The Indian Journal of Labour Economics

, Volume 62, Issue 4, pp 749–762 | Cite as

From Farmland to Wasteland: A Study of Out-migration

  • Roli MisraEmail author
Research Note


This paper is based on the findings from the field survey conducted in Barpeta and Lucknow between June 2017 and May 2018. The objective is to know the reasons and background of migration of approximately more than 90,000 people who have been migrating from Barpeta to Lucknow for last two decades. All are Bengali Muslims (of East Bengal origin) coming from Lower Assam who are called Miya Muslims. In order to analyse the objectives and test the hypotheses, the logistic model has been used. The results indicate that income prospects and ownership of land in Assam are important variables among other variables to decide the course of out-migration. The study group in discussion is often perceived as illegal immigrants entering Assam from bordering Bangladesh and is labelled as Bangladeshis in and outside Assam. There is an urgent need for state intervention to improve their condition and recognize them in the mainstream development policies.


Migration Assam Illegal immigrants Barpeta Chars D-voter Slums Lucknow Waste picker 



This paper has emerged from the project sponsored by ICSSR, New Delhi, F. No. 02/225/2016-17/ICSSR/RP. The period of the survey was from June 2017 to May 2018. The author is grateful to Dr. Nagendra Kumar Maurya, Department of Applied Economics, University of Lucknow, for his inputs on the earlier draft, Rahul Yadav, Research Associate, and Shipra Srivastava, Research Assistant, for assisting in the field survey and data analysis.


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Copyright information

© Indian Society of Labour Economics 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of LucknowLucknowIndia

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