Advertisement

A Study on Wear Behaviour of Electrical Discharge-Coated Magnesium Alloy

  • U. ElaiyarasanEmail author
  • V. Satheeshkumar
  • C. Senthilkumar
Article
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

Wear behaviour of ZE41A magnesium alloy coated with WC/Cu using electrical discharge coating (EDC) has been investigated in this study. The wear test was conducted with pin-on-disc machine using different conditions such as normal load of 1.5 kg, 2.5 kg, 3.5 kg and sliding speed of 100 rpm, 200 rpm, 300 rpm and sliding time of 3 min, 5 min, 7 min through L9 Taguchi orthogonal array to study the effect of sliding parameters on the wear characteristics. A wear transition map was constructed to describe the different wear conditions such as mild wear, severe wear and ultra severe wear. The main wear mechanisms for each wear regime were identified and classified through wear mechanism map. The worn-out specimens were characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM) to identify the various wear mechanisms.

Keywords

ZE41A magnesium alloy Electrical discharge coating Wear mechanism map Mild wear 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to offer their heartfelt thanks to the University Grant Commission (UGC), New Delhi for awarding fellowship for doing research through the Award Letter No: F1-17.1/2017-18/RGNF-2017-18-SC-TAM-34647/(SA-III/Website) dated 27/07/2017 (A study on electro-discharge machining of ZE41A magnesium alloy). The authors are also grateful to the Centre for Materials Joining and Research (CEMAJOR), Department of Manufacturing Engineering, Annamalai University for providing lab facilities to conduct the experiments.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

There is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Prakash DL, Prasanna B, Regener D (2005) Computational microstructure analyzing technique for quantitative characterization of shrinkage and gas pores in pressure die cast AZ91 magnesium alloys. Comput Mater Sci 32(3–4):480–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wang RM, Eliezer A, Gutman EM (2003) An investigation on the microstructure of an AM50 magnesium alloy. Mater Sci Eng A 355(1–2):201–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mehta DS, Masood SH, Song WQ (2004) Investigation of wear properties of magnesium and aluminum alloys for automotive applications. J Mater Proc Technol 155:1526–1531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mordike BL, Ebert T (2001) Magnesium: properties-applications-potential. Mater Sci Eng A 302(1):37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rauber C, Lohmüller A, Opel S, Singer RF (2011) Microstructure and mechanical properties of SiC particle reinforced magnesium composites processed by injection molding. Mater Sci Eng A 528(19–20):6313–6323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Staia MH, Castillo EJ, Puchi ES, Lewis B, Hintermann HE (1996) Wear performance and mechanism of electroless Ni/P coating. Surf coat Technol 86:598–602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chen Y, Wang HM (2004) Microstructure and wear resistance of a laser clad TiC reinforced nickel aluminides matrix composite coating. Mater Sci Eng A 368(1–2):80–87Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lasa L, Rodriguez-Ibabe JM (2002) Effect of composition and processing route on the wear behaviour of Al–Si alloys. Scri Mater 46(6):477–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Palaniappa M, Seshadri SK (2008) Friction and wear behavior of electroless Ni–P and Ni–W–P alloy coatings. Wear 265(5–6):735–740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Alirezaei S, Monirvaghefi SM, Salehi M, Saatchi A (2007) Wear behavior of Ni–P and Ni–P–Al2O3 electroless coatings. Wear 262(7–8):978–985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Krishnaveni K, Narayanan TS, Seshadri SK (2005) Electroless Ni–B coatings: preparation and evaluation of hardness and wear resistance. Surf Coat Technol 190(1):115–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kaviti RVP, Jeyasimman D, Parande G, Gupta M, Narayanasamy R (2018) Investigation on dry sliding wear behavior of Mg/BN nanocomposites. J Mag Alloys 6(3):263–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hu HJ, Sun Z, Ou ZW, Wang XQ (2017) Wear behaviors and wear mechanisms of wrought magnesium alloy AZ31 fabricated by extrusion-shear. Eng Fail Analy 72:25–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    El-Morsy AW (2008) Dry sliding wear behavior of hot deformed magnesium AZ61 alloy as influenced by the sliding conditions. Mater Sci Eng A 473(1–2):330–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    García-Rodríguez S, Torres B, Maroto A, López AJ, Otero E, Rams J (2017) Dry sliding wear behavior of globular AZ91 magnesium alloy and AZ91/SiCp composites. Wear 390:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gul F, Acilar M (2004) Effect of the reinforcement volume fraction on the dry sliding wear behaviour of Al–10Si/SiCp composites produced by vacuum infiltration technique. Comp Sci Tech 64(13–14):1959–1970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schwartz CJ, Bahadur S (2001) The role of filler deformability, filler–polymer bonding, and counterface material on the tribological behavior of polyphenylene sulfide (PPS). Wear 251(1–12):1532–1540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wilson S, Alpas AT (1997) Wear mechanism maps for metal matrix composites. Wear 212(1):41–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chen H, Alpas AT (2000) Sliding wear map for the magnesium alloy Mg–9Al–0.9Zn (AZ91). Wear 246(1–2):106–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhang J, Alpas AT (1997) Transition between mild and severe wear in aluminium alloys. Acta Mater 45(2):513–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mondal AK, Rao BC, Kumar S (2007) Wear behaviour of AE42 + 20% saffil Mg-MMC. Tribo Int 40(2):290–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Liu Y, Asthana R, Rohatgi P (1991) A map for wear mechanisms in aluminium alloys. J Mater Sci 26(1):99–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lim SC (2002) The relevance of wear-mechanism maps to mild-oxidational wear. Tribo Int 35(11):717–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sharma SC, Anand B, Krishna M (2000) Evaluation of sliding wear behaviour of feldspar particle-reinforced magnesium alloy composites. Wear 241(1):33–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Venkataraman B, Sundararajan G (1996) The sliding wear behaviour of Al/SiC particulate composites-I. Macrobehaviour Acta Mater 44(2):451–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lim CYH, Lim SC, Gupta M (2003) Wear behaviour of SiCp-reinforced magnesium matrix composites. Wear 255(1–6):629–637CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Elaiyarasan
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. Satheeshkumar
    • 1
  • C. Senthilkumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Manufacturing EngineeringAnnamalai UniversityChidambaramIndia

Personalised recommendations