Experimental and numerical evaluation of CBM potential in Jharia Coalfield India

  • Harinandan KumarEmail author
  • M. K. Mishra
  • S. Mishra
Original Article


Geophysico-mechanical characterization of coal data are important in the economic success of CH4 extraction as well as a CO2 injection in deep coal seam reservoir. The heterogeneous nature of coal makes the CH4 removal quite challenging because of the complex behaviour of the seam at in situ as well as applied stress level. Coal matrix behaviour depends on several parameters as permeability, porosity, pore pressure, gas content, structural features, etc. plays a leading role in methane extraction. Therefore, extensive laboratory investigation is handiest approached to anticipate the behavior of coal effectively. This paper presents the results of coal characterization, gas permeability, adsorption/desorption capacity of coal as well as the performance of CBM production well in the replicated model of JH-MD-XVI-T coal seam at a depth of 580 m. The coal characterization was determined to evaluate the prospects of methane in the study area. The gas permeability was determined in a triaxial experimental set up using Darcy’s approach to in situ conditions. The decrease in permeability with an increase in confining as well as gas pressure was observed in all coal samples due to the crushing of grain, coal deformation and narrowing of fractures as well as cleats leading to hinder the flow of fluid through it. The well performance was evaluated to determine the gas rate as well as cumulative gas volume over twenty-five years of well life. Mutual relation between permeability, in situ confining pressure as well as gas pressure, has been established statistically.


Coal bed methane Proximate and ultimate analysis Permeability Reservoir simulation Statistical analysis 



The authors acknowledge the financial assistance provided by SERB, DST, vide approval No: SB/S4/ES-697/2013.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mining EngineeringNIT RourkelaRourkelaIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringNIT RourkelaRourkelaIndia

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