An all-in-one supercapacitor working at sub-zero temperatures


  • 38 Accesses


具有低温工作性能是超级电容器应对特殊工作环境(高海拔/高纬度)的重要保障, 也有利于其在更多领域中的应用. 本文首先制备了一种可在低温下保持柔韧性和离子传导性能的碱性凝胶电解质, 并利用其制备了一种一体式超级电容器, 其可在零点温度以下(−36°C)仍具有稳定的工作能力.


  1. 1

    Wang F, Wu X, Yuan X, et al. Latest advances in supercapacitors: from new electrode materials to novel device designs. Chem Soc Rev, 2017, 46: 6816–6854

  2. 2

    Han P, Xu G, Han X, et al. Lithium ion capacitors in organic electrolyte system: scientific problems, material development, and key technologies. Adv Energy Mater, 2018, 8: 1801243

  3. 3

    Wang Y, Chen B, Chang Z, et al. Enhancing performance of sandwich-like cobalt sulfide and carbon for quasi-solid-state hybrid electrochemical capacitors. J Mater Chem A, 2017, 5: 8981–8988

  4. 4

    Luo H, Xiong P, Xie J, et al. Uniformly dispersed freestanding carbon nanofiber/graphene electrodes made by a scalable biological method for high-performance flexible supercapacitors. Adv Funct Mater, 2018, 28: 1803075

  5. 5

    Dong S, Chen X, Gu L, et al. One dimensional MnO2/titanium nitride nanotube coaxial arrays for high performance electrochemical capacitive energy storage. Energy Environ Sci, 2011, 4: 3502

  6. 6

    Hu J, Li M, Lv F, et al. Heterogeneous NiCo2O4@polypyrrole core/sheath nanowire arrays on Ni foam for high performance super-capacitors. J Power Sources, 2015, 294: 120–127

  7. 7

    Han X, Han P, Yao J, et al. Nitrogen-doped carbonized polyimide microsphere as a novel anode material for high performance lithium ion capacitors. Electrochim Acta, 2016, 196: 603–610

  8. 8

    Shabangoli Y, Rahmanifar MS, El-Kady MF, et al. Thionine functionalized 3D graphene aerogel: combining simplicity and efficiency in fabrication of a metal-free redox supercapacitor. Adv Energy Mater, 2018, 8: 1802869

  9. 9

    Li J, Wang N, Tian J, et al. Cross-coupled macro-mesoporous carbon network toward record high energy-power density super-capacitor at 4 V. Adv Funct Mater, 2018, 28: 1806153

  10. 10

    Zhong X, Tang J, Cao L, et al. Cross-linking of polymer and ionic liquid as high-performance gel electrolyte for flexible solid-state supercapacitors. Electrochim Acta, 2017, 244: 112–118

  11. 11

    Rodrigues MTF, Babu G, Gullapalli H, et al. A materials perspective on Li-ion batteries at extreme temperatures. Nat Energy, 2017, 2: 17108

  12. 12

    Su L, Gong L, Wang X, et al. Improved low-temperature performance of novel asymmetric supercapacitor with capacitor/battery-capacitor construction. Int J Energy Res, 2016, 40: 763–769

  13. 13

    Su L, Gong L, Ma C, et al. Outstanding low-temperature capacitance of an AC-AC supercapacitor in acid redox electrolyte. ChemElectroChem, 2017, 4: 46–48

  14. 14

    Tatlisu A, Huang Z, Chen R. High-voltage and low-temperature aqueous supercapacitor enabled by “water-in-imidazolium chloride” electrolytes. ChemSusChem, 2018, 11: 3899–3904

  15. 15

    Roberts AJ, Danil de Namor AF, Slade RCT. Low temperature water based electrolytes for MnO2/carbon supercapacitors. Phys Chem Chem Phys, 2013, 15: 3518–3526

  16. 16

    Vellacheri R, Al-Haddad A, Zhao H, et al. High performance supercapacitor for efficient energy storage under extreme environmental temperatures. Nano Energy, 2014, 8: 231–237

  17. 17

    Rong Q, Lei W, Chen L, et al. Anti-freezing, conductive self-healing organohydrogels with stable strain-sensitivity at subzero temperatures. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2017, 56: 14159–14163

  18. 18

    Li X, Shao J, Kim SK, et al. High energy flexible supercapacitors formed via bottom-up infilling of gel electrolytes into thick porous electrodes. Nat Commun, 2018, 9: 2578

  19. 19

    Sun Z, Lv F, Cao L, et al. Multistimuli-responsive, moldable supramolecular hydrogels cross-linked by ultrafast complexation of metal ions and biopolymers. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2015, 54: 7944–7948

  20. 20

    Kale VS, Hwang M, Chang H, et al. Microporosity-controlled synthesis of heteroatom codoped carbon nanocages by wrap-bake-sublime approach for flexible all-solid-state-supercapacitors. Adv Funct Mater, 2018, 28: 1803786

  21. 21

    Bard A, Faulkner L. Electrochemical Methods: Fundamentals and Applications. Hoboken: Wiley, 2000

  22. 22

    Wang Y, Chen B, Zhang Y, et al. ZIF-8@MWCNT-derived carbon composite as electrode of high performance for supercapacitor. Electrochim Acta, 2016, 213: 260–269

  23. 23

    Liu X, Zang W, Guan C, et al. Ni-doped cobalt-cobalt nitride heterostructure arrays for high-power supercapacitors. ACS Energy Lett, 2018, 3: 2462–2469

  24. 24

    Sun S, Luo J, Qian Y, et al. Metal-organic framework derived honeycomb Co9S8@C composites for high-performance super-capacitors. Adv Energy Mater, 2018, 8: 1801080

Download references


This work was financially supported by the Basic Research Project of Science and Technology Innovation Commission of Shenzhen (JCYJ20170817110251498), Guangdong Special Support for Science and Technology Leading Young Scientist (2016TQ03C919), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21603094, 21703096, and 11775105).

Author information

Author contributions Wang Y designed and performed the experiments; Wang Y wrote the paper with support from Lu Z; all authors contributed to the general discussion.

Correspondence to Hua Cheng 程化 or Fucai Zhang 张福才 or Zhouguang Lu 卢周广.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Yanfang Wang received his BE degree from the Central South University in 2014 and MSc degree from Fudan University in 2017. Now, he is a PhD student at Southern University of Science and Technology. His research interests mainly focus on supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.

Zhouguang Lu is currently a professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, China. He received his PhD degree from the City University of Hong Kong in 2009. He is the recipient of Fulbright Fellowship of USA Government in 2008–2009 and the Overseas High-Caliber Personnel (Level B) of Shenzhen Government in 2013. His research mainly covers the design and synthesis of nanostructures and their applications in energy storage and conversion with focus on lithium/sodium-ion and air batteries. He has authored more than 160 peer-review papers with total citations more than 5600 and H-index of 43.

Supplementary information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wang, Y., Yuan, H., Zhu, Y. et al. An all-in-one supercapacitor working at sub-zero temperatures. Sci. China Mater. (2020).

Download citation