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International Journal of Metalcasting

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 715–724 | Cite as

Metalcasting Industry Research

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AFS directly funds research projects from allocation of a portion of the annual dues paid by AFS Corporate Membership. In addition, AFS is involved in several research partnerships funded through government funding and industry contributions and other means. Support of research is critical for North America to maintain a strong, vibrant, healthy and continually advancing metalcasting industry. AFS participates in these projects by securing industry partners and providing technical management and oversight. AFS is currently active in two metalcasting research funding partnerships.

American Metalcasting Consortium/Defense Logistics Agency-Funded Projects

AFS is a partner in the American Metalcasting Consortium (AMC.) AMC is funded through the US Department of Defense (DOD), Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). The American Metalcasting Consortium provides direct support to the DLA through new technology, improved processes, and technical expertise in the procurement of metalcastings to ensure warfighter readiness. AFS is managing two projects under the current AMC program, entitled Innovative Casting Technology.

Casting Alloy Data Search (CADS)

AFS through AMC/DLA has developed a very effective Web-based tool called Casting Alloy Data Search (CADS) for the design engineers and ICME professionals, which has been used for over 5 years by the foundry industry and accessible through their Web site. CADS needs to further expand to accommodate more ICME relevant data generation for optimization and more accurate predictions, such as thermophysical and thermomechanical properties required for process simulation, beyond casting alloys, for example, molding materials. The goal of this research project is to enhance the current CADS and create an additional module of CADS for the nonmetallics, such as molding and core materials being used in the sandcasting process and populate by generating and validating data useful to the ICME professionals. CADS is developed in partnership with Product Development & Analysis (PDA).

Integration of ICME Tools in Casting Design and Process Optimization for Intelligent Manufacturing

The project will develop an effective and integrated ICME framework as an approach to make more efficient casting designs and improved manufacturing approaches. Current physics-based simulation tools are limited to simulate for a few, finite known process variabilities, but do not account for many more process variables, including dimensional, compositional and section thickness variability inherent to the metal casting process. A comprehensive approach of physics-based simulation with probabilistic metamodeling using historic data is unique and will allow for rapid and more accurate predictions.

Advanced Casting Research Center (ACRC)

The Advanced Casting Research Center (ACRC) is a collaboration of companies to fund and promote research addressing the global foundry industry. ACRC brings fundamental understanding to existing processes, develops new methods and addresses management–technology interface issues with industrial partners. ACRC helps the industry resolve technical issues by bringing members, WPI faculty and staff together to discuss and brainstorm solutions.

About the ACRC: The ACRC, founded in 1985, is an academic-industry partnership headquartered on the campus of Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Worcester, Mass. Built on the university’s strengths and focused on helping industry solve technical issues, the center provides a collaborative environment in which members, faculty, and students discuss challenges in the metal casting industry, specifically in the areas of light metals, non-ferrous alloys, and semi-solid processing.

Current ACRC Funded Projects:
  • Al-Based High-Entropy Alloys (ACRC) This is an exploratory project to investigate the Al-based HEAs. The aim is to develop a new set of alloys with either high stiffness, both good ductility and strength, or excellent creep resistance at high temperatures (> 300 °C).

  • Big Data for Assessment and Enhancement of Casting Processes (ACRC) Modern foundries have the capability to capture a vast amount of process data on a daily basis. However, the data from various sources throughout the operation are often kept in silos where their value might have limited utility. This is especially true when there are no significant quality issues arising to motivate a holistic interrogation of these data. It is a lost opportunity for the foundry if there is no way to compile, fuse, and analyze these data to better understand the process factors influencing the quality of castings.

  • Heat Treatment (ACRC)-still under Development

  • Castable High-Strength Al–Mg–Zn Alloys development (ACRC) Develop a castable high-strength and a high-ductility aluminum alloy, which has:
    • Good castability. Hot tearing and fluidity indices to be significantly better than A206 alloy

    • 40 Ksi (276 MPa) yield strength at room temperature

    • 60 Ksi (414) ultimate tensile strength at room temperature

    • 10% elongation at room temperature

  • Multi-Material Metal Casting (ACRC) The scope of this project is to develop a ferrous insert that promotes the growth of a strong metallurgical bond with the aluminum during the casting process.

