Science China Materials

, Volume 61, Issue 9, pp 1218–1224 | Cite as

Enhanced thermoelectric performance of Na-doped PbTe synthesized under high pressure

  • Bowen Cai (蔡博文)
  • Jianghua Li (李江华)
  • Hao Sun (孙浩)
  • Long Zhang (张隆)
  • Bo Xu (徐波)Email author
  • Wentao Hu (胡文涛)
  • Dongli Yu (于栋利)
  • Julong He (何巨龙)
  • Zhisheng Zhao (赵智胜)
  • Zhongyuan Liu (柳忠元)
  • Yongjun Tian (田永君)Email author


Despite an effective p-type dopant for PbTe, the low solubility of Na limits the fully optimization of thermoelectric properties of Na-doped PbTe. In this work, Na-doped PbTe was synthesized under high pressure. The formation of the desired rocksalt phase with substantially increased Na content leads to a high carrier concentration of 3.2×1020 cm−3 for Na0.03Pb0.97Te. Moreover, dense in-grain dislocations are identified from the microstructure analysis. Benefited from the improved power factor and greatly suppressed lattice thermal conductivity, the maximal ZT of 1.7 is achieved in the optimal Na0.03Pb0.97Te. Current work thus designates the advantage of high pressure in synthesizing PbTe-based thermoelectric materials.


lead telluride high pressure synthesis carrier concentration dislocation 



尽管钠可以对碲化铅进行有效的p型掺杂, 但其较低的固溶度限制了对掺杂样品热电性能的全面优化. 本工作采用高压合成方法合 成钠掺杂的碲化铅样品. 结构及成分分析表明样品具有典型的岩盐矿结构, 且钠的含量显著提高. 相应的, Na0.03Pb0.97Te样品的载流子浓度 也提高至3.2×1020cm−3. 此外, 显微结构分析确认在高压合成样品的晶粒中形成了高密度的位错. 受益于增强的功率因数和大大抑制晶格 热导率, Na0.03Pb0.97Te样品的热电优值达到1.7. 该工作展示了压力在合成碲化铅基热电材料中的优势.



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51525205, 51421091, and 51722209), and the Key Basic Research Project of Hebei (14961013D).


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Copyright information

© Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bowen Cai (蔡博文)
    • 1
  • Jianghua Li (李江华)
    • 1
  • Hao Sun (孙浩)
    • 1
  • Long Zhang (张隆)
    • 1
  • Bo Xu (徐波)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wentao Hu (胡文涛)
    • 1
  • Dongli Yu (于栋利)
    • 1
  • Julong He (何巨龙)
    • 1
  • Zhisheng Zhao (赵智胜)
    • 1
  • Zhongyuan Liu (柳忠元)
    • 1
  • Yongjun Tian (田永君)
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Metastable Materials Science and TechnologyYanshan UniversityQinhuangdaoChina

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