Connecting the Dots: The Spatial Processes Underlying Place-Level Diversity Change in U.S. Metros Between 1990 and 2010
Entropy is a crucial measure used to describe expanding ethnoracial diversity in the United States in recent decades. However, this measure changes in complex ways contingent on the starting levels of diversity in a place and on the ethnoracial composition of that place. Careful examination of the behavior of Entropy indicates an uneven relationship between compositional shifts in population and shifts in Entropy. We note differences based on the majority population and a tendency for high diversity locations to become less diverse over time. Moreover, adjacent places tend to move together towards greater or lesser diversity with both metropolitan and sub-metropolitan processes leading to correlations in diversity change across decades. Using place level data from the 1990 and 2010 decennial Censuses we quantify these patterns of change and association with the goal of increasing knowledge of baseline conditions so that Entropy can be used with greater nuance in the future.
KeywordsDiversity Race Urban
Funding was provided by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Grant Nos. R01HD074605 and R24HD041025).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
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