  • Residual Stress in Al Castings (ACRC) The goal of this study is to measure and predict residual stresses in aluminum cast parts. It is important to understand the factors that affect the stresses in aluminum casting and to develop data that can be used in simulation technologies.

  • Magnesium LPSO Cerium Alloy Development (ACRC) This project will provide a new high-performance Magnesium LPSO Cerium Alloy via the ICME approach:
    • The adoption of the ICME approach will greatly speed up the evaluation of new alloy chemistries.

    • A new Magnesium LPSO Cerium Alloy with high yield strength/elongation and wide operation temperature range will be developed.

  • Green and Clean Al–Cu Alloys (ACRC) This is a fundamental project to establish the root cause of the problem and to recommend a green and clean method to process Cu-containing Al alloys during molten stage.

  • Projects Leveraged with Funding from Federal Agencies and Industry
    • DOD Mobile Foundry: Agile Production (SERDP)

    • Cold Spray R&D–with UCI (ARL)

    • Semi-Solid Metal Additive Manufacturing (ARL)

    • In Situ Manufacturing Techniques For Aluminum Matrix Nano-Composites (LIFT)

    • Thin-Wall Aluminum Die Casting—Optimized Heat Treatment (LIFT)

    • Rapid Creation of Tooling with Conformal Cooling (ATI)

    • Knowledge Creation via Data Analytics in a High-Pressure Die Casting Operation (Mercury Marine)

    • Numerical Modeling of Segregation and Shrinkage Porosity Formation in Multicomponent Al alloys (Montupet)

For more information visit: https://wp.wpi.edu/acrc/.

AFS Funded and Monitored Research

AFS directly funds research projects from allocation of a portion of the annual dues paid by AFS Corporate Membership. The current AFS funded research projects are described below.

Effects of Metallurgical Factors on Micro-Porosity in Ductile Iron Castings

Principal Investigator(s): Dr. Simon Lekakh, Research Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology

Cast iron with spherical graphite (SGI) has a unique combination of high strength with good melt fluidity allowing the metalcasting industry to produce complicated geometry castings. There are many successful examples when integrated SGI castings have been substituted for steel stampings or forgings. SGI has less solidification shrinkage than steel; however, it is significantly higher than in gray iron. Currently, foundries use effective techniques to prevent the formation of macro-shrinkage defects in hot spots; however, increasing complexity of ductile iron castings makes it difficult to produce sound castings without more widely distributed micro-porosity. Intensive risering process helps with the elimination of large shrinkage pores but does not always guarantee the absence of micro-porosity. Elimination of micro-porosity will improve casting integrity and increase such important whole casting properties as fatigue life and low-temperature toughness.

The objective of this project is to study metallurgical factors affecting micro-porosity formation in SGI castings using novel experimental and simulation methods. The research will experimentally determine the mutual effects of SGI liquid metal processing on micro-porosity, link solidification kinetics to micro-porosity, suggest methods for controlling micro-porosity in SGI castings, and improve SGI casting soundness.

The work is being monitored by AFS Cast Iron Division. Those interested in more information about the project or how to participate should contact AFS Technical Research Assistant Ryan Davis, (rdavis@afsinc.org).

LFC Aluminum Molds Produced Using Additive Manufacturing

Coordinator: Marshall Miller, Flowserve Inc, Flowserve Corporation

Currently, lost foam tooling is, in general, prohibitively expensive with long lead times associated with complexity of the tool designs, and typically restricted to high-volume production. Significant market is available if the cost of tools and the lead time is brought in-line with conventional casting processes. In order to expand the marketability and viability of the lost foam casting process, this project will demonstrate the production of tools for high-mix low-volume to high-production level tools using 3D-printed aluminum. The project will take into account material durability, material costs, cycle time, equipment costs, and skill level required for production as compared to conventional methods. Aluminum will be tested to find acceptable parameters for cost, delivery, and performance. This will provide insight into the utilization of printed aluminum as a tool material.

The work is being monitored by the AFS Lost Foam Division and the Additive Manufacturing Division. Those interested in more information about the project or how to participate should contact AFS Technical Research Assistant Ryan Davis, (rdavis@afsinc.org).

