Current Pollution Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 251–264 | Cite as

Low Carbon Desalination by Innovative Membrane Materials and Processes

  • Hung Cong DuongEmail author
  • Ashley J. Ansari
  • Long D. Nghiem
  • Thao M. Pham
  • Thang D. Pham
Water Pollution (L Nghiem, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Water Pollution


Seawater and brackish water desalination has been a practical approach to mitigating the global fresh water scarcity. Current large-scale desalination installations worldwide can complementarily augment the global fresh water supplies, and their capacities are steadily increasing year-on-year. Despite substantial technological advance, desalination processes are deemed energy-intensive and considerable sources of CO2 emission, leading to the urgent need for innovative low carbon desalination platforms. This paper provides a comprehensive review on innovations in membrane processes and membrane materials for low carbon desalination. In this paper, working principles, intrinsic attributes, technical challenges, and recent advances in membrane materials of the membrane-based desalination processes, exclusively including commercialised reverse osmosis (RO) and emerging forward osmosis (FO), membrane distillation (MD), electrodialysis (ED), and capacitive deionisation (CDI), are thoroughly analysed to shed light on the prospect of low carbon desalination.


Low carbon desalination Membrane-based desalination Reverse osmosis (RO) Forward osmosis (FO) Membrane distillation (MD) Electrodialysis (ED) Capacitive deionisation (CDI) 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hung Cong Duong
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ashley J. Ansari
    • 3
  • Long D. Nghiem
    • 1
  • Thao M. Pham
    • 2
  • Thang D. Pham
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Technology in Water and WastewaterUniversity of Technology SydneyUltimoAustralia
  2. 2.Le Quy Don Technical UniversityHanoiVietnam
  3. 3.Strategic Water Infrastructure Laboratory, School of Civil, Mining and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia

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