Advertisement

Awareness of Ovarian Cancer and Its Symptoms and Risk Factors Among Women of Reproductive Age at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Goa, India

  • Rini R. NaikEmail author
  • Jagadish Cacodcar
  • Guruprasad Pednekar
  • Lorraine Noronha
Original Article
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Ovarian cancer is the seventh most common cancer in world among women and a leading cause of mortality among all gynaecological malignancies. This is because majority of the ovarian cancer patients are diagnosed at advanced stage of the disease. The lack of specific symptoms and effective screening techniques makes ovarian cancer an extremely fatal disease. The present study was undertaken to assess the awareness of ovarian cancer; its symptoms, risk factors, treatment and prognosis among women of reproductive-age group admitted in the Obstetrics and Gynaecology (OBG) wards of Goa Medical College.

Methods

A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Goa Medical College, from December 2018 to February 2019. A total of 426 women above 20 years of age admitted in all the obstetrics and gynaecology wards were interviewed and assessed using a structured questionnaire. A score of more than 70% was considered as good level of awareness, 50–69% indicating fair level of awareness and a score of less than 50% indicating poor level of awareness of ovarian cancer.

Results

About one-third of the women had ever heard of ovarian cancer; however, only 3.5% women had good level of awareness, 13.4% had fair level of awareness, and 83.1% women had poor level of awareness of ovarian cancer. Most of the respondents (84.5%) were aged  < 40 years, married (90.1%), Hindu (76%), had at least secondary education (81.6%)and socio-economic class III and above (78.9%), and were from rural areas (59.2%). Most of the women interviewed (63.4%) had no knowledge about ovaries and their function. Only 14.1% of the women knew about symptoms of ovarian cancer, and hardly 2.8% were aware of its risk factors. The most commonly known symptom of ovarian cancer among these women was abdominal pain (71.8%), while the most commonly known risk factor reported was family history of ovarian cancer (67.6%). A large percentage (43.7%) of women had poor awareness of screening, treatment and prognosis of ovarian cancer.

Conclusion

There is poor awareness of ovarian cancer and its symptoms and risk factors among women in Goa and a high mortality associated with the disease. Health education about the disease among women is the need of the hour in order to facilitate screening, detection and treatment for ovarian cancer.

Keywords

Ovarian cancer Awareness Knowledge Risk factors Treatment 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical statement

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.

References

  1. 1.
    Bray F et al. Global cancer statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries. CA Cancer J Clin. 2018;68:394–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Call for Action: Expanding cancer care for women in India, FICCI, September 2017.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Okunowo AA et al. Women’s knowledge on ovarian cancer symptoms and risk factors in Nigeria: an institutional-based study. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2018;8:34–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ovarian cancer: recognition and initial management. Clinical guideline. http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg122/ Published: 27 April 2011, Updated in November 2017.
  5. 5.
    About Ovarian Cancer. American Cancer Society. Last Revised: April 11, 2018. https://www.cancer.org/cancer/ovarian-cancer.html.
  6. 6.
    Odukogbe ATA, Olusesan Oluwasola TA, Onebunne C, Lawal AH, Adebiyi AO. Knowledge of ovarian cancer in Ibadan: community-based assessment of women aged 15 years and above. Int J Non Commun Dis. 2018;3:85–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Freij MD, Qadire M, Khadra M, ALBashtawy M, Tuqan W, Al Faqih M, Innabi B, Batiha A-M, Alhalaiqa F, Aalrazek A. Awareness and knowledge of Ovarian Cancer Symptoms and Risk Factors: a survey of Jordanian Women. Clin Nurs Res. 2017.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1054773817704749.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Keng SL et al. Awareness of ovarian cancer risk factors among women in Malaysia: a preliminary study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015:16(2):537–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Gynecologic Oncologists of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rini R. Naik
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Jagadish Cacodcar
    • 2
  • Guruprasad Pednekar
    • 1
  • Lorraine Noronha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyGoa Medical CollegeBambolimIndia
  2. 2.Department of Preventive and Social MedicineGoa Medical CollegeBambolimIndia
  3. 3.BardezIndia

Personalised recommendations