Lost Foam Process Stainless Steel ASTM A351 CF8M

Coordinator: Marshall Miller, Flowserve Inc, Flowserve Corporation

This project goal is to produce low-carbon (.08% C maximum) stainless steel in the lost foam process. This steel casting market is primarily ruled by the sand and investment casting processes. Sand, while reasonably fast for delivery, especially in 3D-printed core and tool applications, is relatively imprecise compared to lost foam and investment requiring extensive machining of the casting and requires more weight for draft, stock and molding dimensional issues. Investment, while precise, has size and cost limitations. While there have been examples of success producing ASTM A351 CF8 M grade of stainless steel (.08% C maximum), a sponsored study to develop the necessary parameters for producing stainless steels in the lost foam process has not been performed so that the process can be refined and deployed. Defining the base chemistry metal parameters to accommodate carbon pick up, pattern bead type, and density is not tested and defined aside from tolerable pattern density levels. Coating type and permeability are not yet established nor molding media parameters although they are basically understood. This project will produce ASTM A351 CF8 M Stainless Steel with .08% maximum carbon level in the lost foam process by understanding and implementing practices of bead selection, bead expansion, expanded bead density, permeability and fusion, coatings and their permeability, carbon consuming additives, metal pouring rates and base composition, and molding media refractoriness and permeability.

The work is being monitored by AFS Lost Foam Division. Those interested in more information about the project or how to participate should contact AFS Technical Research Assistant Ryan Davis, (rdavis@afsinc.org).

Development of Improved Repair Welding Alloy and Process for Al–Cu Sand Castings

Principal Investigator(s): David Weiss, Eck Industries; Thomas Wood, Michigan Technological University

Current practices to weld 206 alloy castings, particularly for repair of through wall defects or defect depths of greater than 0.25”, result in unsatisfactory welds. Both 206 and 2319 weld rod are typically used for repair welding of 206 castings. A recent project to determine the effect of weld repair on the static & dynamic properties of A206 sand castings did not successfully produce welds of the desired quality. The work determined that the major problem is the chemistry of the weld wire used to make the welds. The two alloys currently used by AFS foundries (A206 and 2319) either produce inconsistent weld quality (A206) or low ultimate tensile strength (2319).

To mitigate the effects of weld wire chemistry and other variables on weld repair quality, this project will utilize a set of statistically designed experiments to optimize a weld alloy chemistry and the welding parameters necessary for the successful weld repair of A206 sand castings. The key objectives are:
  • Develop new weld wire alloy.

  • Develop improved repair welding practices.

  • Establish effect of welding parameters on weld quality.

  • Determine the effects of homogenizing post-weld heat treats.

  • Determine effect of weld repair on tensile properties of A206 sand castings.

The work is being monitored by AFS Aluminum Division. Those interested in more information about the project or how to participate should contact AFS Technical Research Assistant Ryan Davis, (rdavis@afsinc.org).

Effect of Filling Conditions on Steel Casting Quality

Principal Investigator(s): Dr. Laura Bartlett, Dr. Mingzhi Xu, Missouri University of Science and Technology

Recent understanding on the effect of filling conditions on casting surface and performance of aluminum castings has resulted in design of new gating systems that eliminate damaged metal, greatly increasing casting quality and yield. It has been proposed by recent researchers that nearly all surface and internal defects in steel castings result from air entrainment during turbulent filling conditions causing unnecessary weld repair, low mechanical properties, and customer rejections. Novel gating systems have been boasted by some to greatly reduce oxide and gas defects and completely eliminate the need for post-welding of steel castings. However, there has never been a quantitative study to determine the effectiveness of these gating systems for steel castings and the impact of filling conditions on actual steel quality is currently unknown.

The purpose of the research is to quantitatively evaluate the effect of different filling conditions on steel casting quality and mechanical properties. A series of test castings will be produced utilizing different rigging systems commonly used in steel foundries. Filling of gating systems such as direct pour, horizontally gated, and bottom gated systems will be designed using filling and solidification software. The results of casting trials will be compared to the use of best practices design involving bottom fill utilizing vortex gating. The objective will be to quantitatively compare casting metal quality and filling simulation results for a variety of filling conditions utilizing a combination of optical metallography, automated nonmetallic inclusion analysis, and evaluation of mechanical properties.

This project is being monitored by the AFS Steel Division. Those wishing more information about the project or how to participate should contact AFS Technical Research Assistant Ryan Davis, (rdavis@afsinc.org).

