Topics in Current Chemistry

, 377:33 | Cite as

Current Status of Microporous Metal–Organic Frameworks for Hydrocarbon Separations

  • Jiyan Pei
  • Kai Shao
  • Ling Zhang
  • Hui-Min Wen
  • Bin LiEmail author
  • Guodong Qian
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Metal-Organic Framework: From Design to Applications


Separation of hydrocarbon mixtures into single components is a very important industrial process because all represent very important energy resources/raw chemicals in the petrochemical industry. The well-established industrial separation technology highly relies on the energy-intensive cryogenic distillation processes. The discovery of new materials capable of separating hydrocarbon mixtures by adsorbent-based separation technologies has the potential to provide more energy-efficient industrial processes with remarkable energy savings. Porous metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), also known as porous coordination polymers, represent a new class of porous materials that offer tremendous promise for hydrocarbon separations because of their easy tunability, designability, and functionality. A number of MOFs have been designed and synthesized to show excellent separation performance on various hydrocarbon separations. Here, we summarize and highlight some recent significant advances in the development of microporous MOFs for hydrocarbon separation applications.


Metal–organic framework Hydrocarbon separation Molecular sieving Ethylene Propylene 



4-(4-Pyridyl) benzoic acid


1,4-Benzenedicarboxylic acid


5-tert-Butyl-1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid
















4,4′-Biphenyldicarboxylic acid




4,6-Dioxido-1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid




Isonicotinic acid


Quinolone-5-carboxylic acid


Isophthalic acid


2,5-Dioxido-1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid




3,3′,5,5′-Azobenzene-tetracarboxylic acid










3,3′,5,5′-Biphenyltetracarboxylic acid























This research was supported by the “National 1000 Young Talent Program”, the “Zhejiang University 100 Talent Program”, the National Science Foundation of China (51803179), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2018QNA4010).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiyan Pei
    • 1
  • Kai Shao
    • 1
  • Ling Zhang
    • 1
  • Hui-Min Wen
    • 2
  • Bin Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guodong Qian
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, School of Materials Science and EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.College of Chemical EngineeringZhejiang University of TechnologyZhejiangPeople’s Republic of China

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