Modeling Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 1285–1296 | Cite as

Characterization of water quality of Almiros river (Northeastern Crete, Greece): physicochemical parameters, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and anionic detergents

  • Melina KottiEmail author
  • Despoina-Eleni Zacharioudaki
  • Eleni Kokinou
  • George Stavroulakis
Original Article


Scope of the present work is (a) to explore the presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) in the surface water of Almiros River, located in Heraklion, Crete, Greece and (b) to correlate the physicochemical parameters (pH, alkalinity, conductivity, total dissolved solids, salinity, chlorides, hardness) of this river using robust statistical methods. Nine water samplings were performed in Almiros River in the time period January–November 2016. Standard methods of analysis were applied to investigate the physicochemical parameters. The pollutants PAHs and SDBS were determined simultaneously by high performance liquid chromatography with diode array and fluorescence detectors. Pyrene is the abundant PAH with concentrations ranging between 0.75 and 4.89 µg/L while SDBS ranges between 3.57 and 124.3 µg/L. Additionally, the correlations between the physicochemical parameters showed that TDS, electrical conductivity, salinity and chlorides reveal a strong correlation in the entire time of water sampling.


Anionic detergents Correlation Diode array detection Fluorescence detection HPLC Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Water quality 



This study has been supported by the Laboratory of Water and Soil Quality Control in terms of Master (MSc) in Geo-environmental Resources and Risks. We gratefully acknowledge Mr. Manolis Svourakis, President of MOBIAK company for his kind supply of the nitrogen.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melina Kotti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Despoina-Eleni Zacharioudaki
    • 1
  • Eleni Kokinou
    • 1
  • George Stavroulakis
    • 1
  1. 1.Technological Educational Institute of CreteChaniaGreece

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