Advertisement

Modeling Earth Systems and Environment

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 1467–1486 | Cite as

GIS-based multi-criteria model for land suitability evaluation of rainfed teff crop production in degraded semi-arid highlands of Northern Ethiopia

  • Araya Kahsay
  • Mitiku Haile
  • Girmay Gebresamuel
  • Muktar Mohammed
Original Article
  • 57 Downloads

Abstract

Teff Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) crop production is essential since it is a major food crop in Ethiopia. This paper presents a teff land suitability evaluation model in Northern semi-arid Ethiopia by using GIS-based multi-criteria decision making analysis (MCDMA) in order to identify areas that best suit sustainable production of the crop. The results showed that 37.59, 56.99 and 5.42% of the area are moderately (S2), marginally (S3) and currently not suitable (N1) for teff crop production. Mean weight diameter, available water capacity, total nitrogen, available phosphorus, exchangeable bases, length of growing period and slope are the major constraints causing serious hurdle for teff production. However, with the application of organic and inorganic fertilizer (especially of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers), tillage, soil and water management practices 2.05, 55.85 and 13.51% changes in suitability from N1 to S3, S3 to S2 and S2 to S1 suitability levels respectively is occurred. This indicates that the area is promising if investments in land and soil managements are made though climate and topographic factors supported by some soil physical and morphological properties are permanently limiting its suitability. GIS-based AHP model is superior for land suitability evaluation of teff crop production in areas with various soil and landscape positions.

Keywords

Land suitability evaluation Land unit Geographic information system Limiting factors Teff 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Ethiopian Mistry of Education and Haramaya University for supporting this study. Farmers and rural development offices of Hintalo Wajerat district are acknowledged for their support in field work.

