PI, PD and PID Controllers Using Single DVCCTA

  • Prakhar Shrivastava
  • Sagar Surendra
  • Rajeev Kumar RanjanEmail author
  • Abhishek Shrivastav
  • Bindu Priyadarshini
Research Paper


This paper presents differential voltage current conveyor transconductance amplifier (DVCCTA)-based proportional–derivative (PD), proportional–integral (PI) and proportional–integral–derivative controllers (PID) with electronic tunability. CMOS-based DVCCTA used in the proposed structure is more attractive for IC implementation since all the passive components are grounded. The proportional gain, the integral and derivative time constants can be independently controlled. This paper also presents PD, PI and PID controllers in a single unit using modified DVCCTA. One of the three controllers can be operated at a time by appropriate connection to the input terminals C1, C2 and C3. The analysis of theoretically proposed circuit has been simulated through PSPICE simulations using 0.25 µm Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company CMOS technology parameter.


Current-mode circuits Controller Differential voltage current conveyor transconductance amplifier 


  1. Ashraf J, Alam MS, Rathee D (2011) A new proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller realization by using current conveyor. Int J Electron Eng 3(2):237–240Google Scholar
  2. Astrom KJ, Hagglund T (1995) PID controller: theory, design, and tuning, 2nd edn. International Society of Automation, SIA, Research Triangle ParkGoogle Scholar
  3. Awad IA, Soliman AM (1999) Inverting second generation current conveyors: the missing building blocks, CMOS realizations and applications. Int J Electron 86(4):413–432CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bennette S (1993) Development of the PID controller. IEEE Control Syst Mag Eur Control Conf 13(6):58–62Google Scholar
  5. Biolek D (2003) CDTA-building block for current-mode analog signal processing. In: Proceedings of the European conference on circuit theory and design, Krakow, pp 397–400Google Scholar
  6. Cevat E, Ali T, Cevdet A (2001) OTA-C based proportion-integral-derivative (PID) controller and calculating optimum parameter tolerances. Turk J Electr Eng 9(2):189–198Google Scholar
  7. Chein HC, Chen CY (2014) CMOS realization of single-resistance controlled and variable frequency dual-mode sinusoidal oscillators employing a single DVCCTA with all-grounded passive components. Microelectron J 45(2):226–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chiu W, Lin SI, Tsao HW, Chen JJ (1996) CMOS differential difference current conveyor and their applications. IEE Proc Circuits Devices Syst 143(2):91–96CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  9. Elwan HO, Soliman AM (1997) Novel CMOS differential voltage current conveyor and its applications. IEEE Proc Circuits Devices Syst 144(3):195–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Erdal C, Toker A, Acar C (2001) A new current-feedback amplifiers (CFA) based proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller realization and calculating optimum parameter tolerances. J Appl Sci 2(1):56–59Google Scholar
  11. Erdal C, Kuntman H, Kafali S (2004) A current controlled conveyor based proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller. J Electr Electron Eng 4(2):1243–1248Google Scholar
  12. Fabre A, Saaid O, Wiest F, Boucheron C (1996) High frequency applications based on a new current controlled conveyor. IEEE Trans Circuit Syst I 43(2):82–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Franco S (2002) Design with operational amplifiers and analog integrated circuits, 3rd edn. McGraw Hill Publication, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  14. Geiger RL, Sanchez-Sinencio E (1985) Active filter design using operational transconductance amplifiers: a tutorial. IEEE Circuits Devices Mag 1(2):20–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jantakun A, Pisutthipong N, Siripruchyanun M (2009) A Synthesis of temperature insensitive/electronically controllable floating simulators based on DV-CCTAs. In: 6th International conference on electrical engineering/electronics, computer, telecommunications, and information technology, Pattaya, Thailand, pp 560–563Google Scholar
