Fiscal policy for households and public budget constraint in Italy
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This study quantifies the economic impact of tax-cut policy implemented by Italian government on GDP and income distribution among institutional sectors. To this end, a computable general equilibrium model is calibrated on a social accounting matrix for Italian economy where households are disaggregated into five classes according to the income level. Two policy scenarios are simulated: the first considers an increase in transfers to the low-income households financed by a reduction in government expenditure; the second simulation considers a reduction in income taxes on low-income financed by an increase, of the same amount, in income tax on high-income households. The results of first policy scenario confirm the negative impact on GDP and disposable incomes of all institutional sectors except low income households. On the other hand, results of second policy scenario present the positive impact on GDP and disposable incomes of other institutional sectors.
KeywordsFiscal policy Social accounting matrix CGE analysis
JEL ClassificationE2 H2 H3
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