References

  1. AbdelRahman MA, Natarajan A, Hegde R (2016) Assessment of land suitability and capability by integrating remote sensing and GIS for agriculture in Chamarajanagar district, Karnataka, India. Egypt J Remote Sens Space Sci 19(1):125–141Google Scholar
  2. Akıncı H, Özalp AY, Turgut B (2013) Agricultural land use suitability analysis using GIS and AHP technique. Comput Electro Agric 97:71–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) (2014) Africa agricultural status report: climate change and small holder agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. Nairobi, Kenya, No. 2Google Scholar
  4. Ambarwulan W, Santoso PB, Sabiham S, Hikmat M (2016) Remote sensing and land suitability analysis to establish local specific inputs for paddy fields in Subang, West Java. Procedia Environ Sci 33:94–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Araya A (2005) An agro-climatic characterization towards improving barley production in the Giba catchment, Northern Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, ZimbabweGoogle Scholar
  6. Araya T, Cornelis WM, Nyssen J, Govaerts B, Gebregziabher T, Oicha T, Getnet F, Raes D, Haile M, Sayre KD, Deckers J (2010) Impact of conservation agriculture on runoff, soil loss and crop yield on a Vertisol in the northern Ethiopian highlands. In: Proceedings of 19th world congress of soil science, soil solutions for a changing world, 1–6 August 2010, Brisbane, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  7. Araya T, Nyssen J, Govaerts B, Deckers J, Cornelis WM (2015) Impacts of conservation agriculture-based farming systems on optimizing seasonal rainfall partitioning and productivity on vertisols in the Ethiopian drylands. Soil Tillage Res 148:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Arkin Y, Beyth M, Dow DB, Levitte D, Haile T, Hailu T (1971) Geological map of Mekele Sheet area ND37-11 Tigre Province. Imperial Ethiopian Government, Ministry of Mines. Geol Survey Ethiop Scale 1:250,000Google Scholar
  9. Arndt N, Menzies MA (2005) The Ethiopian large igneous province. http://www.largeigneousprovinces.org/print/05jan. Accessed 25 Oct 2017
  10. Assefa E (2015) Characterization and classification of the major agricultural soils in cascape intervention woredas in the central highlands of Oromia region, EthiopiaGoogle Scholar
  11. Ayoade MA (2017) Suitability assessment and mapping of Oyo State, Nigeria, for rice cultivation using GIS. Theor Appl Climatol 129(3–4):1341–1354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bagherzadeh A, Gholizadeh A (2016) Modeling land suitability evaluation for wheat production by parametric and TOPSIS approaches using GIS, northeast of Iran. Model Earth Syst Environ 2(3):126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bagherzadeh A, Ghadiri E, Darban ARS, Gholizadeh A (2016) Land suitability modeling by parametric-based neural networks and fuzzy methods for soybean production in a semi-arid region. Model Earth Syst Environ 2(2):104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bahir AL, Ahmed MA, Antille DL (2015) Land suitability evaluation to optimize land management of small-scale farms in the Gerado catchment, North-Eastern Ethiopia. Trop Agric 92(1):49–68Google Scholar
  15. Baniya N (2008) Land suitability evaluation using GIS for vegetable crops in Kathmandu Valley/Nepal. Ph.D. Dissertation, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Landwirtschaftlich-Gärtnerische FakultätGoogle Scholar
  16. Beyth M (1972) Paleozoic-Mesozoic sedimentary basin of Mekele outlier, northern Ethiopia. AAPG Bull 56(12):2426–2439Google Scholar
  17. Bhagat RM, Singh S, Kumar V (2006) Agro-ecological zonation of Himachal Pradesh-agricultural system information development at micro-level (Technical Report). CSK Himachal Pradesh Agriculture University, PalampurGoogle Scholar
  18. Bhagat RM, Singh S, Sood C, Rana RS, Kalia V, Pradhan S, Immerzeel W, Shrestha B (2009) Land suitability analysis for cereal production in Himachal Pradesh (India) using Geographical Information System. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 37:233–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Caha J, Burian J (2017) Comparison of fuzzy AHP algorithms for land suitability assessment. In: Proceedings of GIS Ostrava. Springer, ChamGoogle Scholar
  20. Ceballos-Silva A, Lopez-Blanco J (2003) Delineation of suitable areas for crops using a multi-criteria evaluation approach and land use/cover mapping: a case study in Central Mexico. Agric Syst 77(2):117–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Chamberlin J, Schmidt E (2012) Ethiopian agriculture: a dynamic geographic perspective. In: Food and agriculture in Ethiopia: progress and policy challengesGoogle Scholar
  22. Chernet T, Eshete G (1982) Hydrogeology of the Makelle Area (ND37-11). Memoir No.2, Ethiopian Institute of Geological SurveysGoogle Scholar