  16. Johnson MA, Moradi MH (2005) PID control new identification and design methods. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  17. Keskin AU (2006) Design of a PID controller circuit employing CDBAs. Int J Electr Eng Educ 43(1):48–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Khateb F, Kumngern M, Vlassis S, Psychalinos C, Kulej T (2015) Sub-volt fully balanced differential difference amplifier. Circuits Syst Comput 24(1):1–18Google Scholar
  19. Khateb F, Kulej T, Kumngern M, Kledrowetz V (2017) Low-voltage diode-less rectifier based on fully differential difference transconductance amplifier. Circuits Syst Comput 26(11):1–8Google Scholar
  20. Kumngern M (2013) Voltage-mode PID controller using DDCCs and all grounded passive components. In: Proceedings of IEEE international conference on circuits and systems, Malaysia, pp 13–16Google Scholar
  21. Kumngern M, Torteanchai U (2014) FDCCII-based P, PI, PD and PID controllers. In: Proceedings of 2014 4th international conference on digital information and communication technology and its applications (DICTAP), pp 415–418Google Scholar
  22. Lahiri A, Jaikla W, Siripruchyanun M (2010) Voltage-mode quadrature sinusoidal oscillator with current tunable properties. Analog Integr Circuits Signal Process 65(2):321–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Maiti S, Pal RR (2013) Universal biquadratic filter employing single differential voltage current controlled conveyor transconductance amplifier. Lect Notes Photonics Optoelectron 1(2):56–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nandi R, Venkateswaran P, Kar M (2014) MMCC based electronically tunable all pass filters using grounded synthetic inductor. Circuits Syst 5(4):89–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ogata K (2002) Modern control engineering, 4th edn. Prentice Hall, Pearson, Upper Saddle RiverzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  26. Pandey N, Kumar P (2011) Differential voltage current conveyor transconductance amplifier based wave active filter. In: International conference on multimedia, signal processing and communication technologies, pp 95–98Google Scholar
  27. Pandey N, Kapur S, Arora P, Sharma S (2011) MO-CCCCTA based PID controller employing grounded passive elements. In: Proceedings of 2011 2nd international conference on computer and communication technology (ICCCT), pp 270–273Google Scholar
  28. Pandey N, Pandey R, Paul SK (2012) A first order all pass filter and its application in a quadrature oscillator. J Electron Devices 12(1):772–777Google Scholar
  29. Ranjan RK, Rani N, Paul SK, Kanyal G (2017a) Single CCTA based high frequency floating and grounded type of incremental/decremental memristor emulator and its application. Microelectron J 60(1):119–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ranjan RK, Raj N, Bhuwal N, Khateb F (2017b) Single DVCCTA based high frequency incremental/decremental memristor emulator and its application. Int J Electron Commun (AEU) 82(1):177–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ratale JS, Mungona SS (2014) Active filter based on differential voltage current conveyor transconductance amplifier (DVCCTA). Int J Adv Res Comput Sci Softw Eng 4(1):329–335Google Scholar
  32. Sedra AS, Smith KC (1970) A second generation current conveyor and its application. IEEE Trans Circuit Theory CT-17(1):132–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Srisakultiew S, Siripruchyanun M (2013) A synthesis of electronically controllable current-mode PI, PD and PID controllers employing CCCDBAs. Circuits Syst 4(1):287–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Toumazou C, Pyne A (1994) Current feedback op-amp: a blessing in disguise? IEEE Circuits Devices Mag 10:43–47Google Scholar
  35. Wang Z (1999) 2-MOSFET transistor with extremely low distortion for output reaching supply voltage. Electron Lett 26(25):951–952Google Scholar
  36. Yuce E, Tokat S, Kizilkaya A, Cicekoglu O (2006) CCII-based PID controllers employing grounded passive components. Int J Electron Commun 60(5):399–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Shiraz University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prakhar Shrivastava
    • 1
  • Sagar Surendra
    • 1
  • Rajeev Kumar Ranjan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abhishek Shrivastav
    • 1
  • Bindu Priyadarshini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronics EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (ISM)DhanbadIndia

Personalised recommendations