Air Sampling Method for OSHA Silica Compliance

Coordinators: Robert Scholz, TRC Environmental, and AFS EHS Division

OSHA’s new worker exposure standard for respirable, crystalline silica requires that foundries limit exposure during work shifts to about one-half the concentration level of the previous Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL). Meeting this strict standard will necessitate that foundries refine their ability to identify and address root causes of exposure. Unfortunately, the method of averaging silica exposure over the work shift does not provide a basis for pinpointing those activities that have the greatest impact on overall average exposure levels. Real-time monitoring of silica concentrations could provide the needed diagnostic capability. However, this method is only in the developmental stage at this time. Instruments are commercially available to measure the concentration of silica-bearing respirable particulate matter (RPM). If real-time RPM measurements can be correlated with its silica content in a foundry situation, the needed capability for diagnosing the root causes of exposure could be made available to foundries. The goal of the project emanating from this proposal is to develop a procedure for providing the needed correlation in a wide variety of foundry process operations.

The work is being monitored by AFS Environmental Health and Safety Division. For more information, contact the PI Robert Scholz at rscholz@trcsolutions.com or AFS Technical Research Assistant Ryan Davis, (rdavis@afsinc.org).

Quantify Casting Quality Through Filling Conditions

Coordinators: Dan Hoefert, Eck Industries, and AFS Aluminum & Light Metals Division

Today, predicting the actual filling damage that oxides may cause to a casting remains largely based on theory, experience and speculation. In the past decade, great strides have been made in simulation capabilities. Heat transfer data and computational fluid flow have been combined to do a wonderful job of predicting porosity and mechanical properties. Filling concerns such as excessive filling velocity, eddies and other turbulent conditions can also be noted with simulation software. However, simulation software does not take the chemical reaction of oxide formation into account. Filling results only offer an indirect indication of the potential oxide damage, with no effect to the predicted porosity or mechanical results. As such, serious pitfalls can exist when it comes to interpreting simulation results.

Without correlating filling concerns related to oxide damage, misleading simulation results can be predicted. If a gating design includes well-placed feeders and chills, but includes turbulent filling conditions, simulation can falsely predict excellent soundness and mechanical properties; despite the filling damage noted indirectly by viewing the filling results. As foundries look for competitive ways to tool and fill castings, this confusion can tempt a foundry to choose a more turbulent-fill gating design if the simulation results predict quality advantages over a more tranquil-fill gating design. This project is intended to help answer these difficult questions with meaningful data that can be used to quantify these concerns.

The project is being monitored by AFS Aluminum & Light Metals Division. Those wishing more information about the project can contact the PI Dan Hoefert at Dan.Hoefert@eckindustries.com or AFS Technical Research Assistant Ryan Davis, (rdavis@afsinc.org).

AFS Information Services

Casting Process and Alloy Assistance

The American Foundry Society Web site provides tools to assist casting design engineers in selecting the best casting process for a potential component, and also provides casting alloy property data on many commonly used alloys. The goal is to give casting users, design engineers, and purchasers relevant and accurate information on casting capabilities and properties, providing easily accessible and retrievable information from a single site. The alloy property data can be quickly exported to a spreadsheet or FEA tools. The casting alloy & process selector, Casting Alloy Data Search (CADS), is located on the AFS Web site, www.afsinc.org under the tabs: Designers & Buyers tab or can be accessed directly at: http://www.metalcastingvirtuallibrary.com/cads/cads.aspx. For more information, contact Steve Robison, AFS Chief Technical Services Officer, at 847-824-0181 ext. 227, or srobison@afsinc.org.

Casting Source Directory

The Casting Source Directory is also available to the public on the AFS Web site. The site provides a directory of North American metalcasters in a single source. Potential casting buyers can search by metal, alloy, casting process, casting size (weight), and US state to locate a casting provider that meets their needs. The Casting Source Directory is located on the AFS Web site under the Designers & Buyers tab or can be accessed directly at https://www.afsinc.org/metalcaster-directory. For more information, contact Steve Robison, AFS Chief Technical Services Officer, at 847-824-0181 ext. 227, or srobison@afsinc.org.