  23. Coltorti M, Pieruccini P, Berakhi O, Dramis F, Asrat A (2009) The geomorphological map of Mt. Amba Aradam Southern slope (Tigray, Ethiopia). J Maps 5(1):56–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Cowie AL, Orr BJ, Sanchez VMC, Chasek P, Crossman ND, Erlewein A, Louwagie G, Maron M, Metternicht GI, Minelli S, Tengberg AE (2018) Land in balance: the scientific conceptual framework for land degradation neutrality. Environ Sci Policy 79:25–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Davies J, Merrin PD (2000) Project report on visit to Ethiopia to rapidly assess ground water development issues in the Hintalo wajerat woreda. Technical report WC/00/16, Overseas Geology Series, DFID Project No. R7353, British Geological survey, WallingfordGoogle Scholar
  26. Demelash A (2017) Screening of teff (Eragrostis tef) varieties for genotypic and phenotypic traits in Dejen Woreda, East Gojjam Zone. Int J Biodivers Conserv 9(7):239–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Eastman JR, Kyem PAK, Toledano J, Jin W (1993) GIS and decision making. United Nations Institute for training and research, explorations in geographic information systems technology. The Clarks labs for Cartographic Technology and Geographic Analysis, 4. Clark University, WorcesterGoogle Scholar
  28. El Baroudy AA (2016) Mapping and evaluating land suitability using a GIS-based model. Catena 140:96–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Elaalem M (2012) Land suitability evaluation for sorghum based on Boolean and fuzzy-multi-criteria decision analysis methods. Int J Environ Sci Dev 3(4):357–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Elaalem M, Comber A, Fisher P (2010) Land evaluation techniques comparing fuzzy AHP with TOPSIS methods. In: 13th AGILE international conference on geographic information scienceGoogle Scholar
  31. Elaalem M, Comber A, Fisher P (2011) A comparison of fuzzy AHP and ideal point methods for evaluating land suitability. Trans GIS 15(3):329–346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Elsheikh R, Shariff ARBM, Amiri F, Ahmad NB, Balasundram SK, Soom MAM (2013) Agriculture Land Suitability Evaluator (ALSE): a decision and planning support tool for tropical and subtropical crops. Comput Electron Agric 93:98–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Erener A, Mutlu A, Düzgün HS (2016) A comparative study for landslide susceptibility mapping using GIS-based multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA), logistic regression (LR) and association rule mining (ARM). Eng Geol 203:45–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ersado L, Amacher G, Alwang J (2004) Productivity and land enhancing technologies in northern Ethiopia: health, public investments, and sequential adoption. Am J Agric Econ 86(2):321–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Esa A, Assen M (2017) A GIS based land suitability analysis for sustainable agricultural planning in Gelda catchment, Northwest Highlands of Ethiopia. J Geogr Reg Plann 10(5):77–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. FAO (1976) A framework for land evaluation: soils bulletin 32. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, RomeGoogle Scholar
  37. FAO (1986) Ethiopian highland reclamation study. Final reportGoogle Scholar
  38. FAO (1987) Manual on a computerized land evaluation system for Ethiopia with special reference to the highlands of Ethiopia: volume ii: the influence of environmental conditions on plant growth and development. Rome: FAO AG:DP/ETH/82/010. Field Document No.: 17Google Scholar
  39. FAO (2007) Land evaluation towards a revised framework. Land and water discussion paper 6Google Scholar
  40. Fritzsche F, Zech W, Guggenberger G (2007) Soils of the main Ethiopian rift valley escarpment: a transect study. Catena 70(2):209–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Gebrehiwot T, van der Veen A, Maathuis B (2011) Spatial and temporal assessment of drought in the Northern highlands of Ethiopia. Int J Appl Earth Obs Geoinf 13:309–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Gebreyohannes T, De Smedt F, Hagos M, Gebresilassie S, Amare K, Kabeto K, Hussein A, Nyssen J, Bauer H, Moeyersons J, Deckers J (2010) Large-scale geological mapping of the Geba basin, northern Ethiopia. Tigray Livelihood papers, 9Google Scholar
  43. Gemechu F, Alemu G (2016) Participatory demonstration of improved Teff variety in Habro and Oda Bultum districts of west Hararghe Zone, Oromia regional national state, Ethiopia. IJAEE 2(2):044–047Google Scholar
  44. Gregory AS, Ritz K, McGrath SP, Quinton JN, Goulding KWT, Jones RJA, Harris JA, Bol R, Wallace P, Pilgrim ES, Whitmore AP (2015) A review of the impacts of degradation threats on soil properties in the UK. Soil Use Manag 31(S1):1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Hadgu G, Tesfaye K, Mamo G (2015) Analysis of climate change in Northern Ethiopia: implications for agricultural production. Theor Appl Climatol 121(3–4):733–747CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Hamzeh S, Mokarram M, Haratian A, Bartholomeus H (2016) Feature selection as a time and cost-saving approach for land suitability classification (case study of Shavur plain, Iran). Agriculture 6(4):52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Hauenstein S (2015) Assessing the resilience of the tef value chain in Ethiopia. MSc. thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, ETHGoogle Scholar
