Journal of Quantitative Economics

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 121–151 | Cite as

Gender Wage Gap: Some Recent Evidences from India

  • Somasree PoddarEmail author
  • Ishita Mukhopadhyay
Original Article


Gender wage inequality is a chronic socioeconomic malice in developed as well as in developing countries. This paper describes the outcomes of our study on the estimation of gender wage gap in the Indian labour market, using the 68th Round NSSO employment–unemployment data. The study uses Blinder–Oaxaca decomposition technique and Heckman two-step methodology, for removal of selectivity bias in the sample data, to measure the components of total gender wage gap, viz. (1) occupational segregation (explained by economic rationale) and (2) direct discrimination (not explained by economic rationale). The analysis indicates that the maximum direct discrimination is for job-related factors, such as industry type which are controlled by employers. The majority of the Indian employers today are men, which may be the reason for the insensitivity to the chronic direct discrimination against women in workplaces. The study also indicates that most of the explained gender wage gap is due to lower skill and experience amongst women. The findings suggest that besides labour law reforms for ensuring gender neutrality in workplaces, focused government policies for promoting women entrepreneurship and skill development of women are urgently required for reducing the gender wage gap in India.


Gender wage gap Discrimination Blinder–Oaxaca decomposition India 

JEL Classification

C13 J16 J31 


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Copyright information

© The Indian Econometric Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsLady Brabourne CollegeKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia

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