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Sustainable Water Resources Management

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 1419–1434 | Cite as

Assessing the vulnerability of groundwater resources in semiarid lands of central Argentina

  • Jorgelina Ceferina Montoya
  • Carolina PorfiriEmail author
  • Zinda Edith Roberto
  • Ernesto Francisco Viglizzo
Original Article
  • 69 Downloads

Abstract

Groundwater resources in semiarid lands of central Argentina are currently threatened by contamination from agricultural pesticides. The objectives of the present work were: (a) to estimate groundwater recharge on a monthly basis to identify periods of high susceptibility of the aquifers to be polluted, (b) to assess groundwater vulnerability to pollution using the Generic and Pesticides DRASTIC GIS-based model for each recharge month previously identified, (c) to quantify the presence of atrazine, imazapyr, glyphosate, and its metabolite AMPA in groundwater, and (d) to check the application of the DRASTIC model in the semiarid lands of central Argentina. According to the estimation of groundwater recharge, the vulnerability of aquifers increases during March, April, and November. The six resultant vulnerability maps revealed that groundwater is under “high-to-moderate” risk of pollution in the study area. About 47 and 88% of the total area is highly vulnerable, according to the Generic and Pesticides DRASTIC maps, respectively. Atrazine and imazapyr were quantified in groundwater at concentrations greater than 0.1 µg l−1 in four of the analyzed compounds. Potential pollution of groundwater was conditioned by the spatial variability of geomorphological features, and influenced by others variables such as the intensity of herbicides use and the physicochemical properties of the compounds. In the present study, groundwater pollution is in line with the DRASTIC maps.

Keywords

Vulnerability Groundwater Semiarid Recharge Herbicide residues 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors of this paper would like to thank the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA) for the financial support of this research. Lorena Verónica Carreño is thanked for English language revision of the manuscript.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorgelina Ceferina Montoya
    • 1
  • Carolina Porfiri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zinda Edith Roberto
    • 1
  • Ernesto Francisco Viglizzo
    • 2
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia AgropecuariaAnguilArgentina
  2. 2.CONICET/INCITAP Instituto de investigaciones en ciencias de la tierra y el ambiente productivoSanta RosaArgentina

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