Advertisement

Measurement of Performance and Geometrical Features in Electrochemical Micromachining of SS304 Alloy

  • B. MouliprasanthEmail author
  • P. Hariharan
Research paper
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

Electrochemical Micromachining is a unique kind of non-traditional machining practice for the production of micro and nano features. This paper aims to measure and assess the performance and geometrical features of ECMM on SS304 alloy by influencing the effect of different types of electrolytes viz.; Passivating, Non-Passivating and Composite electrolyte (CPE). Material removal rate (MRR), circularity, conicity, and overcut are considered as the performance and geometrical features. Effects of input parameters are correlated to the performance of output responses. The results showed the composite electrolyte used to provide improved performance in MRR and geometric features in evaluation with passive and non-passive electrolytes. This paper deals with the modes Operandi of optimization with Technique for Order Preference by Similarity Ideal Solution approach (TOPSIS) for the multiresponse characteristics involved in ECMM process based on the Multi-Criteria Decision Making Methodology (MCDM). The results clearly specified voltage of 7 V, the feed rate of 0.5 mm/min and duty cycle of 0.7 with CPE as electrolyte displaying the optimal conditions and the parameter setting involved for the improvement of performance and hole geometrical characteristics in ECMM process.

Keywords

ECMM SS304 alloy Electrolytes Geometrical features TOPSIS 

Abbreviations

ECMM

Electrochemical micromachining

MRR

Material removal rate

CPE

Composite electrolyte

PEG

Poly ethylene glycol

DOE

Design of experiments

TOPSIS

Technique for order preference by similarity ideal solution

IEG

Inter electrode gap

VMS

Video measuring system

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

SEM

Scanning electron microscope

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Chen C, Li J, Zhan S, Yu Z, Xu W (2016) Study of microgroove machining by micro ECM. Proc CIRP 42:418–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    McGeough JA (1988) Advanced methods of machining. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lin GM, Cai HZ (2012) Electrochemical machining technology and its latest applications. Adv. Mater.Res 472-475:875–878Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    leese RJ, Ivanov A (2016) Electrochemical micromachining: an Introduction. Adv Mech Eng 8(1):1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gupta AK, Krishnamurthy HN, Singh Y, Prasad KM, Singh SK (2013) Development of constitutive models for dynamic models for dynamic strain aging regime in austenitic stainless steel 304. Mater Des 45:616–627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Das AK, Saha P (2013) Machining of circular micro holes by electrochemical micro-machining process. Int J Adv Manuf 1:314–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yong L, Ruiqin H (2013) Micro electrochemical machining for tapered holed of fuel jet nozzles. Proc CIRP 6:395–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bao H, Xu J, Ying L (2008) Aviation- oriented micromachining technology- micro- ECM in pure water. Chin J Aeronaut 21:455–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ryu SH (2009) Micro fabrication by electrochemical process in citric acid electrolyte. J Mater Process Technol 209:2831–2837CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yang Y, WataruNatsu WZ (2011) Realization of ecofriendly electrochemical micromachining using mineral water as an electrolyte. Precis Eng 35:204–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sharma S, Jain VK, Shekar R (2002) Electrochemical drilling of Inconel super alloy with acidified sodium chloride. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 19:492–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang D, Zhu Z, Wang N, Zhu D, Wang H (2015) Investigation of the electrochemical dissolution behavior of inconel 718 and 304 stainless steel at low current density in NaNO3 solution. Electrochim Acta 156:301–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Thanigaivelan R, Arunachalam RM, Karthikeyan B, Loganathan P (2013) Electrochemical micromachining of stainless steel with acidified sodium nitrate electrolyte. Proc CIRP 6:351–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sekar T, Arularasu M, Sathiyamoorthy V (2016) Investigations on the effects of Nano- fluid in ECM of die steel. Measurement 83:38–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gudong L, Yong L, Kong Q, Hao T (2016) Selection and optimization of electrolyte for micro electrochemical machining on stainless steel 304. Proc CIRP 42:412–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Anasane SS, Bhattacharyya B (2016) Experimental investigation on suitability of electrolytes for electrochemical micromachining of titanium. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 86:2147–2160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Liu W, Zhang H, Luo Z, Zhao C, Ao S, Gao F, Sun Y (2018) Electrochemical micromachining on titanium using the NaCl-containing ethylene glycol electrolyte. J Mater Process Tech 255:784–794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Soundarrajan M, Thanigaivelan R (2018) Investigation on electrochemical micromachining (ECMM) of copper inorganic material using UV heated electrolyte. Russ J Appl Chem 91(11):1805–1813 ISSN 1070-4272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liu G, Li Y, Kong Q, Yu L (2018) Impact analysis of electrolyte pressure on shape accuracy of micro holes in ECM with hollow electrodes. Proc CIRP 68:420–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yuvaraj N, Pradeep Kumar M (2014) Multiresponse optimization of abrasive water jet cutting process parameters using TOPSIS approach. Mater Manuf Process: 882–889.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10426914.20.
  21. 21.
    Kassiff G, Ben Shalom A (1971) Experimental relationship between swell pressure and suction. Geotechnique 21:245–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gao C, Ningsong Q, Ding B, Shen Y (2019) An insight into cathodic reactions during wire electrochemical micromachining in aqueous hydrochloric acid solution. Electrochim Acta 295:67–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sankar M, Gnanavelbabu A, Rajkumar K, Thushal NA (2017) Electrolytic concentration effect on the abrasive assisted-electrochemical machining of an aluminum–boron carbide composite. Mater Manuf Process 32(6):687–692.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10426914.2016.1244840 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rahman Z, Das AK, Chattopadhyaya S (2017) Microhole drilling through electrochemical processes: a review. Mater Manuf Process 33(13):1379–1405.  https://doi.org/10.1080/10426914.2017.1401721 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sadagopan P, Mouliprasanth B (2017) Investigation on the influence of different types of dielectrics in electrical discharge machining. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 92:277.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-017-0039-1. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Manufacturing Engineering, College of Engineering GuindyAnna UniversityChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations