Reading Words Using the Go/No-Go Procedure with Compound Stimuli with Preschool Children

  • Daniela de Souza Canovas
  • Anna Carolina Muller Queiroz
  • Paula DebertEmail author
  • Maria Martha Costa Hübner
Original Article


The study investigated whether the go/no-go procedure with compound stimuli would produce emergent relations among dictated word (A), picture (B) and printed word (C). The emergence of textual behavior (CD) was also evaluated. Eight children from 4 to 5 years old were submitted to AB and AC training, followed by tests of BC, CB, and CD relations. During AB and AC training, a compound stimulus (formed of auditory and visual stimuli) was successively presented in each trial. Responses were differentially reinforced in the presence of “related” compounds (e.g., A1B1 and A2B2 in AB training), but not in the presence of “unrelated” compounds (e.g., A1B2 and A2B1). In BC and CB tests, the compounds were formed of a picture and a printed word side by side. Finally, tests of CD relations were conducted (textual behavior). The results showed that all the children met the learning criteria and showed emergence of BC, CB, and CD relations. The data also indicated the feasibility of the go/no-go procedure in producing emergent performance in reading.


Reading Stimulus equivalence Go/no-go Compound Preschool children 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all the authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in the studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee, and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidade de São Paulo, Cidade UniversitáriaSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto Nacional de Ciência e TecnologiaSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Grupo MétodoSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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