CastingConnection

CastingConnection is a private, professional social network to connect, engage, and share critical industry information and best practices in real time. Through the Open Forum and sites devoted to our special interest groups, members gather to network via a comprehensive member directory, and participate in focused discussion groups. AFS members access and share useful, informative documents and media in all formats. Visit https://castingconnection.afsinc.org.

Library

The new AFS online library serves the needs of the metalcasting industry for current and historic information on metallurgy, casting processes and material property data. The digital library is open to all AFS members. With a simple-to-use search, members have access to relevant technical and research articles and reports from all AFS published sources. Author and summary information is available for viewing and full articles can be downloaded. All technical and management papers published in AFS Transactions, from the very first edition (published in 1896) to the present, are available, as well as technical articles from all AFS magazines. Hundreds of members have already leveraged this resource, conducting thousands of searches that span topics ranging from iron inoculation to silica exposure to gating and risering design. The library is located on the AFS Web site (www.afsinc.org) under the “Innovation & Management” tab. The library also includes summary information for technical articles published in the International Journal of Metalcasting. For more information, contact the AFS Technical Research Assistant Ryan Davis at 847-824-0181 ext. 219, or rdavis@afsinc.org.

e-Learning

AFS has launched a new program that offers industry-specific training, information and education for metalcasters in a Web-based format for a single access fee. The e-Learning program gives subscribing organizations full access to online modules for formal staff training on a wide variety of metalcasting topics. Individual e-Learning modules also are available a la carte. More information and a video demonstration are available at www.afsinc.org/e-learning.

Casting Design Training

The Institute of the American Foundry Society is partnering with the company NoRedesign.com to offer on-line education to support original equipment manufacturers and their design engineers. The partnership is formed expressly to support training for OEMs that will greatly enhance the design of components for the casting process. The training offers a suite of 32 instructional videos walking the listener through each step of casting design and engineering, assisting design engineers to reduce final assembled component costs through effective design principles. With this methodology and training, users will avoid product launch delays, costly overruns, suboptimal components, and failed prototypes. For more information, contact the AFS Institute (847-824-0181) or Clarence Trowbridge, AFS Vice President of Education and Workforce Development, at ctrowbridge@afsinc.org.

AFS Technology Transfer

AFS CastExpo and 123rd AFS Metalcasting Congress

More than 5000 representatives of the metalcasting industry supply chain attended the recent CastExpo 2019 in Atlanta GA, USA. Attendees were part of the largest North American gathering of the metalcasting supply chain. The event featured full-scale exhibits, cutting-edge technology demos, and new equipment and materials, and many education sessions highlighting new development, breaking research and practical best practices for improving foundry operations, quality as business and management issues and special interest groups management. An additional education track was targeted for the needs of casting designers and purchasers. The AFS Hub featured the AFS Bookstore, The AFS Institute, AFS Member Services, and Foundry-in-a-Box Demonstrations. Plan to attend next year’s AFS Metalcasting Congress at Huntington Convention Center, in Cleveland, OH, April 21–23, 2020. The next CastExpo is scheduled for Columbus, Ohio, in 2022. For more information on AFS Metalcasting Congress or CastExpo, Contact Kim Perna at 847-824-0181 x246, or kperna@afsinc.org.

Conferences and Workshops

AFS offers members and industry personnel an extensive program of professional development and learning opportunities in 2019 on a wide variety of topics covering all aspects of metalcasting including casting alloys and technologies, as well as events targeting EHS, management, and marketing professionals. In addition to education events targeting management, marketing, government affairs, human resources and foundry leadership, AFS is sponsoring several workshops and conferences focused on best practices and the latest metalcasting technical developments, metallurgy, production and safety.
  • Future Directions in Steel Casting (July 10, 2019): A 1-day class focused on the future of steel castings. The American Foundry Society has assembled senior steel foundry executives and steel casting academic leaders from around the country to provide a look into the future of steel castings. This interactive seminar will cover new innovations and ground-breaking research and feature an economic forecast for steel castings. For more information, contact AFS Technical assistant Kim Perna (kperna@afsinc.org). To register, call AFS customer service (847-824-0181) or www.afsinc.com/2019fdsc.

