Advertisement

International Journal of Metalcasting

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 686–699 | Cite as

Experimental Investigation and Evaluation of Joint Strength of A356/Mg Bimetallic Fabricated Using Compound Casting Process

  • Rajender Kumar TayalEmail author
  • Sudhir Kumar
  • Vikram Singh
  • Anju Gupta
  • Deepa Ujjawal
Article
  • 41 Downloads

Abstract

In the present work, two lighter materials (pure magnesium and aluminum alloy A356) were joined together by vacuum-assisted sand mold compound casting process. The dominating process parameters such as pouring temperature, insert temperature, surface roughness of insert and vacuum pressure were chosen to execute the casting process. Microstructure of joint interface was analyzed by SEM, EDS and XRD techniques. Mechanical properties, namely, microhardness, impact and shear strength of joint, were measured experimentally. The accuracy of experimental data was checked by using response surface methodology. The joint strength of A356/Mg interface was evaluated by applying graph theoretic approach (GTA). A numerical value, joint strength index, was proposed to show the effect of factors and subfactors. Index values of subsystems revealed that shear strength has maximum influence on joint strength followed by microhardness and impact strength. GTA proves an effective tool in estimating the optimum process parameters for compound casting process.

Keywords

compound casting process joint interface microstructure mechanical properties graph theoretic approach 

References

  1. 1.
    M. Paramsothy, N. Srikanth, M. Gupta, J. Alloys Compd. 461, 200 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Senthi, K.S. Amirthagadeswaran, Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 39, 2215 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M.K. Kulekci, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 39, 851 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Liu, D. Ren, F. Liu, Materials 7, 3735 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Cam, G. Ipekoglu, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 91, 1851 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.R. Islam, M. Ishak, L.H. Shah, S.R.A. Idris, C. Meric, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 88, 2773 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. Verma, R.V. Taiwade, C. Reddy, R.K. Khatirkar, Mater. Manuf. Process. 33, 566 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.K. Sharma, K. Bhatt, K. Shah, U. Joshi, Procedia Technol. 23, 566 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. Paradiso, F. Rubino, P. Carlone, G.S. Palazzo, Procedia Eng. 183, 239 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Liu, H. Wang, G. Song, J. Ye, J. Mater. Sci. 42, 565 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Borrisutthekul, Y. Miyashita, Y. Mutoh, Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. 6, 199 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Wang, L. Yajiang, H. Wanqun, React. Kinet. Catal. Lett. 95, 71 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. Peng, L. Yajiang, G. Haoran, W. Juan, Vacuum 80, 395 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R.K. Tayal, S. Kumar, V. Singh, Int. J. Metalcast. 12, 498 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Y. Liu, Y. Chen, C. Yang, AIP Adv. 5, 087147-1 (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. Feng, B. Ye, L. Zuo, Q. Wang, Q. Wang, H. Jiang, W. Ding, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 48A, 4632 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Q.S. Ren, C.Z. Zhao, Z.B. Li, H.X. Zhang, Mater. Res. Innov. 19, S73 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    W. Jiang, G. Li, Y. Wu, X. Liu, Z. Fan, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 258, 239 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. Wang, K. Ma, H. Peng, C. Wu, X. Su, Mater. Manuf. Process. 32, 1290 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Akbarifar, M. Divandari, Int. J. Metalcast. 11, 506 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Pintore, O. Starykov, T. Mittler, W. Volk, B. Tonn, Int. J. Metalcast. 12, 79 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    E. Hajjari, M. Divandari, S.H. Razavi, S.M. Emami, T. Homma, S. Kamado, J. Mater. Sci. 46, 6491 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Fan, W. Jiang, G. Li, J. Mo, Z. Fan, Mater. Manuf. Process. 32, 1391 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    W. Jiang, Z. Fan, G. Li, L. Yang, X. Liu, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 47, 6487 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S.M. Emami, M. Divandari, H. Arabi, E. Hajjari, J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 22, 123 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    G. Li, W. Jiang, Z. Fan, Z. Jiang, X. Liu, F. Liu, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 91, 1355 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Kumar, P. Kumar, H.S. Shan, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 38, 586 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R.V. Rao, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 30, 1101 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    T. Raj, R. Attri, Eur. J. Ind. Eng. 4, 308 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    R.K. Garg, V.P. Agrawal, V.K. Gupta, Int. J. Elec. Power 28, 429 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    R.K. Tayal, S. Kumar, V. Singh, R. Garg, Int. J. Metalcast. (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40962-018-0264-x Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    R.K. Tayal, S. Kumar, V. Singh, Trans. Indian Inst. Met. 71, 2173 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    E. Hajjari, M. Divandari, S.H. Razavi, T. Homma, S. Kamado, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 43, 4667 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    K.J.M. Papis, J.F. Loeffler, P.J. Uggowitzer, Sci. China Ser. E 52, 46 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    B. Singh, J. Kumar, S. Kumar, Mater. Manuf. Process. 30, 303 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    D.C. Montgomery, Design and Analysis of Experiments (Wiley India, New Delhi, 2014)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    K. Jangra, S. Grover, F.T.S. Chan, A. Aggarwal, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 56, 959 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    M. Singh, I.A. Khan, S. Grover, Int. J. Syst. Assur. Eng. Manag. 2, 301 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    R.V. Rao, Decision Making in the Manufacturing Environment: Using Graph Theory and Fuzzy Multiple Attribute Decision Making Methods (Springer, London, 2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© American Foundry Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajender Kumar Tayal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sudhir Kumar
    • 2
  • Vikram Singh
    • 1
  • Anju Gupta
    • 1
  • Deepa Ujjawal
    • 3
  1. 1.YMCA University of Science and TechnologyFaridabadIndia
  2. 2.Greater Noida Institute of TechnologyGreater NoidaIndia
  3. 3.Indian Veterinary Research InstituteBareillyIndia

Personalised recommendations