Psychosocial, Cognitive, and Behaviour After Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury: Perspectives of Survivors and Caregivers in Ghana
- 102 Downloads
Traumatic brain injury remains a significant public health concern globally. Using a phenomenological design, 10 participants (5 survivors and 5 caregivers) were purposively recruited from the Surgical Outpatient Department of the 37 Military Hospital, Accra for the study. The purpose of this study was to describe and explore the psychosocial, cognitive, and behaviour issues of survivors and caregivers following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Ghana. Credibility measures included an independent audit of the analysis by supervisors, multiple investigator triangulation (survivors and caregivers) and enquiry audit (field notes). The findings of the study revealed irritability, hyperactivity, anxiety and depression as the emotional impact of TBI on survivors. Also, TBI adversely affected caregivers because of the burden associated with caring for the survivor and the related loss of function. It was further revealed that the availability of comprehensive rehabilitation services and return to pre-injury level will improve survivors’ quality of life. It was concluded that TBI impact is both immediate and long-term and requires a concerted effort from researchers and policymakers through the development of ongoing surveillance programmes and implementing effective evidence-based interventions. Recommendations were also discussed.
KeywordsCaregivers Behaviour Cognitive Psychosocial Survivors Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
- 4.Awua J, Fenteng K, Asare L. Impact of television advertisement of alcoholic beverages on consumer behaviour. Cape Coast: Unpublished Project Work to the University of Cape Coast (2013).Google Scholar
- 8.Bowen M. Family therapy in clinical practice. London: Jason Aronson; 1978.Google Scholar
- 12.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Report to Congress on traumatic brain injury in the United States: epidemiology and rehabilitation. Atlanta: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention; 2015.Google Scholar
- 14.Creswell JW. Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. 4th ed. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications Inc.; 2013.Google Scholar
- 19.Falvo DR. Medical and psychosocial aspects of chronic illness and disability. Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett Publishers; 2009.Google Scholar
- 20.Firsing S. A mixed methods study to develop an instrument to assess family quality of life among caregivers of adults with traumatic brain injury. Doctoral thesis, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Retrieved from www.mhsl.uab.edu/dt/2013/Firsing_uab_0005D_11031.pdf (2013).
- 23.Gary K, Ketchum J, Arango-Lasprilla J, Kreutzer J, Novack T, Copolillo A, Deng X. Differences in employment outcomes 10 years after traumatic brain injury among racial and ethnic minority groups. J Vocat Rehabil. 2010;33:65–75.Google Scholar
- 30.Maucieri L. Traumatic brain injury: what counselors need to know. Wis Couns J. Fall 2012;46–60.Google Scholar
- 33.National Road Safety Commission (NRSC). Annual accident report. Accra (2015).Google Scholar
- 35.Shekhar C, Gupta LN, Premsagar IC, Sinha M, Kishore J. An epidemiological study of traumatic brain injury cases in a trauma centre of New Delhi (India). J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2015;8:131–9. Available from http://www.onlinejets.org/text.asp?2015/8/3/131/160700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 36.Silver J, Yudofsky S, Anderson K. Aggressive disorders. In: Silver YS, Mcallister JM, editors. Traumatic brain injury, vol. 2. Washington: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2005. p. 259–77.Google Scholar
- 38.Ta’eed GL. Rehabilitation processes following traumatic brain injury. Doctoral Thesis, University of Tasmania (2012).Google Scholar
- 39.Thurman D. The epidemiology and economics of head trauma. In: Miller L, Hayes R, editors. Head trauma: basic, preclinical and clinical directions. New York: Wiley; 2001.Google Scholar
- 46.Wondolowski LE. A phenomenological inquiry into the family members’ experience of having an adult member with a traumatic brain injury within the first 3 years. Doctoral Dissertation at Michigan State University. Retrieved from https://d.lib.msu.edu/…/A_Phenomenological_Inquiry_Into_The_Family_Members.pdf (2015).
- 47.World Health Organization (WHO). Projections of mortality and burden of disease to 2030: deaths by income group. Geneva: WHO; 2006.Google Scholar