Advertisement

Wear Behavior of Spheroidal Graphite Cast Iron in Biodiesel Blends

  • Sunil DeshpandeEmail author
  • Nitinkumar Anekar
  • Shashikant Vagge
  • Akshay Joshi
Article
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Biodiesel as an alternative fuel is overcoming to replace petroleum diesel partially. The tribological performance of biodiesel is crucial with respect to application in automobiles. Cast iron is widely used in for manufacturing of many automobile engine parts such as piston, valves, piston rings, etc. This research article evaluates the wear behavior of spheroidal graphite cast iron which is used for the manufacturing of piston rings with respect to different blends of biodiesel. Many experiments were carried out under metal to metal contact and lubricated sliding condition on, pin on disc wear testing machine. This shows the metallographic changes due to wear damage. Previous experimental result shows that friction coefficient and wear loss decreases significantly due to decrease in lubrication percentage of palm biodiesel. The test parameters used under this work were 8 kg, 10 kg, 12 kg, 14 kg and 16 kg loads for 1 h, at speed 300 rpm and at ambient temperature. Wear behavior of spheroidal graphite cast iron is evaluated using five different blends of biodiesel, B0 (100% petroleum diesel), B5 (5% biodiesel), B10 (10% biodiesel), B20 (20% biodiesel), B100 (100% palm biodiesel)).The period for which cast iron can sustain is determined by its wear and abrasion resistance. Due to formation of lubrication layer of ester compounds in palm biodiesel wear resistance of nodular cast iron increases as biodiesel percentage increase in the blend. Therefore, high wear resistance is critical for ensuring a long life of the cast iron in biodiesel environment. The results showed that the B100 has higher coefficient of friction and lowest surface roughness and wear volume loss as compared with petroleum diesel (B0). It also shows that wear and friction decrease as percentage of biodiesel increases. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) investigations used to analyze the structure and surface morphology. Wear scar diameter (WSD) was investigated using optical microscopy in tested specimen. The wear rate was found to be more in petroleum diesel compared with palm biodiesel than other blends.

Keywords

Spheroidal graphite cast iron Wear Palm biodiesel Petroleum diesel Piston ring SEM EDS 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work presented in this paper was supported by Corrosion Laboratory, College of Engineering, Pune.

Supplementary material

40735_2019_300_MOESM1_ESM.docx (41 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 40 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Sorate KA, Bhale PV (2015) Biodiesel properties and automotive system compatibility issues. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 41:777–798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fazal MA, Haseeb ASMA, Masjuki HH (2014) A critical review on the tribological compatibility of automotive materials in palm biodiesel. Energy Convers Manag 79:180–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Haseeb ASMA, Sia SY, Fazal MA, Masjuki HH (2010) Effect of temperature on tribological properties of palm biodiesel. Energy 35:1460–1464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shahir SA, Masjuki HH, Kalam MA, Imran A, Fattah R, Sanjid A (2014) Feasibility of diesel-bioethanol blend existing CI engine fuel; An assessment of properties, material compatibility, safety and combustion. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 32:379–395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fazal MA, Haseeb ASMA, Masjuki HH (2013) Investigation of friction and wear characteristics of palm biodiesel. Energy Convers Manage 67:251–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Abd El-Aziz Kh, Zohdy Kh, Saber D, Sallam HEM (2015) Wear and corrosion behavior of high-Cr white cast iron alloys in different corrosive media. J Bio- Tribo-Corros 1(25):1–12Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Azarian NS, Ghasemi HM, Monshi MR (2015) Synergistic erosion and corrosion behavior of AA5052 aluminum alloy in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution under various impingement angles. J Bio- Tribo-Corros 1:10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sharma BK, Adhvaryu A, Erhan SZ (2009) Friction and wear behavior of thioether hydroxy vegetable oil. Tribol Int 42(2):353–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Arumugam S, Sriram G (2012) Effect of bio-lubricant and biodiesel contaminated lubricant on tribological behavior of cylinder liner–piston ring combination. Tribol Trans 55:438–445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hoang AT, Tabatabaei M, Aghbashlo M (2019) A review of the effect of biodiesel on the corrosion behavior of metals/alloys in diesel engines. Recovery Util Environ Effects Energy Sources Part A.  https://doi.org/10.1080/15567036.2019.1623346 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tu Z, Hu E, Wang B, David KD, Seeger P, Moneke M, Stengler R, Hu K, Hu X (2019) Tribological behaviors of Ni-modified citric acid carbon quantum dot particles as a green additive in polyethylene glycol. Friction.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s40544-019-0272-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rocabruno-Valdés CI, González-Rodriguez JG, Díaz-Blanco Y, Juantorena AU, Muñoz-Ledo JA, El-Hamzaoui Y, Hernández JA (2019) Corrosion rate prediction for metals in biodiesel using artificial neural networks. Renew Energy 140:592–601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fazal MA, Suhaila NR, Haseeb ASMA, Rubaiee S (2018) Sustainability of additive-doped biodiesel: Analysis of its aggressiveness toward metal corrosion. J Clean Prod 181:508–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kumar S, Yadav K, Dwivedi G (2018) Impact analysis of oxidation stability for biodiesel & its blends. Mater Today Proc 5:19255–19261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Deshpande S, Joshi A, Vagge S, Anekar N (2019) Corrosion behavior of nodular cast iron in biodiesel blends. Eng Fail Anal 105:1319–1327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Olorunnishola AAG, Anjorin SA (2015) Effect of seed oils, load and surface texture on sliding wear of quenched pins sliding on carburized discs. Eur J Basic Appl Sci 2(1):253–263Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zulkifli NWM, Kalam MA, Masjuki HH, Al Mahmud KAH, Yunus R (2014) The effect of temperature on tribological properties of chemically modified bio-based lubricant. Tribol Trans 57(3):408–441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rocabruno-Valdés CI, Hernández JA, Juantorena AU, Arenas EG, Lopez-Sesenes R, Salinas-Bravo VM, González-Rodriguez JG (2018) An electrochemical study of the corrosion behaviour of metals in canola biodiesel. Corros Eng Sci Technol 53(2):153–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Masjuki HH, Maleque MA (1996) The effect of palm oil diesel fuel contaminated lubricant on sliding wear of cast irons against mild steel. Wear 198:293–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lin Y-C, Kan T-H, Chen J-N, Tsai J-C, Ku Y-Y, Lin KW (2013) Tribological performance of engine oil blended with various diesel fuels. Tribol Trans 56(6):997–1010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Xu YF, Yu HQ, Wei XY, Cui X, Hu XG, Xue T, Zhang DY (2013) Friction and wear behaviors of a cylinder liner–piston ring with emulsified bio-oil as fuel. Tribol Trans 56(3):359–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Agarwal AK, Bijwe J, Das LM (2003) Wear assessment in a biodiesel fueled compression ignition engine. J Gas Turbines Power 125:820–826CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunil Deshpande
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nitinkumar Anekar
    • 1
  • Shashikant Vagge
    • 2
  • Akshay Joshi
    • 2
  1. 1.MIT College of EngineeringPune UniversityPuneIndia
  2. 2.College of EngineeringPune UniversityPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations