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Enhanced Biosurfactant Production by Bacillus pumilus 2IR in Fed-Batch Fermentation Using 5-L Bioreactor

  • Tayebeh Fooladi
  • Peyman Abdeshahian
  • Nasrin Moazami
  • Mohammad Reza Soudi
  • Abudukeremu Kadier
  • Wan Mohtar Wan Yusoff
  • Aidil Abdul Hamid
Research Paper
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

The enhancement of the production of lipopeptide biosurfactant by Bacillus pumilus 2IR as an oil field-isolated bacterium was investigated in the fed-batch fermentation using a 5-L bioreactor. The initial study on the culture medium composition used for biosurfactant synthesis revealed that biosurfactant production was greatly affected by glucose, crude oil, potassium nitrate and ammonium sulfate as pivotal carbon and nitrogen sources which were utilized for biosurfactant synthesis in the bioreactor. The results obtained from the batch fermentation process in the bioreactor showed that the quantities of biomass and biosurfactant produced were 4.15 and 0.98 g/L, respectively. Similar results revealed that fed-batch fermentation led to the production of 5.71 g/L biomass and 1.06 g/L biosurfactant in the bioreactor.

Keywords

Biosurfactant Fed-batch fermentation Bacillus pumilus 2IR Oil field Bioreactor 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors sincerely acknowledge University Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia).

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Copyright information

© Shiraz University 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological SciencesAlzahra UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Shoushtar BranchIslamic Azad UniversityShoushtarIran
  3. 3.Biotechnology Center Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST)TehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built EnvironmentNational University of Malaysia (Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia)BangiMalaysia
  5. 5.School of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)BangiMalaysia

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