  48. Hengl T, Heuvelink GB, Kempen B, Leenaars JG, Walsh MG, Shepherd KD, Sila A, MacMillan RA, de Jesus JM, Tamene L, Tondoh JE (2015) Mapping soil properties of Africa at 250 m resolution: random forests significantly improve current predictions. PloS One 10(6):e0125814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Hishe S, Assen M (2016) GIS based land suitability analysis for selected cereals in five peasant associations of Kilte_Awulaelo Woreda, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Res J Agric Environ Sci 3(1):1–15Google Scholar
  50. Houshyar E, Smith P, Mahmoodi-Eshkaftaki M, Azadi H (2017) Sustainability of wheat production in Southwest Iran: a fuzzy-GIS based evaluation by ANFIS. Cogent Food Agric 3(1):1327682Google Scholar
  51. Hurni K, Zeleke G, Kassie M, Tegegne B, Kassawmar T, Teferi E, Moges A, Tadesse D, Ahmed M, Degu Y, Kebebew Z (2015) Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Ethiopia case study: soil degradation and sustainable land management in the rainfed agricultural areas of Ethiopia: an assessment of the economic implications. Report for the Economics of Land Degradation Initiative, pp 94Google Scholar
  52. IAO (Istituto Agronomico per l’Oltremare) (2008) Land evaluation in Enderta district-Tigray region, Ethiopia. 28th course professional master in Geomatics and Natural resources evaluationGoogle Scholar
  53. IAO (Istituto Agronomico per l’Oltremare) (2009) Land evaluation in Kilte Awulaelo-Tigray region, Ethiopia. 29th course professional master in Geomatics and Natural resources evaluation, pp 231Google Scholar
  54. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (2010) Fertilizer and soil fertility potential in Ethiopia: constraints and opportunities for enhancing the system. Working paper. pp. 42Google Scholar
  55. Jiang H, Eastman JR (2000) Application of fuzzy measures in multi-criteria evaluation in GIS. Int J Geogr Inf Sci 14(2):173–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Kangalawe RY, Lyimo JG (2013) Climate change, adaptive strategies and rural livelihoods in semiarid Tanzania. Nat Resources 4:266–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Kazemi H, Sarvestani ZT, Kamkar B, Shataei S, Sadeghi S (2015) Ecological zoning for Wheat production at province scale using Geographical Information System. Adv Plants Agric Res 2(1):00035Google Scholar
  58. Kazemi H, Sadeghi S, Akinci H (2016) Developing a land evaluation model for faba bean cultivation using geographic information system and multi-criteria analysis (a case study: Gonbad-Kavous region, Iran). Ecol Indic 63:37–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Keesstra SD, Quinton JN, van der Putten WH, Bardgett RD, Fresco LO (2016) The significance of soils and soil science towards realization of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Soil 2(2):111–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Khoi DD, Murayama Y (2010) Delineation of suitable cropland areas using a GIS based multi-criteria evaluation approach in the Tam Dao National Park Region, Vietnam. Sustainability 2(7):2024–2043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Kihoro J, Bosco NJ, Murage H (2013) Suitability analysis for rice growing sites using a multicriteria evaluation and GIS approach in great Mwea region. Kenya SpringerPlus 2:265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Lal R (1994) Methods and guidelines for assessing sustainable use of soil and water resources in the tropics, SMSS technical monograph No. 21. Soil Management Support Services, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  63. Lupia F (2012) Crop/land suitability analysis by ArcGIS tools. Technica l report, INEA Istituto Nazionale di Economia AgrariaGoogle Scholar
  64. Maddahi Z, Jalalian A, Zarkesh M, Kheirkhah M, Honarjo N (2017) Land suitability analysis for rice cultivation using a GIS-based Fuzzy Multi-criteria Decision Making approach: central part of Amol district. Iran Soil Water Research 12(1):21–31Google Scholar
  65. Malczewski J (2004) GIS-based land-use suitability analysis: a critical overview. Prog Plann 62(1):3–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Man QH (2010) Building a Decision Support System for Agricultural Land Use Planning and Sustainable Management at the District Level in Vietnam. Ph.D. Dissertation, Niedersächsische Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek GöttingenGoogle Scholar
  67. Meire E, Frankl A, De Wulf A, Haile M, Deckers J, Nyssen J (2013) Land use and cover dynamics in Africa since the nineteenth century: warped terrestrial photographs of North Ethiopia. Reg Environ Change 13(3):717–737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Memarbashi E, Azadi H, Barati AA, Mohajeri F, Passel SV, Witlox F (2017) Land-use suitability in Northeast Iran: application of AHP-GIS hybrid model. ISPRS Int J Geo-Inf 6(12):396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Mighty MA (2015) Site suitability and the analytic hierarchy process: how GIS analysis can improve the competitive advantage of the Jamaican coffee industry. Appl Geogr 58:84–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Moebius-Clune BN, Moebius-Clune DJ, Gugino BK, Idowu OJ, Schindelbeck RR, Ristow AJ (2016) Comprehensive assessment of soil health: the Cornell framework manual. 