Advertisement

The Effect of Thermal Shock Cycling on Low Velocity Impact Behavior of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composites

  • F. Azimpour-Shishevan
  • H. Akbulut
  • M. A. Mohtadi-BonabEmail author
Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

In this research, we investigated the effect of temperature variation on low velocity impact response of woven carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites. Carbon fibers were weaved in twill 2/2 type and they reinforced the composite performance. We applied epoxy as composite matrix and then fabricated CFRP plates by using vacuum assisted resin infusion molding (VARIM) method. We performed thermal cycling shock experiment between – 40 and + 120 °C for 20, 40, 60 and 80 cycles. Then, we exposed specimens to the low velocity impact test for various thermal cycling numbers. The results showed that thermal cycling shock can improve or degrade the impact behavior based on post curing and debonding processes. Debonding possibly occurred since there was a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch between composite components. We also observed that the (room temperature tested) RT samples and the samples exposed to 80 cycles between – 40 and + 120 °C had the best and weakest performance, respectively. Finally, the increase of cycle numbers in thermal shock cycling process degraded the composite structure and decreased the impact performance of CFRPs.

Keywords

Thermal shock cycling Low velocity impact Carbon fiber Woven composite 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK), Project No. 213M600 and Ataturk University Scientific Research Grant, BAP 2012/448. Furthermore, the authors would like to thank Dr. Özgür Seydibeyoğlu and PhD candidate Volkan Acar for their contributions.

References

  1. 1.
    Muñoz R, Delgado S, González C, López-Romano B, Wang DY, Llorca J (2014) Modeling lightning impact thermo-mechanical damage on composite materials. Appl Compos Mater 21:149–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pieczyska EA, Pęcherski RB, Gadaj SP, Nowacki WK, Nowak Z, Matyjewski M (2006) Experimental and theoretical investigations of glass-fibre reinforced composite subjected to uniaxial compression for a wide spectrum of strain rates. Arch Mech 58:273–291Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kumar CS, Arumugam V, Dhakal HN, John R (2015) Effect of temperature and hybridisation on the low velocity impact behavior of hemp-basalt/epoxy composites. Compos Struct 125:407–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Papanicolaou GC, Xepapadaki AG, Tagaris GD (2009) Effect of thermal shock cycling on the creep behavior of glass-epoxy composites. Compos Struct 88:436–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ray BC (2006) Effect of thermal shock on interlaminar strength of thermally aged glass fiber-reinforced epoxy composites. J Appl Polym Sci 100:2062–2066CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Asp LE, Berglund LA, Talreja R (1996) Prediction of matrix-initiated transverse failure in polymer composites. Compos Sci Technol 56:1089–1097CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kessler SS, Matuszeski T, McManus H, (2001) Cryocycling and mechanical testing of cfrp for the x-33 liquid h2 fuel tank structure, Asc-2001 16th Technical ConferenceGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Eslami-Farsani R, Khalili SMR, Najafi M (2013) Effect of thermal cycling on hardness and impact properties of polymer composites reinforced by basalt and carbon fibers. J Therm Stress 36:684–698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Han SH, Oh HJ, Lee HC, Kim SS (2013) The effect of post-processing of carbon fibers on the mechanical properties of epoxy-based composites. Compos Part B 45:172–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Azimpour-Shishevan F, Akbulut H, Mohtadi-Bonab MA (2017) Low velocity impact behavior of basalt fiber-reinforced polymer composites. J Mater Eng Perform 26:2890–2900CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Meredith J, Bilson E, Powe R, Collings E, Kirwan K (2015) A performance versus cost analysis of prepreg carbon fibre epoxy energy absorption structures. Compos Struct 124:206–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Coban O, Bora MO, Sinmazcelik T, Gunay V (2010) Effect of fiber orientation on viscoelastic properties of polymer matrix composites subjected to thermal cycles. Polym Compos 31:411–416Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hancox NL (1998) Thermal effects on polymer matrix composites: part 1. Thermal Cycl Mater Des 19:85–91Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lafarie-Frenot MC (2006) Damage mechanisms induced by cyclic ply-stresses in carbon–epoxy laminates: environmental effects. Int J Fatigue 28:1202–1216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yu Q, Chen P, Gaob Y, Mub J, Chen Y, Lu C, Liu D (2011) Effects of vacuum thermal cycling on mechanical and physical properties of high performance carbon/bismaleimide composite. Mater Chem Phys 130:1046–1053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ramanujam N, Vaddadi P, Nakamura T, Singh RP (2008) Interlaminar fatigue crack growth of cross-ply composites under thermal cycles. Compos Struct 85:175–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sinmazcelik T, Coban O, Bora MO, Guenay V, Curgul I (2008) The effects of thermal cycles on the impact fatigue properties of thermoplastic matrix composites. Appl Compos Mater 15:99–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sinmazcelik T, Arici AA, Gunay V (2006) Impact-fatigue behaviour of unidirectional carbon fibre reinforced polyetherimide (pei) composites. J Mater Sci 41:6237–6244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kobayashi S, Terada K, Ogihara S, Takeda N (2001) Damage-mechanics analysis of matrix cracking in cross-ply cfrp laminates under thermal fatigue. Compos Sci Technol 61:1735–1742CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Icten BM, Atas C, Aktas M, Karakuzu R (2009) Low temperature effect on impact response of quasi-isotropic glass/epoxy laminated plates. Compos Struct 91:318–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rahman MM, Hosur M, Hsiao KT, Wallace L, Jeelani S (2015) Low velocity impact properties of carbon nanofibers integrated carbon fiber/epoxy hybrid composites manufactured by ooa–vbo process. Compos Struct 120:32–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tehrani-Dehkordi M, Nosraty H, Rajabzadeh MH (2015) Effects of plies stacking sequence and fiber volume ratio on flexural properties of basalt/nylon-epoxy hybrid composites. Fibers Polym 16:918–925CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Belingardi G, Vadori R (2003) Influence of the laminate thickness in low velocity impact behavior of composite material plate. Compos Struct 61:27–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhang K, Wang F, Liang W, Wang Z, Duan Z, Yang B (2018) Thermal and mechanical properties of bamboo fiber reinforced epoxy composites. Polymers 10:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Babu SL, Shivanand HK (2015) SEM based studies on damage analysis of GFRP and CFRP sandwich composites. Am J Mater Sci 5:146–150Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Azimpour-Shishevan
    • 1
  • H. Akbulut
    • 1
  • M. A. Mohtadi-Bonab
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAtaturk UniversityErzurumTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of BonabBonabIran

Personalised recommendations