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Health Effects of Climate Change Through Temperature and Air Pollution

  • Jianing Lou
  • Yangyang Wu
  • Penghui Liu
  • Sri Harsha Kota
  • Lei HuangEmail author
Human Health Effects of Environmental Pollution (KC Makris, Section Editor)
  • 27 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Human Health Effects of Environmental Pollution

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Recognizing health effects of changes in temperature caused by climate change and changes in air pollution affected by temperature changes on human health, predicting the health effects of both future temperature changes and air quality changes caused by climate change is critical to adopting a range of measures to respond to future climate change. The purpose of this review is to summarize studies on the health effects of temperature and air quality changes affected by climate change directly or indirectly, and to summarize the limitations of these studies.

Recent Findings

After summarizing the main methods and results, we conclude that past temperature changes and air pollution caused by climate change directly or indirectly have a serious impact on the mortality or morbidity of human diseases, and climate change does impact human health and will exacerbate these effects. Moreover, it may have spatial and socioeconomic differences in the world. Nonetheless, these studies also indicate that policies about climate change and emission reduction can reduce these effects.

Summary

The evaluation focuses on the interaction between temperature change and air quality caused by climate change and assesses the impact of both on human health. There are still some uncertainties in existing research, and future health predictions related to climate change should focus on quantitative exploration of temperature and air pollution changes, eliminate interference caused by factors such as industrialization, and demographic changes, while the choice of meteorological conditions should be further extended, not just limited to the temperature and air quality.

Keywords

Climate change Temperature Air pollution Health effect 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by the Chinese Natural Science Foundation (41822709 & 41571475) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

40726_2019_112_MOESM1_ESM.docx (27 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 26 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianing Lou
    • 1
  • Yangyang Wu
    • 1
  • Penghui Liu
    • 1
  • Sri Harsha Kota
    • 2
  • Lei Huang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the EnvironmentNanjing UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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