3.1 Edn, Cornell University, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  71. Mokarram M, Hojati M (2017) Using ordered weight averaging (OWA) aggregation for multi-criteria soil fertility evaluation by GIS (case study: southeast Iran). Comput Electron Agric 132:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Montanarella L, Pennock DJ, McKenzie N, Badraoui M, Chude V, Baptista I, Mamo T, Yemefack M, Singh Aulakh M, Yagi K, Young Hong S (2016) World’s soils are under threat. Soil 2(1):79–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Mousavi SH, Danehkar A, Shokri MR, Poorbagher H, Azhdari D (2015) Site selection for artificial reefs using a new combine multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) tools for coral reefs in the Kish Island-Persian Gulf. Ocean Coast Manag 111:92–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Mousavi SR, Sarmadian F, Alijani Z, Taati A (2017) Land suitability evaluation for irrigating wheat by geopedological approach and geographic information system: a case study of Qazvin plain, Iran. Eurasian J Soil Sci 6(3):275–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Mu Y (2006) Developing a suitability index for residential land use: a case study in Dianchi drainage area. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Waterloo, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  76. MU-IUC (Mekelle Univeristy-Institutional Univeristy Cooperation) (2007) Digital database of climate and stream flow data of Geba catchmentGoogle Scholar
  77. Naz A, Rasheed H (2017) Modeling the rice land suitability using GIS and multi-criteria decision analysis approach in Sindh, Pakistan. J Basic Appl Sci 13:26–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. NEDECO N (1997) Tekeze river basin integrated development master plan project. Second phase report vol no 2Google Scholar
  79. Nguyen TT, Verdoodt A, Tran VY, Delbecque N, Tran TC, Van Ranst E (2015) Design of a GIS and multi-criteria based land evaluation procedure for sustainable land-use planning at the regional level. Agric Ecosyst Environ 200:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Nyssen J, Poesen J, Moeyersons J, Deckers J, Haile M, Lang A (2004) Human impact on the environment in the Ethiopian and Eritrean highlands-a state of the art. Earth Sci Rev 64(3):273–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Ogunde AP, Olanbo AR (2017) A web-based decision support system for evaluating soil suitability for cassava cultivation. ASTESJ 2(1):42–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Oldfield EE, Wood SA, Palm CA, Bradford MA (2015) How much SOM is needed for sustainable agriculture? Front Ecol Environ 13(10):527–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Pirbalouti AG, Bahrami M, Golparvar AR, Abdollahi K (2011) GIS based land suitability assessment for German chamomile production. Bulg J Agric Sci 17(1):93–98Google Scholar
  84. Prakash TN (2003) Land suitability analysis for agricultural crops: a fuzzy multicriteria decision making approach. M.Sc. Thesis, ITC, NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  85. Pramanik MK (2016) Site suitability analysis for agricultural land use of Darjeeling district using AHP and GIS techniques. Model Earth Syst Environ 2(2):56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Qaddah AA, Abdelwahed MF (2015) GIS-based site-suitability modeling for seismic stations: case study of the northern Rahat volcanic field, Saudi Arabia. Comput Geosci 83:193–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Rabia AH (2012) A GIS based land suitability assessment for agricultural planning in Kilte Awulaelo district, ethiopia. In: The 4th international congress of ECSSS, EUROSOIL. June, Bari, pp 2–6Google Scholar
  88. Reshmidevi TV, Eldho TI, Jana R (2009) A GIS-integrated fuzzy rule-based inference system for land suitability evaluation in agricultural watersheds. Agric Syst 101(1):101–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Reubens B (2010) Woody vegetation for gully rehabilitation in northern Ethiopia: species suitability, root structure, and seedling establishment, growth and management. Ph.D. Dissertation, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  90. Robinson VB (2003) A perspective on the fundamentals of fuzzy sets and their use in geographic information systems. Trans GIS 7(1):3–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Robinson PJ, Henderson-Sellers A (2014) Contemporary climatology. Pearson Education Ltd., EssexCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Romeijn H, Faggian R, Diogo V, Sposito V (2016) Evaluation of deterministic and complex analytical hierarchy process methods for agricultural land suitability analysis in a changing climate. ISPRS Int J Geo-Inf 5(6):99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Rossiter DG, Bouma J, Burrough PA, de Gruijter JJ, Van Ranst E (1996) A theoretical framework for land evaluation. With a discussion by A.K.L. John and A.B. McBratney. Repr Geoderma 72:165–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Saaty TL (1977) A scaling method for priorities in hierarchical structures. J Math Psychol 15(3):234–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Saaty TL (1980) The analytical hierarchy process, planning priority, resource allocation. TWS PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  96. Saaty TL (1990) The analytic hierarchy process: planning, priority setting, resource allocation. RWS Publications, PittsburghGoogle Scholar
