Psychosocial, Cognitive, and Behaviour After Effects of Traumatic Brain Injury: Perspectives of Survivors and Caregivers in Ghana

  • Joshua AwuaEmail author
  • Joseph Kwarteng Ofosuhene-Mensah
  • Kofi Krafona
Original Article


Traumatic brain injury remains a significant public health concern globally. Using a phenomenological design, 10 participants (5 survivors and 5 caregivers) were purposively recruited from the Surgical Outpatient Department of the 37 Military Hospital, Accra for the study. The purpose of this study was to describe and explore the psychosocial, cognitive, and behaviour issues of survivors and caregivers following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in Ghana. Credibility measures included an independent audit of the analysis by supervisors, multiple investigator triangulation (survivors and caregivers) and enquiry audit (field notes). The findings of the study revealed irritability, hyperactivity, anxiety and depression as the emotional impact of TBI on survivors. Also, TBI adversely affected caregivers because of the burden associated with caring for the survivor and the  related loss of function. It was further revealed that the availability of comprehensive rehabilitation services and return to pre-injury level will improve survivors’ quality of life. It was concluded that TBI impact is both immediate and long-term and requires a concerted effort from researchers and policymakers through the development of ongoing surveillance programmes and implementing effective evidence-based interventions. Recommendations were also discussed.


Caregivers Behaviour Cognitive Psychosocial Survivors Traumatic brain injury (TBI) 



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature India Private Limited 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Education and PsychologyUniversity of Cape CoastCape CoastGhana

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