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Current Pollution Reports

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 240–250 | Cite as

Pesticide Pollution in Agricultural Soils and Sustainable Remediation Methods: a Review

  • Shixian Sun
  • Virinder Sidhu
  • Yuhong Rong
  • Yi Zheng
Land Pollution (GM Hettiarachchi, Section Editor)
  • 151 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Land Pollution

Abstract

An increasing number of pesticides have been used in agriculture for protecting the crops from pests, weeds, and diseases but as much as 80 to 90% of applied pesticides hit non-target vegetation and stay as pesticide residue in the environment which is potentially a grave risk to the agricultural ecosystem. This review gives an overview of the pollution in agricultural soils by pesticides, and the remediation techniques for pesticide-contaminated soils. Currently, the remediation techniques involve physical, chemical, and biological remediation as well as combined ways for the removal of contaminants. The microbial functions in rhizosphere including gene analysis tools are fields in remediation of pesticide-contaminated soil which has generated a lot of interest lately. However, most of those studies were done in greenhouses; more research work should be done in the field conditions for proper evaluation of the efficiency of the proposed techniques. Long-term monitoring and evaluation of in situ remediation techniques should also be done in order to assess their long-term sustainability and practical applications in the field.

Keywords

Pesticides Agricultural soil Pollution Sustainable remediation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Dr. Dibyendu Sarkar for his invitation in writing this review article. Thanks are also due to the Center of Postdoctoral Studies of Landscape Architecture, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming, the People’s Republic of China, for their support.

Funding Information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Fund of China (No. NSFC41563014; NSFC31460551).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Shixian Sun, Virinder Sidhu, Yuhong Rong, and Yi Zheng declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shixian Sun
    • 1
  • Virinder Sidhu
    • 2
  • Yuhong Rong
    • 3
  • Yi Zheng
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Landscape ArchitectureSouthwest Forestry UniversityKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Civil, Environmental and Ocean EngineeringStevens Institute of TechnologyHobokenUSA
  3. 3.Landscape Architecture CollegeSouthwest Forestry UniversityKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Yunnan Provincial Department of EducationKunmingPeople’s Republic of China

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