International Journal of Metalcasting

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 190–200 | Cite as

The Use of Stirring Methods for the Production of SiC-Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Composite and Validation Via Simulation Studies

  • Ugur Aybarc
  • Hakan Yavuz
  • Derya Dispinar
  • Mehmet Ozgur Seydibeyoglu


The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different stirring methods on the mechanical properties of aluminum matrix composites in association with applied and computer-aided simulations. Four kilograms of A356 aluminum alloy was used as the matrix material, and 1 wt% silicon carbide (SiC) with an average particle size of 50–56 μm was used as the additive material. Mechanical, ultrasonic and hybrid (both mechanical and ultrasonic) stirring methods were applied. Mechanical properties were determined by uniaxial tensile testing, and the quality index (QI) was calculated. Compared to the reference sample, QI was increased nearly 34% by using hybrid stirring. In accordance with computational fluid dynamics results, the effectiveness of hybrid stirring was confirmed where SiC particle distribution and dispersion were found to be uniform (homogeneity as 75%). After these detailed investigations, it was found that the optimum properties were obtained by using the hybrid stirring method.


metal matrix composite (MMC) aluminum composite ultrasonic stirrer CFD 



The authors would like to acknowledge Asst. Prof. Dr. Sercan Acarer from Izmir Katip Celebi University, Mechanical Engineering Dept., for his contribution to simulation tests of this study.


  1. 1.
    J.P. Shirsat, A.K. Virkunwar, IJRITCC 4, 100–104 (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. Dispinar, S. Akhtar, A. Nordmark, M. Di Sabatino, L. Arnberg, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 527, 3719–3725 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. Tan, A.R. Tarakcilar, D. Dispinar, Mater. Werkst. 46, 1005–1013 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. Sankar, S.S. Gowda, A. Ramesha, P. Maniiarasan, Anal. Alloys Elem. Mech. Prop. T6 Treat. Alum. Silicon Alloys IJERT 3(1), 515–519 (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    A.A. Hawari, M. Khader, W.E. Hasan, M. Alijla, A. Manawi, A. Benamour, World Acad. Sci. Eng. Technol. Int. J. Mech. Aerosp. Ind. Mechatron. Manuf. Eng. 8, 704–710 (2014)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    N.H. Babu, Z. Fan, D.G. Eskin, TMS2013 Supplement Procedure (2013), pp. 1037–1044Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    B.C. Kandpal, J. Kumar, H. Singh, Int. J. Res. Mech. Eng. Technol. 4, 27–32 (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.K. Garg, K. Verma, A. Manna, R. Kumar, Int. J. Latest Res. Sci. Technol. 1, 36–44 (2012)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    B.V. Ramnath, C. Elanchezhian, R.M. Annamalai, S. Aravind, T.S.A. Atreya, V. Vignesh, C. Subramanian, Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci. 38, 55–60 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    B.S.B. Reddy, K. Das, S. Das, J. Mater. Sci. 42, 9366–9378 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S.B. Prabu, L. Karunamoorthy, S. Kathiresan, B. Mohan, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 171, 268–273 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P.N. Bindumadhavan, T.K. Chia, M. Chandrasekaran, H.K. Wah, L.N. Lam, O. Prabhakar, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 315, 217–226 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Nakae, Y. Hiramoto, Int. J. Met. 5, 23–28 (2011)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Hashim, L. Looney, M.S.J. Hashmi, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 92–93, 1–7 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Mathur, A. Barnawal, Int. J. Sci. Res. IJSR 2, 395–398 (2013)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    K.L. Meena, A. Manna, S.S. Banwait, Dr Jaswanti, Am. J. Mech. Eng. 1, 14–19 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    P.A. Kumar, S. Aadithya, K. Dhilepan, N. Nikhil, J. Eng. Appl. Sci. 11(2), 1204–1210 (2016)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.J. Shen, T. Ying, F.Y. Chen, J.M. Hou, Int. J. Met. 11, 287–293 (2017)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Loukus, J. Loukus, Int. J. Met. 5, 57–65 (2011)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    P. Sharma, G. Chauhan, N. Sharma, Int. J. Contemp. Pract. 2(1), 23–46 (2005)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.T. Sijo, K.R. Jayadevan, S. Janardhanan, IJMET 8(4), 66–74 (2017)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    F. Khomamizadeh, A. Ghasemi, Sci. Iran. 11(4), 386–391 (2004)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    E. Czekaj, J. Zych, Z. Kwak, A. Garbacz-Klempka, Arch. Found. Eng. 16, 25–28 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    U. Aybarç, K. Ali, H.E. Çubuklusu, Ö.B. Çe, Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendis.-Mimar. Fakültesi Derg. 32(4), 1327–1335 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Kaba, A. Donmez, A. Cukur, A.F. Kurban, H.E. Cubuklusu, Y. Birol, Int. J. Met. 12, 1–11 (2017)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    X. Jian, H. Xu, T.T. Meek, Q. Han, Mater. Lett. 59, 190–193 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Qian, A. Ramirez, A. Das, D.H. StJohn, J. Cryst. Growth 312, 2267–2272 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    A. Das, H.R. Kotadia, Mater. Chem. Phys. 125, 853–859 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Y. Tsunekawa, H. Suzuki, Y. Genma, Mater. Des. 22, 467–472 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    X. Liu, S. Jia, L. Nastac, Int. J. Met. 8, 51–58 (2014)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    A. Ramirez, M. Qian, B. Davis, T. Wilks, D.H. StJohn, Scr. Mater. 59, 19–22 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    G. Wang, M.S. Dargusch, M. Qian, D.G. Eskin, D.H. StJohn, J. Cryst. Growth 408, 119–124 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S. Jia, L. Nastac, Chem. Mater. Eng. 1, 69–73 (2013)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    T.V. Atamanenko, D.G. Eskin, L. Zhang, L. Katgerman, Metall. Mater. Trans. A 41(8), 2056–2066 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    S. Jia, D. Zhang, Y. Xuan, L. Nastac, Appl. Acoust. 103, 226–231 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    S. Jia, Experimental and Theoretical Analyses on the Ultrasonic Cavitation Processing of Al-Based Alloys and Nanocomposites (The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 2015)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    S. Naher, D. Brabazon, Lisa Looney, Compos. Part Appl. Sci. Manuf. 38, 719–729 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    S. Jia, D. Zhang, L. Nastac, J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 24, 2225–2233 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© American Foundry Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CMS Jant ve Makina Sanayi A.S.IzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Material Science and EngineeringIzmir Katip Celebi UniversityIzmirTurkey
  3. 3.Metallurgy and Material EngineeringIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations