Advertisement

Water Distillation Extraction of Essential Oil from Sideritis Raeseri Herb

  • Krenaida TarajEmail author
  • Ilirjan Malollari
  • Lorena Ciko
  • Jonilda Llupa
  • Ariana Ylli
  • Fatos Ylli
  • Adelaida AndoniEmail author
Short Communication
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

Water distillation extraction is a well known and popular method for obtaining essential oils from medicinal and aromatic herbs. Additionally, it represents an environmentally friendly process. In the current work, Sideritis raeseri, also known as mountain tea herb, is used to attain essential oils by means of Clevenger apparatus exploiting water as extracting solvent. Essential oils are recognized for their applications in folk medicine. The Sideritis herbs are widely distributed in Mediterranean regions and the Balkans (Albania, Greece and Bulgaria). The primary goal of the present work is to utilize an eco-friendly process, i.e., hydro-distillation to obtain essential oils from Sideritis raesieri. Secondly, to identify the main chemical components in the essential oils of Sideritis herbs by utilizing spectral characterization by means of FTIR spectroscopy. Several samples were considered for the water distillation extraction of Sideritis herbs from different localities of southern Albania, i.e., Zagori (Gjirokastra), Dry Mountain (Korҫa) and Tomorr Mountain (Korҫa). FTIR analyses indicated presence of alpha- and beta-pinene, and bicyclogermacrene as main chemical constituents in the essential oil samples. FTIR spectra featured signals in the range 1437–1374 cm−1 and 1637 cm−1 attributed to bicyclogermacrene, and alpha- and beta-pinene, respectively, in good agreement with reported FTIR relevant studies.

Keywords

Water distillation Sideritis raesieri Extraction FTIR spectroscopy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

An initial version of this paper has been presented in the “5th International Conference on Small and Decentralized Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants”, August 26-29, 2018, 2018, Thessaloniki, Greece.

References

  1. Andoni A (2009) A flat model approach to Ziegler-Natta olefin polymerization catalysts. Eindhoven, PhD Thesis. Technische Universiteit Eindhoven (Eindhoven University of Technology). The Netherlands. Ch. 7.  https://doi.org/10.6100/IR638773
  2. Andoni A (2014) High resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy for studying planar model catalyst: a test of NO on Rh(100). Rev Roum Chim 59(3–4):245–249Google Scholar
  3. Andoni A, Chadwick JC, Niemantsverdriet JW, Thüne PC (2009) Investigation of planar Ziegler-Natta model catalysts using attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy. Catal Lett 130:278–285.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-009-0002-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Andoni A, Xhaxhiu K, Taraj K, Çomo A (2014) An adsorption method for characterization of surface area and pore size of solid surfaces. Asian J Chem 26(20):6833–6838.  https://doi.org/10.14233/ajchem.2014.16991 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Andoni A, Salihila J, Ylli F, Osmëni A, Taraj K, Çomo A (2015) Extraction of essential oil from Albanian chamomile plant by water distillation method and its characterization by FTIR spectroscopy. Int J Ecosys Ecol Sci 5/3:321–324Google Scholar
  6. Andoni A, Delilaj E, Ylli F, Taraj K, Korpa A, Xhaxhiu K, Çomo A (2018) FTIR spectroscopic investigation of alkali-activated fly ash: a test study. Zastita Materijala 59(4):539–542.  https://doi.org/10.5937/zasmat1804539A CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ciko L, Andoni A, Ylli F, Plaku E, Taraj K (2016a) A study on oil extraction from Albanian chamomile and characterization by IR spectroscopy. J Int Environ Appl Sci 11(2):154–158Google Scholar
  8. Ciko L, Andoni A, Ylli F, Plaku E, Taraj K, Çomo A (2016b) Extraction of essential oil from Albanian Salvia officinalis L. and its characterization by FTIR spectroscopy: a Soxhlet method extraction. Asian J Chem 28(6):1401–1402.  https://doi.org/10.14233/ajchem.2016.19658 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. European Medicine Agency (2015) Assessment report on Sideritis scardica Griseb.; Sideritis clandestina (Bory & Chaub.) Hayek; Sideritis raeseri Boiss. & Heldr.; Sideritis syriaca L., herba. http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Herbal_HMPC_assessment_report/2015/07/WC500190613.pdf . Last accessed 21 May 2016
  10. European Pharmacopoeia (1983) Part 1. Maisonneuve SA, Sainte Ruffine, p. V.4.5.8Google Scholar
  11. Gakis MIG (2016) Comparative study of the chemical components of plant species in the genus Sideritis L. (S. scardica, S. perfoliata, S. raeseri), MSc. Thesis, Department of Food and Human Diets, Group of Study and Natural Products Evaluation, Agricultural University of Athens, Greece. http://hdl.handle.net/10329/6492 Last accessed 7 June 2018
  12. Kostadinova E, Nikolova D, Alipieva K, Stefova M, Stefkov G, Evstatieva L, Matevski V, Bankova V (2007) Chemical constituents of the essential oils of Sideritis scardica Griseb and Sideritis raeseri Boiss and Heldr. from Bulgaria and Macedonia. Nat Prod Res 21(9):319–323.  https://doi.org/10.1080/14786410701394142 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mwazighe FM (2013) Extraction, physico-chemical characterization and stability monitoring of essential oil from Matricaria recutita L. grown in selected areas in Kenia. A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the degree of Master of Science in environmental chemistry at the University of Nairobi. May 2013. http://jonnsaromatherapy.com/pdf/Mwazighe_Essential_Oil_From_Matricaria_recutita_2013.pdf. Last accessed 9 February 2019
  14. Nuro A, Dervishi A, Peҫi D, Salihila J, Marku E (2017) Study of essential oil composition of Sideritis populations from south of Albania. Int J Agric Environ and Bioresearch 2(3):14–23Google Scholar
  15. Pieroni A, Quave CL (2014) Ethnobotany and biocultural diversities in the Balkans. Wild food and medicinal plants used in the mountainous Albanian north, north east and east: a comparison. Springer science+business media New York. Ch. 10:183–194.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1492-0_10 Google Scholar
  16. Pljevljakušić D, Šavikin K, Janković T, Zdunić G, Ristić M, Godjevac D, Konić-Ristić A (2011) Chemical properties of the cultivated Sideritis raeseri Boiss. & Heldr. subsp. Raeseri. Food Chem 124(1):226–233.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.06.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Qazimi B, Karapandzova M, Stefkov G, Kulevanova S (2010) Chemical composition of ultrasonic-assisted n-hexane extracts of Sideritis scardica Grieseb. and Sideritis raeseri Boiss. & Heldr. (Lamiaceae) from Macedonia and Albania. Macedonian Pharmaceutical Bulletin 56(1,2):45–56. ISSN 1409-8695Google Scholar
  18. Rodrıguez JDW, Peyron S, Rigou P, Chalier P (2018) Rapid quantification of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) and spearmint (Mentha spicata) essential oils encapsulated in a complex organic matrix using an ATR-FTIR spectroscopic method. PlosONE 13(11).  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0207401
  19. Salamon I (2009) Chamomile biodiversity of the essential oil qualitative-quantitative characteristics. In: Şener B. (eds) Innovations in Chemical Biology. Springer, Dordrecht Ch. 7 pp. 83–90.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6955-0_7
  20. Schmiderer C, Torres-Londoño P, Novak J (2013) Proof of geographical origin of Albanian sage by essential oil analysis. Biochem Syst Ecol 51:70–77.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2013.08.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Schulz H, Baranska M (2007) Identification and quantification of valuable plant substances by IR and Raman spectroscopy. Vib Spectr 43(1):13–25.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vibspec.2006.06.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Schulz H, Özkan G, Baranska M, Krüger H, Özcan M (2005) Characterisation of essential oil plants from Turkey by IR and Raman spectroscopy. Vib Spectrosc 39:249–256.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vibspec.2005.04.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Smith B (1999) Infrared Spectral Interpretation: A Systematik Approach. CRC Press LLCGoogle Scholar
  24. Soto-Barajas MC, Zabalgogeazcoa I, González-Martin I, Vázquez-de-Aldana BR (2018) Near-infrared spectroscopy allows detection and species identification of Epichloë endophytes in Lolium perenne. J Sci Food Agric 98(13):5037–5044.  https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.9038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Taraj K, Delibashi Andoni A, Lazo P, Kokalari (Teli) E, Lame A, Xhaxhiu K, Çomo A (2013) Extraction of chamomile essential oil by subcritical CO2 and its analysis by UV-VIS spectrophotometer. Asian J Chem 25(13):7361–7364.  https://doi.org/10.14233/ajchem.2013.14642 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Taraj K, Malollari I, Andoni A, Ciko L, Lazo P, Ylli F, Osmeni A, Çomo A (2017) Eco-extraction of Albanian chamomile essential oils by liquid CO2 at different temperatures and characterisation by FTIR spectroscopy. J Environ Prot Ecol 18(1):117–124Google Scholar
  27. Taraj K, Malollari I, Llupa J, Ylli A, Ylli F, Andoni A, Ciko L (2018a) Water distillation extraction of Albanian Sideritis raeseri herb and characterisation by FTIR spectroscopy. “5th International Conference on Small and Decentralized Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants”, August 26–29, 2018, pp. 468–472, E-proceedings ISBN 978-960-243-710-0, Thessaloniki, GreeceGoogle Scholar
  28. Taraj K, Malollari I, Ylli F, Maliqati R, Andoni A, Llupa J (2018b) Spectroscopic study on chemical composition of essential oil and crude extract from Albanian Pinus halepensis mill. J Agric Informatics 9(1):41–46.  https://doi.org/10.17700/jai.2018.9.1.440 Google Scholar
  29. Taraj K, Ciko L, Malollari I, Andoni A, Ylli F, Ylli A, Plaku E, Llupa J, Borshi X (2019) Eco-extraction of essential oil from Albanian Hypericum perforatum L. and characterisation by spectroscopy techniques. J Environ Prot Ecol 20(1):188–195Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krenaida Taraj
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ilirjan Malollari
    • 1
  • Lorena Ciko
    • 1
  • Jonilda Llupa
    • 2
  • Ariana Ylli
    • 3
  • Fatos Ylli
    • 4
  • Adelaida Andoni
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of TiranaTiranaAlbania
  2. 2.Laboratory of Food Chemistry, Department of ChemistryUniversity of IoanninaIoanninaGreece
  3. 3.Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of TiranaTiranaAlbania
  4. 4.Institute of Applied Nuclear PhysicsUniversity of TiranaTiranaAlbania

Personalised recommendations