Sugarcane Wastes as a Green Additive to Control Corrosion of Steel-Reinforced Concrete Under Different Treatment Conditions

  • Aprael S. Yaro
  • May A. Ibrahim
  • Anees A. KhadomEmail author


Corrosion rates and resistivity of concrete at different corrosive conditions (exposed to air, partially and totally immersed in water), using various types of steel surface conditions (phosphatized, as-received, and cleaned steels), were evaluated using an electrochemical polarization technique in the presence of different concentrations of sugarcane (bagasse) as a green additive. Electrochemical parameters (corrosion current and resistance) were estimated using a computer program. The addition of bagasse to concrete in dry air conditions increases the half-cell potential to a negative direction, increases the corrosion current, and decreases the resistivity. For concrete samples that partially immersed in water, as bagasse concentrations increase, half-cell potential increases to a positive direction, corrosion current decreases, and electrical resistivity increases, while for totally immersed concrete, the presence of bagasse shifts the potential to a negative direction, corrosion current increases, and resistivity decreases. Phosphatized steel provides better protection than as-received and cleaned steel.


Steel Cement Concrete Corrosion Green additive 



Authors would like to thank Department of Chemical Engineering—College of Engineering—University of Baghdad, for support and facilities.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There are no conflicts of interest arising from the involvement of other parties either internal or external to the university.

Supplementary material

40735_2019_281_MOESM1_ESM.doc (842 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 842 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Petroleum Engineering DepartmentKnowledge UniversityErbilIraq
  2. 2.Department of Chemical Engineering, College of EngineeringUnivesrity of BaghdadBaghdadIraq
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of DiyalaBaquba CityIraq

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