  • Copper Alloy Workshop (Sept 1819, 2019): The AFS workshop on casting copper alloys will provide details on commonly poured alloys and metallurgy, with emphasis on best practices for melt cleanliness, pouring and casting process control. Presentations include information on melting and pouring non-leaded alloys, new alloy developments, and the latest research and developments relevant to copper alloy casting. The seminar is geared toward foundry management, supervision, and operators to further their knowledge on copper-based alloy casting processes and help with finding solutions for the foundry.

  • 2nd Carl Loper Cast Iron Symposium (Sept 30Oct 1, 2019): This symposium is co-sponsored by AFS, honoring the late Dr. Carl R. Loper Jr., with the focus to review the fundamentals of cast iron solidification and highlight the latest research, technology and developments in metallurgy, production and applications of the material. Taking advantage of the 10th anniversary of the 1st Carl Loper Symposium held in Madison, Wisconsin (USA), the 2nd Carl Loper Symposium is being held in Bilbao (Spain) and organized by IK4-Azterlan Metallurgy Research Centre, Spain, and includes Keynote Presentations along with invited and contributed papers from leading academic and industrial community.

  • Hit a Home Run Managing Your All-Star Team (July 23, 2019): Come join other metalcasting professionals and talk about topics that impact your organization: Assessing talent, facilitating interviewing, effective training and tracking systems, safety, performance reviews, handling office gossip and terminations. These are just some of the topics that will be discussed at the roundtable on July 23, at Miller Park in Milwaukee. The 1-day interactive roundtable includes lunch and an evening networking event at Miller Park with great seats to see the Milwaukee Brewers host the Cincinnati Reds.

  • 2019 Foundry Leadership Summit (September 2224, 2019): Join us for North America’s premier event for leaders from foundries and supplier companies at the Grand Traverse Resort and Spa in Traverse City, Michigan. The Foundry Leadership Summit features high-level speakers, industry roundtables, and presentations about issues important to metalcasting leaders, including industry innovation, public policies, and economic forecasts.

  • 2019 Safety 101 Seminar (October 67, 2019): This course is designed for people with only a few years of experience in the health and safety field, those new to the metalcasting industry, and those who have worked in a foundry for decades in foundry facilities with direct responsibility for managing safety and health.

  • 31st Environmental, Health, & Safety Conference (October 810, 2019): You can learn about cutting-edge, relevant EHS issues facing metalcasters at the 31st annual Environmental, Health, and Safety Conference. Participants will share case studies of successful EHS projects, network with peers, and meet with vendors of EHS equipment/services.

  • 2019 International Ferrous Melting Conference (October 30–November 1, 2019): The 5th International Ferrous Melting Conference is a 3-day gathering co-sponsored by the AFS Melting Methods and Materials Division. The conference will be held Oct 30–Nov. 1, 2019, in Nashville, Tennessee, USA, with over 200 attendees expected. Speakers from the foundry and related melting industries will focus of the topics of coreless melting, channel furnace melting and holding, pressure pouring, cupola melting, metallurgy, and charge materials.

Web-Based Events

AFS also offers a series of technical webinars. Open to all industry personnel (offered at no-cost to AFS members), the Web-based seminars provide relevant information presented by industry experts on a wide variety of metalcasting subjects. An archive of past webinars is also available. For a full listing of upcoming and past webinars, visit the ‘events’ tab on the AFS Web site at; https://www.afsinc.org/.

Information and Registration

AFS educational events provide relevant and practical information to improve casting quality, productivity and profitability for metalcasting facilities and provide expertise in marketing and management issues. For more information, contact the AFS Technical Assistant, Kim Perna, 847/824-0181 x 246, technicalassistant@afsinc.org, or Chief Technical Services Officer, Steve Robison at 800-537-4237 x227, stever@afsinc.org. For a full listing of AFS educational opportunities, visit the ‘events’ tab on the AFS Web site at; https://www.afsinc.org/.

World Foundry Organization–A Global Resource

The World Foundry Organization founded in 1926 as the CIATF by 8 of the foundry world’s leading technical associations, to assist the industry develop and disseminate technical knowledge, is still going strong over 93 years later.

The WFO now represents the Foundry and cast metals technology associations from over 30 countries, assisting them with networking, knowledge transfer and establishing status. The top foundry producing nations are all represented and meet annually at the General Assembly meeting, held during the World Technical Forum, which in 2019 will be held in conjunction with the Slovenian Foundry Conference September 18th–20th, 2019, in Portoroz Slovenia or at the World Foundry Congress, www.wfc2020.kr which will be in Busan, Korea in October 2020.

