A facile grinding approach to embed red phosphorus in N,P-codoped hierarchical porous carbon for superior lithium storage

  • Zhuzhu Du (杜祝祝)
  • Wei Ai (艾伟)
  • Chenyang Yu (俞晨阳)
  • Yujiao Gong (龚玉娇)
  • Ruyi Chen (陈如意)
  • Gengzhi Sun (孙庚志)Email author
  • Wei Huang (黄维)Email author


Despite red phosphorous (P)-based anodes hold great promise for advanced lithium-ion batteries due to their high theoretical capacity, their practical application is hindered by poor electronic conductivity and drastic volume changes during charge-discharge processes. In order to tackle these issues, herein, a facile grinding method was developed to embed sub-micro- and nano-sized red P particles in N,P-co-doped hierarchical porous carbon (NPHPC). Such a unique structure enables P@NPHPC long-cyclic stability (1120 mA h g−1 after 100 cycles at 100 mA g−1) and superior rate performance (248 mA h g−1 at 6400 mA g−1). It is believed that our method holds great potential in scalable synthesis of P@carbon composites for future practical applications.


red P hierarchical porous carbon grinding composites lithium-ion batteries 

一步 碾磨法快速制备红磷嵌入的氮磷共掺杂分级 多孔碳复合材料及其储锂性能研究


红磷因具有高理论储锂容量而成为新一代锂离子电池的重 要候选材料, 然而其实际应用却受到导电性差以及充放电过程中 体积变化大的限制. 针对以上问题, 本文利用一步碾磨法制备了亚 微米/纳米尺度红磷颗粒嵌入的氮、磷原子共掺杂分级多孔碳复合 材料(P@NPHPC). NPHPC三维交联的分级多孔结构为红磷负载提 供了充足的空间, 促进了稳定磷/碳界面的形成, 从而有效解决了红 磷作为电极材料的不足. 基于此, P@NPHPC负极表现出良好的循 环稳定性(100 mA g −1 电流密度下, 100 次循环后比容量为 1120 mA h g−1)和优越的倍率性能(6400 mA g−1电流密度下比容量 为248 mA h g−1). 本工作对高性能磷/碳复合材料的批量制备及实 际应用具有指导意义.



This work was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (2015CB932200), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61704076), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20171018), Jiangsu Specially-Appointed Professor Program (54935012). Ai W thanks the support from the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (31020180QD094).

Author contributions

Du Z, Sun G and Huang W designed the project. Du Z carried out the main experiments. Ai W, Yu C, Gong Y and Chen R participated in the material characterizations and analyzed the data. Du Z, Sun G and Huang W co-wrote the paper. All authors discussed the results and commented on the manuscript.

Supplementary material

40843_2019_9499_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (924 kb)
A facile grinding approach to embed red phosphorus in N,P-codoped hierarchical porous carbon for superior lithium storage


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhuzhu Du (杜祝祝)
    • 1
  • Wei Ai (艾伟)
    • 2
  • Chenyang Yu (俞晨阳)
    • 1
  • Yujiao Gong (龚玉娇)
    • 1
  • Ruyi Chen (陈如意)
    • 1
  • Gengzhi Sun (孙庚志)
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wei Huang (黄维)
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Flexible Electronics & Institute of Advanced MaterialsNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Flexible ElectronicsNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics & Information Displays, Institute of Advanced MaterialsNanjing University of Posts & TelecommunicationsNanjingChina

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