 Royal Society of Chemistry

Fig. 11

Adapted from Ref. [134]. Copyright 2018 Partner Organisations

Fig. 12

Minor modification and permission reproduction from Ref. [158]. Copyright 2017 Royal Society of Chemistry

Fig. 13

Minor modification and permission reproduction from Ref. [178]. Copyright 2019 Wiley–VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Fig. 14

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [186]. Copyright 2016 Wiley–VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Fig. 15

Adapted from Ref. [187]. Copyright 2017 Wiley–VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Fig. 16

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [202]. Copyright 2019 Wiley–VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Fig. 17

Minor modification and permission reproduction from Ref. [211]. Copyright 2018 Royal Society of Chemistry

Fig. 18

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [226]. Copyright 2017 Royal Society of Chemistry and Chinese Chemical Society

Fig. 19

Minor modification and permission reproduction from Ref. [227]. Copyright 2017 WILEY–VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Fig. 20

Minor modification and permission reproduction from Ref. [232]. Copyright 2019 Royal Society of Chemistry

Fig. 21

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [234]. Copyright 2017 American Chemical Society

Fig. 22

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [240]. Copyright 2017 American Chemical Society

Fig. 23

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [242]. Copyright 2016 American Chemical Society

Fig. 24

Reprinted with permission from Ref. [251]. Copyright 2016 Wiley–VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the NSFC (Grants 21625103, 21571107 and 21421001), the National Programs of the NanoKet Project (2017YFA0206700), and 111 Project (B12015).

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Correspondence to Xiaohang Qiu or Bin Zhao.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection “Metal–Organic Framework: From Design to Applications”; edited by Xian-He Bu, Michael J. Zaworotko, and Zhenjie Zhang.

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Shi, Y., Hou, S., Qiu, X. et al. MOFs-Based Catalysts Supported Chemical Conversion of CO2. Top Curr Chem (Z) 378, 11 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41061-019-0269-9

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Keywords

  • Metal–organic frameworks
  • Heterogeneous catalyst
  • CO2 conversion