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Italian Economic Journal

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 103–133 | Cite as

Inefficiency in Childcare Production: Evidence from Italian Microdata

  • Luigi BrighiEmail author
  • Paolo Silvestri
Research paper - Italy and Europe
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

The paper provides an empirical analysis of production technology in the childcare sector and offers a comparative analysis of inefficiency between public and private day-care centres. Estimates of multi-output production technology and technical inefficiency are obtained in a stochastic frontier model by using cross-section micro-data from a region of northern Italy over the period 2007/8. We find that production exhibits increasing returns to scale and that separability between inputs and outputs is rejected. The average estimate of technical inefficiency is about 10% and public centres are more inefficient than private centres by 4.1% points.

Keywords

Childcare Technical inefficiency Stochastic Frontier analysis Input-distance function 

JEL Classification

D.24 H.44 J.13 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Funding

This study has not benefited from funding.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Economia Marco Biagi and RECentUniversità degli studi di Modena e Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Economia Marco Biagi and CAPPUniversità degli studi di Modena e Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly

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