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Lightweight hydrides nanocomposites for hydrogen storage: Challenges, progress and prospects

  • Li Li (李丽)Email author
  • Yike Huang (黄一可)
  • Cuihua An (安翠华)
  • Yijing Wang (王一菁)Email author
Reviews SPECIAL ISSUE: Celebrating the 100th anniversary of Nankai University
  • 72 Downloads

Abstract

As typical high-capacity complex hydrides, lightweight hydrides have attracted intensive attention due to their high gravimetric and volumetric energy densities of hydrogen storage. However, lightweight hydrides also have high thermodynamic stability and poor kinetics, so they ususally require high hydrogen desorption temperature and show inferior reversibility under mild conditions. This review summarizes recent progresses on the endeavor of overcoming thermodynamic and kinetic challenges for Mg based hydrides, lightweight metal borohydrides and alanates. First, the current state, advantages and challenges for Mg-based hydrides and lightweight metal hydrides are introduced. Then, alloying, nanoscaling and appropriate doping techniques are demonstrated to decrease the hydrogen desorption temperature and promote the reversibility behavior in lightweight hydrides. Selected scaffolds materials, approaches for synthesis of nanoconfined systems and hydriding-dehydriding properties are reviewed. In addition, the evolution of various dopants and their effects on the hydrogen storage properties of lightweight hydrides are investigated, and the relevant catalytic mechanisms are summarized. Finally, the remaining challenges and the sustainable research efforts are discussed.

Keywords

hydrogen storage Mg-based materials borohydrides alanates nanoscaling 

轻质氢化物储氢材料: 挑战, 进展和展望

摘要

在众多的储氢材料中, 轻质储氢材料由于具有极高的质量比 容量和体积比容量而受到广泛的关注. 然而, 热力学稳定性高、动 力学性能差等因素, 使得轻质储氢材料存在放氢温度高、可逆性 差等缺点, 限制了其实际应用. 本文总结了几种调控轻质储氢材料 热力学、动力学性能的方法, 着重介绍了镁基储氢材料、硼氢配 位氢化物和铝氢配位氢化物的研究进展. 首先总结了轻质储氢材 料的研究现状、优势与挑战, 接着举例分析了合金、纳米化与添 加掺杂剂策略的优缺点, 对放氢温度与材料吸放氢可逆性的影响, 系统归纳了不同的基体、添加剂、制备方法和对应的吸放氢性能 数据. 最后, 详细讨论了掺杂剂、合成方法和调控策略的演变及发 展趋势, 以及改善热力学、动力学行为的机理, 并对未来的研究方 向进行了展望.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFB1502102), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51571124, 51571125, 51871123 and 51501072), 111 Project (B12015) and MOE (IRT13R30).

Author contributions

Li L and Huang Y wrote the manuscript; An C and Wang Y developed the concept and revised the manuscript. All authors participated in the general discussion.

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of JinanJinanChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Advanced Energy Materials Chemistry (Ministry of Education), College of ChemistryNankai UniversityTianjinChina
  3. 3.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Porous Materials, Institute for New Energy Materials & Low-Carbon Technologies, School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin University of TechnologyTianjinChina

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