  97. Saaty TL, Vargas LG (1991) Prediction, projection, and forecasting: applications of the analytic hierarchy process in economics, finance, politics, games, and sports. Kluwer, Dordrecht, p 251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Saleh AM, Belal AB, Mohamed ES (2015) Land resources assessment of El-Galaba basin, South Egypt for the potentiality of agriculture expansion using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Egypt J Remote Sens Space Sci 18(1):S19-S30Google Scholar
  99. Sanga C, Sumari N, Tumbo S, Mourice SK, Kadigi I, Kahimba F (2015) Assessing the impacts of climate variability and change on agricultural systems in Eastern Africa while enhancing the region’s capacity to undertake integrated assessment of vulnerabilities to future changes in climate. Final technical report, ICRISATGoogle Scholar
  100. Segele ZT, Lamb PJ (2005) Characterization and variability of Kiremt rainy season over Ethiopia. Meteorol Atmos Phys 89(1):153–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Selassie YG, Ayalew G, Elias E, Getahun M (2014) Soil characterization and land suitability evaluation to cereal crops in Yigossa Watershed, Northwestern Ethiopia. J Agric Sci 6(5):199–206Google Scholar
  102. Stallknecht GF, Gilbertson KM, Eckhoff JL (1993) Teff: food crop for humans and animals. New crops, 5. Wiley, New York, pp 231–234Google Scholar
  103. Sys C, Van Ranst E, Debaveye J (1991) Land evaluation, part II: methods in land evaluation. Agricultural Publications No. 7, GADC, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  104. Sys IC, Van Ranst B, Debaveye J (1993) Land evaluation, part III: crop requirements. Agricultural Publications No. 7, GADC, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  105. Tessema AB (1997) A participatory agroforestry approach for soil and water conservation in Ethiopia. Ph.D. Dissertation, Wageningen University, the NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  106. Tielens S (2012) Towards a soil map of the Geba catchment using benchmark soils. M.Sc. Thesis, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, BelgiumGoogle Scholar
  107. Vågen TG, Winowiecki LA, Abegaz A, Hadgu KM (2013) Landsat-based approaches for mapping of land degradation prevalence and soil functional properties in Ethiopia. Remote Sens Environ 134:266–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Vanlauwe B, AbdelGadir AH, Adewopo J, Adjei-Nsiah S, Ampadu-Boakye T, Asare R, Baijukya F, Baars E, Bekunda M, Coyne D, Dianda M (2017) Looking back and moving forward: 50 years of soil and soil fertility management research in sub-Saharan Africa. Int J Agric Sustain 15(6):613–631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Wali E, Datta A, Shresth RP, Shrestha P (2016) Development of a land suitability model for saffron (Crocus sativus L.) cultivation in Khost Province of Afghanistan using GIS and AHP techniques. Archives of Agronomy Soil Science 62(7):921–934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Worqlul AW, Jeong J, Dile YT, Osorio J, Schmitter P, Gerik T, Srinivasan R, Clark N (2017) Assessing potential land suitable for surface irrigation using groundwater in Ethiopia. Appl Geogr 85:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Yalew SG, van Griensven A, van der Zaag P (2016a) AgriSuit: a web-based GIS-MCDA framework for agricultural land suitability assessment. Comput Electron Agric 128:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Yalew SG, van Griensven A, Mul ML, van der Zaag P (2016b) Land suitability analysis for agriculture in the Abbay basin using remote sensing, GIS and AHP techniques. Model Earth Syst Environ 2(2):101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Yemane M, Kebede F, Mekuria W (2009) Application of different land evaluation methods for Faba Bean (Vicia faba) production suitability assessment for Central Tigray, Ethiopia. J Drylands 2(1):15–24Google Scholar
  114. Yizengaw T, Verheye W (1995) Application of computer captured knowledge in land evaluation, using ALES in central Ethiopia. Geoderma 66:297–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Zhang L, Yang F, Chen Y, Li X, Fu Z, Wang L (2014) geographic information system-based evaluation method of crop-soil suitability in Mentougou district. Sens Lett 12(3–4):550–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Zhang J, Su Y, Wu J, Liang H (2015) GIS based land suitability assessment for tobacco production using AHP and fuzzy set in Shandong province of China. Comput Electron Agric 114:202–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Natural Resource ManagementDilla UniveristyDillaEthiopia
  2. 2.School of Natural Resources Management and Environmental SciencesHaramaya UniversityDire DawaEthiopia
  3. 3.Department of Land Resources Management and Environmental ProtectionMekelle UniversityMekelleEthiopia
  4. 4.Department of Forest Resources ManagementOda-Bultum UniversityChiroEthiopia

Personalised recommendations