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Modeling Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 1743–1750 | Cite as

Efficacy of magnetic susceptibility technique to estimate metal concentration in some igneous rocks

  • Shamsollah AyoubiEmail author
  • Vali Adman
  • Maryam Yousefifard
Original Article
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

The present study was conducted to explore the relationships between magnetic measures and some heavy metals in some igneous rocks in north-western Iran. For this purpose, four major rocks including ultrabasic, basalt, granite and andesite were selected and totally 60 samples were collected. The collected samples were analyzed for magnetic measurements (\( \chi_{\text{lf}} \), \( \chi_{\text{hf}} \), \( \chi_{\text{fd}} \)) and heavy metals concentration (Fe, Cr, Cu, Zn, Co, Mn and Ni) by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Some samples were analyzed by XRD for iron mineral characterization. The results indicated that the highest and lowest \( \chi_{\text{lf}} \) and all measured heavy metals were found in ultrabasic (as a basic rock) and in granite (as an acidic rock), respectively. X-ray analysis confirmed the higher presence of magnetite/maghemite in basic rocks. Positive and significant correlations were found between magnetic susceptibility at low frequency and all heavy metals’ concentration except for Ni. Overall, magnetic susceptibility serves as a preliminary assessment of rock samples, providing rapid, non-destructive, economical and easy information about heavy metal concentration in igneous rocks in the study area.

Keywords

X- ray diffraction Magnetite Maghemite Ferrimagnetic minerals Metals 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shamsollah Ayoubi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vali Adman
    • 1
  • Maryam Yousefifard
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Soil Science, College of AgricultureIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyPayame Noor UniversityTehranIran

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