Reversible multiplexing for optical information recording, erasing, and reading-out in photochromic BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ luminescence ceramics

基于光致变色效应的BaMgSiO4:Bi3+陶瓷的发光性质调控及信息的可逆写入、 擦除和读出研究

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Optical data storage technology has many advantages over the traditional solid-state and magnetic storage technology, such as low cost, multi-dimensional storage, and rewritable capability. Therefore, the optical data storage technology has been in increasing demand for optical storage media. Herein, the photochromic and photoluminescence properties of BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ ceramics were investigated. The BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ ceramics showed reversible photochromism from gray to pink upon alternating the 254 nm ultraviolet light and 532 nm laser irradiation. This is caused by the electron trapping and de-trapping in the oxygen vacancies of the BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ host. This reversible behavior of photochromism was applied to fabricate different patterns on the surface of the BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ ceramics, which exhibited the reversible dual-mode optical information recording and erasing abilities. The photoluminescence reversible modulation of the BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ ceramics was obtained through the photochromic phenomenon. This modification behavior of luminescence could be applied to read-out the recording information in the BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ ceramics. The coloration and bleaching of BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ ceramics were dependent on the time of light stimulation, which facilitated multiplexing encoding. This photoluminescence and photochromism multiplexing of the BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ ceramics enhanced the optical data storage capability.


光存储技术与传统固态存储和磁存储相比有许多优点, 如成本低、 可重复性存储. 因此, 光存储的需求正在持续增长. 本文研究了铋掺杂的硅酸镁钡陶瓷的光致变色及光致发光现象. 在紫外线(254 nm)和532 nm激光交替辐照下, 实现了陶瓷在灰色与粉红色之间的可逆转变. 研究证实MgSiO4:Bi3+陶瓷的可逆光致变色来源于基质中的氧空位陷阱对电子的俘获和释放. 基于可逆光致变色效应在陶瓷表面制作不同颜色的图案, 实现了光信号的双模式存储和擦除. 同时, 在光致变色过程中实现了光致发光的可逆调控; 通过这种可逆的发光调控行为, 实现存储信息的读出; 此外, 变色和漂白的程度与光照射时间有关, 因此可实现多通路编码存储, 有望提高光存储容量.


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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51762029, 11674137) and the Applied Basic Research Key Program of Yunnan Province (2018FA026).

Author information

Author contributions Yang Z and Yu J supervised the project. Ren Y designed and performed the experiments. Qiu J, Wang Y, Li M, Song Z, Ullah A, and Khan I participated in analyzing and interpreting the data. All authors contributed to the general discussion.

Correspondence to Zhengwen Yang 杨正文 or Jie Yu 余杰.

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Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Youtao Ren is currently pursuing his Master’s degree from Kunming University of Science and Technology under the supervision of Prof. Zhengwen Yang. His current work focuses on the fabrication of photochromic ceramics for optical storage applications.

Zhengwen Yang is currently a professor of the College of Materials Science and Engineering in Kunming University of Science and Technology. He received his Bachelor’s degree in 2002, Master’s degree in 2005 from Jilin University, and his PhD degree from Tsinghua University in 2009. His research interests are the modification and enhancement of the up-conversion luminescence.

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Ren, Y., Yang, Z., Wang, Y. et al. Reversible multiplexing for optical information recording, erasing, and reading-out in photochromic BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ luminescence ceramics. Sci. China Mater. (2020).

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  • BaMgSiO4:Bi3+ ceramic
  • photochromism
  • photoluminescence
  • reversible modification