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Science China Materials

, Volume 62, Issue 1, pp 59–64 | Cite as

Epitaxial growth of horizontally aligned single-crystal arrays of perovskite

  • Yitan Li (李逸坦)
  • Yuguang Chen (陈昱光)
  • Lu Han (汉露)
  • Xuemei Li (李雪梅)
  • Jian Sheng (盛建)
  • Hao Sun (孙昊)
  • Yan Li (李彦)Email author
Articles
  • 102 Downloads

Abstract

Well-aligned single-crystal nanowire arrays of CH3NH3PbI3 have shown potentials in laser sources and photovoltaic applications. Here we developed a solution based epitaxial method to grow CH3NH3PbI3 nanowire arrays. By confining the precursor solution between a silicon wafer and ST-cut quartz, the evaporation rate of the solvent was slowed down which brings a more stable and controllable solution environment. Relying on the lattice match between CH3NH3PbI3 and ST-cut quartz, arrays of single-crystal nanowires of CH3NH3PbI3 have been grown epitaxially. The densities and lengths of CH3NH3PbI3 nanowires can be tuned. The lengths of the resultant crystals range from several microns to over one millimeter. Such CH3NH3PbI3 arrays with good alignment and crystallinity were then applied to fabricate photovoltaic devices with good performances.

Keywords

CH3NH3PbI3 single crystal arrays epitaxial growth tunable lengths 

利用外延生长构建水平单晶钙钛矿阵列

摘要

有序单晶CH3NH3PbI3钙钛矿纳米线阵列在激光和光电领域具有良好的应用前景. 溶液法被认为是一种简便、高效且成本低廉的方法并被用于构建钙钛矿晶体材料. 本文介绍了一种限域外延生长方法并将其用于构建有序单晶CH3NH3PbI3钙钛矿纳米线阵列. 通过将钙钛矿材料的前驱体溶液限制在由硅片和ST-cut的石英构成的反应腔中, 溶液挥发行为受到限制, 进而为晶体生长提供了更加稳定可控的环境. 由于CH3NH3PbI3和ST-cut石英之间存在晶格匹配, 可以在石英表面获得密集的单晶钙钛矿纳米线阵列. 通过调节反应腔尺寸, 可以进一步调控钙钛矿纳米线的长度,获得长度为由微米尺寸到亚厘米尺寸不等的阵列.CH3NH3PbI3钙钛矿阵列进一步被用于光电器件的构建并获得了较好的性能.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21631002, U1632119, 21621061, and 91633301) and Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of China (2016YFA0201904).

Supplementary material

40843_2018_9304_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (631 kb)
Epitaxial growth of horizontally aligned single crystal arrays of perovskite

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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yitan Li (李逸坦)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuguang Chen (陈昱光)
    • 1
  • Lu Han (汉露)
    • 1
  • Xuemei Li (李雪梅)
    • 3
  • Jian Sheng (盛建)
    • 1
  • Hao Sun (孙昊)
    • 4
  • Yan Li (李彦)
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for the Physics and Chemistry of Nanodevices, Beijing National Laboratory of Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, College of Chemistry and Molecular EngineeringPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary StudiesPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Electron Microscopy LaboratoryPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Bruker (Beijing) Scientific Technology Co., Ltd.BeijingChina

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