The WFO is also a co-sponsor of the upcoming 2nd Carl Loper Cast Iron Symposium September 30–October 1, 2019 in Bilbao, Spain. The WFO works with all of its members to support their activities and to provide additional working groups investigating and problem-solving in key areas of interest, currently the most pressing areas are Skills Development and Education, Sustainability, Environmental and Energy Management, in addition to presenting through publications and conferences, state-of-the-art presentations in the fields of die casting, ferrous and non-ferrous metals, cast composites, and molding materials.

For more information contact the General Secretary, Andrew Turner at Andrew@thewfo.com, or visit the web site www.thewfo.com.

Metalcasting Industry Calendar of Events

2019

Jun 25–29

GIFA, Dusseldorf, Germany

July 10

Future Directions in Steel Castings, AFS Headquarters, Schaumburg, IL

July 23

Hit a Homerun Managing an All-Star Team, Miller Park Baseball Stadium, Milwaukee, WI

Aug 12–13

Chapter Officers Conference, AFS Headquarters, Schaumburg, IL

Sept 18–19

Casting Copper Alloys Workshop, AFS Headquarters, Schaumburg, IL

Sept 18–20

WFO Technical Forum, Slovenia

Sept 22–24

Foundry Leadership Summit, Grand Traverse Resort, Traverse City, MI

Sept. 30–Oct. 1

2nd Carl Loper Cast Iron Symposium, Euskalduna Conference Center, Bilbao, Spain

Oct 6–7

AFS Safety 101 Seminar, Embassy Suites, Louisville, KY

Oct 8–10

AFS 31st Environmental, Health & Safety Conference, Embassy Suites, Louisville, KY

Oct 14–17

Young Professionals Program, Schaumburg, IL

Oct 30–Nov 1

International Ferrous Melting Conference, Sheraton Music City, Nashville, TN

Dec 3–4

Fall ACRC Meeting, WPI Campus Center, Worcester, MA

2020

Jan 24–25

AFS Board of Directors Meeting, The Phoenician, Scottsdale, AZ

Feb 23–27

The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 149th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, San Diego, CA

March 3–4

AFS Foundry Environmental 101 Seminar, AFS Headquarters, Schaumburg, IL

April 21–23

AFS 124th Metalcasting Congress, Huntington Convention Center of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH

May 13–16

Metal + Metallurgy China, Shanghai, China

Sept 14–16

International Manufacturing Technology Show, McCormick Place, Chicago, IL

Oct 18–21

Investment Casting Institute (ICI) World Conference, Disneyland Hotel, Anaheim, CA

Oct 18–22

World Foundry Congress, South Korea

2021

April 13–15

AFS 125th Metalcasting Congress, Wisconsin Center District, Milwaukee, WI

2022

April 23–26

CastExpo 2022 and 126th Metalcasting Congress, Greater, Columbus Convention Center Columbus, OH

For further information on conferences and meetings, please contact the appropriate organization directly at the phone number shown below. Information is updated frequently on the AFS Web site www.afsinc.org.

The Aluminum Association Inc.

703-358-2960

American Metalcasting Consortium

843-760-3219

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

212-705-7100

American Society for Nondestructive Testing

614-274-6003

American Welding Society

305-443-9353

ASM International

440-338-5151

Casting Industry Suppliers Association

815-226-1527

Contract Manufacturers Association

313-643-7187

Ductile Iron Society

440-665-3686

Fabricators & Manufacturers Association

815-399-8700

Foundry Educational Foundation (FEF)

847-490-9200

Industrial Minerals Association—North America

202-457-0200

Investment Casting Institute

291-573-9770

Iron Casting Research Institute

614-275-4201

Iron & Steel Society

412-776-1535

The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS)

724-776-9000

National Industrial Sand Association

202-457-0200

National Safety Council

630-285-1121

National Tooling & Machining Association

301-248-6200

Non-Ferrous Founders’ Society

847-299-0950

North American Die Casting Association

847-279-0001

Society of Automotive Engineers

412-772-7131

SME

800-733-4763

Steel Founders’ Society of America

815-455-8240

Notes

Copyright information

© American Foundry Society 2019

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