Advertisement

Solid State Additive Manufacturing of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene with Silica Augmentative: Application of Friction Stir Processing

  • E.M. Shirkharkolaei
  • P. Ebrahimzadeh
  • S. ShahrakiEmail author
  • R. Farasati
Article
  • 11 Downloads

Abstract

The additive manufacturing processes are increasing their importance in fabrication of composite like structures. Friction stir processing is classified as a solid state additive manufacturing technique that is used for lamination or powder deposition in a matrix substrate. In the present work an attempt was made to add the silica as secondary phase into the acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) surface for enhancing the mechanical and surface properties of fabricated composite. The parameters such as amount of silica fraction, pass number, tool rotational speed and linear speed were considered to be involved in the study. The responses surface method (RSM) was used here to assess relationship between aforementioned inputs and outputs vs bending strength and deflection before fracture. Optimal setting of process parameters was determined by maximizing bending strength and deflection. The obtained optimal results showed that maximum strength and deflection can be achieved by selecting of 100% silica volume fraction, 1 pass number, 1400 rpm tool rotation and 80 mm/min travel speed. The optimum results were further verified through confirmatory experiment and the result showed that the values of prediction error for bending strength and deflection are 6.1% and 8.5%, respectively. This proves the validity of the proposed approach for empirical modeling and optimization of friction stir additive manufacturing process.

Keywords

Additive manufacturing ABS Silica Reinforcement RSM Optimization 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

It is stated that there is no conflict of interest between authors.

References

  1. 1.
    Palanivel S, Nelaturu P, Glass B, Mishra RS (2015) Friction stir additive manufacturing for high structural performance through microstructural control in an mg based WE43 alloy. Mater Des (1980–2015) 65:934–952CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mishra RS, Ma ZY (2005) Friction stir welding and processing. Mater Sci Eng R Rep 50(1–2):1–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Palanivel S, Sidhar H, Mishra RS (2015) Friction stir additive manufacturing: route to high structural performance. JOM 67(3):616–621CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Oliveira PHF, Amancio-Filho ST, Dos Santos JF, Hage E (2010) Preliminary study on the feasibility of friction spot welding in PMMA. Mater Lett 64(19):2098–2101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liu FC, Liao J, Nakata K (2014) Joining of metal to plastic using friction lap welding. Mater Des (1980–2015) 54:236–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Strand SR, Sorensen CD, Nelson TW (2003) Effects of friction stir welding on polymer microstructure. In ANTEC 2003 conference proceedings (pp. 1078–1082)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Arici A, Sinmazçelýk T (2005) Effects of double passes of the tool on friction stir welding of polyethylene. J Mater Sci 40(12):3313–3316CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bjorkman G, Cantrell M, Carter R (2003) Self-reacting friction stir welding for aluminum alloy circumferential weld applications. NASA Technical Reports Server, ID number: 20030061190Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pirizadeh M, Azdast T, Ahmadi SR, Shishavan SM, Bagheri A (2014) Friction stir welding of thermoplastics using a newly designed tool. Mater Des 54:342–347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mendes N, Loureiro A, Martins C, Neto P, Pires JN (2014) Morphology and strength of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene welds performed by robotic friction stir welding. Mater Des 64:81–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mendes N, Loureiro A, Martins C, Neto P, Pires JN (2014) Effect of friction stir welding parameters on morphology and strength of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene plate welds. Mater Des 58:457–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Azarsa E, Mostafapour A (2014) Experimental investigation on flexural behavior of friction stir welded high density polyethylene sheets. J Manuf Process 16(1):149–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bagheri A, Azdast T, Doniavi A (2013) An experimental study on mechanical properties of friction stir welded ABS sheets. Mater Des 43:402–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sadeghian N, Givi MKB (2015) Experimental optimization of the mechanical properties of friction stir welded acrylonitrile butadiene styrene sheets. Mater Des 67:145–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bilici MK, Yükler Aİ, Kurtulmuş M (2011) The optimization of welding parameters for friction stir spot welding of high density polyethylene sheets. Mater Des 32(7):4074–4079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bilici MK, Yükler AI (2012) Influence of tool geometry and process parameters on macrostructure and static strength in friction stir spot welded polyethylene sheets. Mater Des 33:145–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Azhiri RB, Tekiyeh RM, Zeynali E, Ahmadnia M, Javidpour F (2018) Measurement and evaluation of joint properties in friction stir welding of ABS sheets reinforced by nanosilica addition. Measurement 127:198–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Azhiri RB, Sola JF, Tekiyeh RM, Javidpour F, Bideskan AS (2019) Analyzing of joint strength, impact energy, and angular distortion of the ABS friction stir welded joints reinforced by nanosilica addition. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 100(9–12):2269–2282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gao J, Li C, Shilpakar U, Shen Y (2015) Improvements of mechanical properties in dissimilar joints of HDPE and ABS via carbon nanotubes during friction stir welding process. Mater Des 86:289–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Thangarasu A, Murugan N, Dinaharan I, Vijay SJ (2015) Synthesis and characterization of titanium carbide particulate reinforced AA6082 aluminum alloy composites via friction stir processing. Arch Civ Mech Eng 15(2):324–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Teimouri R, Amini S, Mohagheghian N (2017) Experimental study and empirical analysis on effect of ultrasonic vibration during rotary turning of aluminum 7075 aerospace alloy. J Manuf Process 26:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • E.M. Shirkharkolaei
    • 1
  • P. Ebrahimzadeh
    • 2
  • S. Shahraki
    • 3
    Email author
  • R. Farasati
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringBabol University of TechnologyBabolIran
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIran University of Industries and MinesTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of ZabolZabolIran

Personalised recommendations