Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

The intricate challenges of delocalised wastewater treatment facilities with regards to water resource management capacity framework in South Africa

  • 33 Accesses

Abstract

The project investigated the state of wastewater treatment administrative management in some of the more remote locations of South Africa, in term of the ability to realise wastewater as a potential and a viable water resource in a semi-arid land. The primary objectives centred on the element responsible for the delivery challenges within the wastewater treatment spaces, towards integrated water resource management efforts. Findings suggested that some of the more pertinent challenges emanated from shortfalls in the implementation of legislative policies, and the lack of sufficient drivers within the water resource environment. Results from most of the locations of interest showed various limitations, including the lack of adequate water treatment infrastructure, insufficient operation and maintenance schedules, limited technical skills and training, and poor management capacities. The analytical approach applied in this study was that of a wastewater management capacity framework. A workable capacity framework is proposed and discussed. The capacity framework takes into account the intricate and unique environment within a South African context, both socioeconomically and in the natural setting.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. Agyenim JB, Gupta J (2012) IWRM and developing countries: implementation challenges in Ghana. Phys Chem Earth Parts A/B/C 47–48:46–57

  2. Ardakanian R, Liebe J, Mullin-Bernhardt L (2018) Report on the achievements during the international decade for action, “water for life” 2005–2015. https://www.ais.unwater.org/water-for-life-decadereport/Water-for-Life-DecadeReport_WEB. Accessed 14 Jul 2018

  3. Asano T, Levine A (2007) Wastewater reclamation, recycling and reuse: introduction. In: Asano T (ed) Wastewater reclamation and reuse. CRC Press, Florida

  4. Ballweber JA (2006) A comparison of IWRM frameworks: the United States and South Africa. J Water Res Edu 135:74–79

  5. Birkland T (2011) An introduction to the policy process: theories, concepts, and models of public policy making. Routledge, New York

  6. Biswas AK (2004) Intergrated water resource management: a reassessment: a water forum contribution. Water Int 29:248–256

  7. Bluefield Research (2015) US Municipal wastewater and reuse: market trends, opportunities and forecasts 2015–2025. Bluefield Research, Boston, pp 140–149

  8. Burn S, Munster T, Kaksonen A, Tjandraatmadja G (2014) Resource recovery from wastewater: a research agenda, vol 13. IWA Publishing

  9. Chen W, Bai Y, Zhang W, Lyu S, Jiao W (2015) Perceptions of different stakeholders on reclaimed water reuse: the case of Beijing China. Sustainability 7:9696–9710

  10. DWA (Department of Water Affairs, South Africa) (2011) Green drop report 2011. https://www.dwaf.gov.za/Documents/GD/GDIntro. Accessed 5 Jan 2018

  11. Hanif I, Gago-de-Santos P (2017) The importance of population control and macroeconomic stability to reducing environmental degradation: an empirical test of the environmental Kuznets curve for developing countries. Environ Dev 23:1–9

  12. Ntombela C, Funke N, Meissner R, Steyn M, Masangane W (2016) A critical look at South Africa’s Green Drop Programme. Water SA 42(4):703–710

  13. PMSEIC (2003) Recycling water for our cities Paper prepared by an independent working group for PMSEIC. PMSEIC, Canberra, pp 1–45

  14. SALGA (South Africa Local Government Association, South Africa) (2008) Framework for water conservation and demand management. Version 1.4. URL: https://www.salga.org.za/Documents/Municipalities/Guidelines%20for%20Municipalities/WD-WDM-FRAMEWORK.pdf. Accessed 15 Jun 2018

  15. Schutte CF (1998) Education and training of water practitioners in South Africa: needs and programmes. Water Sci Technol 38(11):279–285

  16. Schwabe KA, Connor JD (2012) Drought issues in semi-arid and arid environments. Choices 27(3):1–5

  17. Song X, Luo W, Hai FI, Price WE, Guo W, Ngo HH, Nghiem LD (2018) Resource recovery from wastewater by anaerobic membrane bioreactors: opportunity and challenges. Bioresour Technol 270:669–677

  18. Tran QK, Schwabe KA, Jassby D (2016) Wastewater reuse for agriculture: development of a regional water reuse decision-support model (RWRM) for cost-effective irrigation sources. Environ Sci Technol 50(17):9390–9399

  19. UNESCO-UNEVOC (2012) Skills challenges in the water and wastewater industry. Contemporary issues and practical approaches in TVET. https://www.unevoc.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/docs/WaterBooklet.pdf. Accessed 17 Jun 2018

  20. van der Hoek JP, de FooiJ H, Struker A (2016) Wastewater as a resource: strategies to recover resources from Amsterdam’s wastewater. Resour Conserv Recycl 113:53–64

  21. van Vuuren SJ, van Djik M (2011) Waterborne sanitation operations and maintenance guide, WRC Report No TT 482/11. Water Research Commission, Gezina

  22. Vojtěchovská-Šrámková M, Diaz-Sosa V, Wanner J (2018) Experimental verification of tertiary treatment process in achieving effluent quality required by wastewater reuse standards. J Water Process Eng 22:41–45

  23. Yang H, Abbaspour KC (2007) Analysis of wastewater reuse potential in Beijing. Desalination 212:238–250

Download references

Acknowledgements

Funding for the project was acquired from the Local Government Sector Education and Training Authority (LGSETA), LGSETA Project No. LGSETA/MUN/17/18/05 awarded to Enterprise at University of Pretoria, Project Leader: Professor Chirwa.

Author information

Correspondence to Z. Khuzwayo.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Khuzwayo, Z., Chirwa, E.M.N. The intricate challenges of delocalised wastewater treatment facilities with regards to water resource management capacity framework in South Africa. Sustain. Water Resour. Manag. 6, 6 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40899-020-00367-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Wastewater
  • Resource
  • Capacity
  • Management
  • Framework